5 - Herbs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5 - Herbs Deck (25):
1

What are the indications for: garlic?

  • Anti-lipidemic
  • Antimicrobial
  • Anit-asthmatic
  • Anti-inflammatory

2

What are the indications for: ginkgo?

  • Prevent decreased cerebral function
  • Peripheral vascular insufficiency associated with alzheimer's disease or age-related demetia
  • Improve memory and cognition

3

What are the indications for: ginseng?

  • Anti-cancer
  • Slows aging
  • Prevents heart attack
  • Improve digestion
  • Reduce hypertension
  • Strengthen immunity
  • CNS stimulant

4

What are the indications for: ginger?

  • Relieve motion sickness and morning sickness
  • Decrease arthritis pain and inflammation
  • Relieve upset stomach

5

What are the indications for: feverfew?

  • Anti-inflammatory (RA)
  • Preventitive for migraines
  • Muscle soreness

6

What are the indications for: fish oils?

  • Skin disorders
  • Cardioprotection
  • Diabetes
  • Headache
  • Immune support
  • Memory
  • PMS/ulcerative colitis/many others

7

What are the indications for: St. John's Wort?

  • Weed like plant 
  • Reduce mild to moderate depression

8

What is the most widely studied herb with demonstrated efficacy?

St. John's Wort

9

What are the indications for: vitamin E?

  • Fat soluble 
  • Anti-oxidant

10

What are the indications for: echinacea?

  • Common cold
  • Cough
  • Bronchitis

11

What are the indications for: Kava Kava?

  • Anxiety
  • Stress relief
  • Minor tranquilizer 
  • Skeletal muscle relaxant

12

What are the indications for: licorice?

  • Gastric disorders
  • Antitussive
  • Aphthous ulcers
  • Herpes simplex

13

What are the indications for: valerian?

  • Mild sedative
  • Mild anxiolytic
  • Depression
  • Insomnia

14

How can you identify the herbs that are associated with increased bleeding risk?

  • "A Few G's"
  • G followed by vowel = bleeding effect (feverfew included)
  • G followed by consonant = no concern

 

15

What herb has a risk for severe spontaneous bleeding with concurrent use of aspirin and warfarin?

Ginkgo

16

What herb reduced anticoagulant effect of warfarin?

St. John's Wort

- induces some cytochrome p450 liver enzymes

17

Other than the G's, which herbs also effect bleeding effects?

  • Feverfew
  • St. John's Wort
  • Vitamin E
  • Licorice

18

How long before surgery should herbs be discontinued?

14 days - 2 weeks

19

What's the big reason to discontinue herbs 2 weeks before surgery?

  • Antagonize platelet activating factor!

20

What's the website you can find info on herbs?

Natural Standard

21

What's the most popular herb or supplement used by consumers today?

Fish oils - 37%

22

What herb may cause irritation or oral mucosa and tongue?

Feverfew

23

What are the major active antidepressive constituents of St. John's Wort?

  • hyerpforin 
  • hypericin

Also contains - flavonoids & tannins

24

What is feverfew contraindicated in?

Pregnancy

25

What is licorice contraindicated in?

  • Pregnancy
  • Lactation
  • Liver or renal impairment