Flashcards in 54/55: Physical Therapy - Bush Deck (11)
define physical therapy
rehabilitation concerned with restoration of optimal
FUNCTION and prevention of disability following disease, injury or loss of body part
what is proprioception?
- knowledge of position
- awareness of posture, movement and changes in equilibrium
- #1 reason people have re-injuries
Physical Therapy Goals
1 - inflammation control * (prolonged inflammation can lead to chronic weakness)
2- pain control
3 - ROM/strengthening
4 - improved proprioception
5 - gait normalization
6 - return to function**
what do you use for inflammation - hot or cold?
cold (3 - 5) days
- after 3-5 days apply heat to address stiffness
- ice for longer if continue to be active (still working)
- styrofoam cup filled with water, frozen
- massage until numb
define ultrasound **
use of sound waves as a method of heat production, tissue modification (mechanic), movement of fluids
- a method of delivering medication via use of ultrasound
- primarily to help with inflammation
1. Use of direct current (electricity) for ion transfer to introduce medicinal ions into body membranes (skin).
2. Medicine, usually an anti-inflammatory agent, is introduced locally (+ charge).
3. Ideal for pain and edema control.
what is the difference between phonophoresis v. iontophoresis?
phono - sound
ionto - electricity
- comfort (ionto can hurt)
- cost (ionto is $$)
chronic or acute pain TENS
use for chronic not acute