54/55: Physical Therapy - Bush Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 54/55: Physical Therapy - Bush Deck (11)
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1

define physical therapy

rehabilitation concerned with restoration of optimal
FUNCTION and prevention of disability following disease, injury or loss of body part

2

what is proprioception?

- knowledge of position
- awareness of posture, movement and changes in equilibrium
- #1 reason people have re-injuries

3

Physical Therapy Goals

1 - inflammation control * (prolonged inflammation can lead to chronic weakness)
2- pain control
3 - ROM/strengthening
4 - improved proprioception
5 - gait normalization
6 - return to function**

4

what do you use for inflammation - hot or cold?

cold (3 - 5) days
- after 3-5 days apply heat to address stiffness
- ice for longer if continue to be active (still working)

5

ice massage

- styrofoam cup filled with water, frozen
- massage until numb

6

define ultrasound **

use of sound waves as a method of heat production, tissue modification (mechanic), movement of fluids

7

define phonophoresis

- a method of delivering medication via use of ultrasound
- primarily to help with inflammation

8

describe iontophoresis

1. Use of direct current (electricity) for ion transfer to introduce medicinal ions into body membranes (skin).
2. Medicine, usually an anti-inflammatory agent, is introduced locally (+ charge).
3. Ideal for pain and edema control.
4. precautions

9

what is the difference between phonophoresis v. iontophoresis?

phono - sound
ionto - electricity

- comfort (ionto can hurt)
- cost (ionto is $$)

10

chronic or acute pain TENS

use for chronic not acute

11

gait training ***

- is an device necessary
- weight bearing status should be indicated by referring physician
- let PT pick the device