What are the four main features of a stressor? (Stressor = something that causes stress)
What factors influence the effect of stress on a particular individual?
-How stressed they are already (overload)
-Personality (optimism, hardiness)
-Resources (money, social support)
What is the value in using the transactional model of stress?
-Variation in individuals accounted for
-Psychological and social factors considered
-Suggests ways in which people can manage stress
What 4 ways did Cox et. al identify as ways in which stress can cause health problems?
-Physiological response causing physical damage
-Immune system depression - infection risk
-Unhealthy coping methods
-Negative impact on mental health (anxiety, depression)
What is the main problem when using the transactional model of stress?
It's a complex model that is difficult to prove
Outline the stages involved in the transactional model of stress.
-Primary appraisal (what's the problem? How bad is it?)
-Secondary appraisal (what resources do I have to solve the problem)
-Reappraisal (is it really that bad)
Suggest what effects stress can have on the metal health state.
-More rigid and extreme thinking
-Cognitive distortions (things are never gonna be good again, worst possible scenario etc.)
-Learned helplessness (loss of control, no will to fight against)