3A Self - Cognition Flashcards Preview

Psychology Year 12 > 3A Self - Cognition > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3A Self - Cognition Deck (17):
1

Cognitive Skills

- Attention
- Problem Solving
- Decision making
- Memory

2

Sensation

- Process which sensory organs detect stimuli
- Transmit info to brain for interpretation

- Receptors exist in our sense organs

3

Perception

- Mental process of receiving, organising and interpreting info. received by organs into meaningful objects and events

4

Attention

- We select what we attend to, as can not pay attention to all stimuli.

- We take in little information
- Attention attracted by new / unusual stimuli

5

Memory

- Works like a computer ( organising, taking in etc)

- amount of info. we can retrieve depends on questions we can ask

- recall: retrieve w/o cues
- recognition: identifying info. from alternatives
- relearning: relearning info. learnt faster 2nd = retained

6

Information Processing Models of Cognition

- Memory & Computer have limited capacity for processing info.
- NS = hardware of computer.
- Info can be stored in memory and retrieved *HDD

- Staffer
-> Minds Hardware = nervous system
-> Software = Mental programs ( strategies)

7

Links Between Cognitive processes and Behaviour

- Allows changes in cognition as we age and change in behaviour patterns

8

ADHD

- Two main clusters of symptoms
-> Inattention (poor attention and organisational skills)
-> Hyperactivity (fidgets, squirms)

9

Diagnosis of ADHD

- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental Disorders #4

- 3 types of ADHD
- Outlines Conditions of ADHD

10

Diagnosis- Combined Type

- Must show:
-> 6 + listed symptoms of inattention
-> 6 + listed symptoms of hyperactivity
-> 6 months at least
-> Present in 2 or more settings

11

Diagnosis - Predominately Inattentive

- 6+ symptoms of inattention
-> 6 months
-> 2 or more settings

12

Diagnosis - Predominately Hyperactive

- 6+ symptoms of hyperactivity
-> 6 months
-> 2 or more settings

13

Consequences of ADHD

- Causes problems in social settings
-> lower marks due to factors such as inattention
-> Difficulty in making and keeping friends

14

Cause of ADHD

- Unknown

- Barkley
-> Poor behavioural inhabituation main deficit of ADHD

-> Leads to impairments where executive functions ability to sustain attention breaks down

-> Speculative

-> Executive functions = neural activity in frontal cortex
-> Biological

15

Treating ADHD

- Behavioural
- Pharmacological

16

- Pharmacological Treatment ADHD

- Most common
- Stimulant medication
- Has a calming and focusing effect
- Inc. level of dopamine -> inc level of attention & focus

- Prescribed in conjunction w/ behaviour mod. program

17

- Behaviour Modification Treatment ADHD

- Behaviour Contracts
-> Agree to a change in behaviour for reward
-> Use token economies

- Parent Education
-> Teaches parents to set limits, routines, deal with behaviour, access to services

- Counselling
-> Anger management, learning social skills & relaxation techniques