3B Communication Flashcards Preview

Psychology Year 12 > 3B Communication > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3B Communication Deck (11):
1

Language is Innate

Chomsky (1982)
- Language was developed naturally
-> children innately predisposed to learn how to talk & understand native language

-> Universal rules that could distinguish grammatical from ungrammatical sentences

- Surface Structural Rules
-> Grammatical structure of language
-> Language received by a child can be ungrammatical
-> LAD makes sure language output are similar to language surrounding

- Universal Rules
-> Children were predisposed to learn these rules

2

LAD

-> Language acquisition device
-> Theoretically a device / organ in brain to help assimilate language and its varying complexities

-> Little attention to social environment.

3

Language is learned

-> Children's language development takes place through parents talking to children

-> Involves participation in shared activities
-> Words and meanings developed into routines regularly undertaken

4

Jerome Bruner (1983)

-> Longitudinal Study of 2 boys from 3-24months
-> LASS : Language Acquisition Support System

-> Described how parents guided and supported children's language through interaction
-> Learn to speak relevant of their social / historical / cultural group

- Child Component
-> Language is innate

- Adult Component
-> Providing necessary social framework to encourage learning of language

5

LASS

- involves scaffolding
-> Parent teachers child to use more words in a familar setting

- Involves reference
-> Use non-linguistic / language to direct attention
-> pointing

-> Joint attention: eye contact, pointing
-> Booking reading: Beneficial for language learning

6

Language and Social Skills in Adults

- Robinson (2003)

-> 3 ways to regulate and make social relationships
-> shaking hands
-> Terms of address
-> Being polite

7

Shaking Hands

-> done when greeting / meeting

- Three Aspects
-> extending arm
-> pressure applied
-> length of time of handshake

suggests:
-> good will
-> trust
-> friendship

8

Forms of Address

- T: Informal
- V: formal
- T/V = 1 sends V, and receives T (vice versa)

-> Mutual V = Default
-> TLN = title and Last Name

9

Politeness

Basic communication convention
-> sign of good manners

-> Brown and Levinson (1987)



-> 2 kinds of politeness
----> Negative Face
----> Positive Face

10

Negative Face

-> Request is less imposing
-> e.g. please, would you

11

Positive Face

-> When a person wishes to be approved and liked