Flashcards in 5th Grade - HISTORY REVIEW Chapters 1 & 2 Deck (88):
The setting up of authorities to rule a city, state, or nation.
Land in which a nation dwells
Man's attempt to put himself in place of or above God.
Rulers with absolute power, born into office, rule unto death, makes laws and enforces them
Rule by one man who usually comes to power by force
Ruler that is born into office, limited in power
A government that is run by representatives of the people. No particular group have all the power. Ruler is called a president. The U.S. has a republican government under the Constitution.
Was built to reach the heavens and to keep people from being scattered abroad upon the faces of the whole earth. Was the beginning of the different languages of mankind.
Tower of Babel
A large body of people who think of themselves as one and are united under one ruler and subject to the same general laws.
A book of maps
Shows land and water areas and gives their names.
Shows nations, cities, and states; also rivers, lakes and other waters.
The false idea that man began as an animal and slowly changed into man.
The human development of new knowledge and greater skills throughout history.
Progress (Not the same as Evolution)
The only true and reasonable record of where we came from.
The only reasonable explanation for human thought and language is that they are direct gifts from God, not products of evolution.
How human language originated
The first people in the world were familiar with farming and keeping sheep.
How long it took for men to learn farming and keeping animals.
Distance from side to side through the center
Diameter of Earth = 8,000 miles
Greatest distance around Earth
Circumference of Earth = 25,000 miles
What is does "Between the rivers" refer to?
What was the main occupation in Sumer?
What was the wedge-shaped writing of Sumer?
Where did Noah's ark land?
What is the smallest and coldest ocean?
What is the warmest ocean?
What is the largest ocean?
What is the ocean between the Americas and Europe or Africa?
What is the study of ancient people by recovering, preserving, and evaluating remains from the past called?
What is the belief based on fear and ignorance rather than the truth called?
What are the tall, layered temples built by the Sumerians for worships called?
What was the most common type of seals in Sumer?
What city did Abraham come from?
What land did God promise to Abraham?
What does the name "Tigris" mean?
What does the name "Euphrates" mean?
that which makes fruitful
Why is the Fertile Crescent called the "Cradle of Civilization?"
Because the earliest people lived there
Where can we find the only completely accurate record of ancient history?
Who were the first people after the Flood who developed and used writing?
Who are the people that dig up and study the remains of ancient civilization?
What was the early form of the Sumerian writing called? What was the later form called?
the early form was pictographs and the later form was cuneiform
What architectural details were the Sumerians first to use?
the arch and the dome
What were the two most important Sumerian inventions?
writing and the wheel
_____ Is the written record of mankind.
_____ is the study of the earth's surface
Name of the continents of the Old World
Asia, Africa, Europe, Australia, Antartica
The event that marks the beginning of history is the _____ of man.
Our dating system is on the _____ __ _______.
Birth of Christ
The letters A.D. stand for ______ _____ which is Latin for ____________.
anno Domini -- which means "in the year of our Lord"
The letters B.C. mean _____ _____.
________ is the false idea that man began as an animal and slowly changed (evolved) into man.
The ______ gives us the only true and reasonable record of where we came from and what our first ancestors were like.
Some _______ have rulers known as chiefs.
This type of government has a ruler who is born into office and has absolute power over his people.
This is a ruler who usually comes to power by force.
The United States has this type of government.
This leader of a republic is a _______.
The people of Sumer worked together to build the __________ to keep them from being "scattered aboard upon the face of the whole earth (Gen 11:4).
Tower of Babel.
A large body of people who think of themselves as one and are united under one ruler and subject to the same general laws is called a ______.
_____ is a way of life of a group of people.
Two major rivers int he Fertile Crescent are the _______ and the ______.
Tigris and Euphrates
The part of the Fertile Crescent between the Tigris and Euphrates was called _______ which means "between rivers"
____________ may be the mountain upon which Noah's Ark came to rest.
_______ which is supplying land with water, was very important to the Sumerian way of life
The main occupation of Sumerians was ________. Some Sumerians were ________ or ________.
Main occupation was farming.
Some were herdsmen or shepherds
Gradually the Sumerians' wiring became wedge-shaped with each mark standing for a symbol of a word. This form of writing became known as _______.
_________ are people who dig up and study the remains of ancient civilizations.
_______ is a belief that is based on fear and ignorance rather than the truth
The Sumerians built tall temples called _____ for worshipping their gods.
Sumerian builders were very skillful and were the first to build the ______ and the ______.
arch and dome
The ________ was an instrument used to stamp an article or document.
The Sumerians built an ______ on top of the last and smallest layer of the ziggurat to offer sacrifices to their gods.
The southern part of Sumer was called ______.
______ was the most important Sumerian city
The two major inventions of the Sumerians were the ____ and ______
wheel and writing
_______ was the Sumerian moon god
_______ was a famous citizen of Ur mentioned in the Bible
The most amazing tomb in Sumer was that of _______. It is from such discoveries that we have learned something of what the ancient people believed about death.
The king who ordered the ziggurat built at Ur was named ________.
The _____ of the earth (distance from side to side through the center) is nearly _______ miles.
diameter of earth is 8,000 miles
A globe map of the world in the shape of a ______.
The ______ is the imaginary line that runs halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole.
All area between the equator and the North Pole is the ___________.
The _____________ is the southern half of the earth between the equator and the South Pole.
The _______ has more land and the ___________ has more water.
Eastern has more land; Western has more water
Six sevenths (6/7) of the world's people live in the ________ today.
This hemisphere is the Old World
This hemisphere is the New World