5th Grade - HISTORY REVIEW Chapters 1 & 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5th Grade - HISTORY REVIEW Chapters 1 & 2 Deck (88):
2

The setting up of authorities to rule a city, state, or nation.

Government

3

Land in which a nation dwells

Country

4

Man's attempt to put himself in place of or above God.

Humanism

5

Rulers with absolute power, born into office, rule unto death, makes laws and enforces them

Absolute Monarchy

6

Rule by one man who usually comes to power by force

Dictatorship

7

Ruler that is born into office, limited in power

Constitutional Monarchy

8

A government that is run by representatives of the people. No particular group have all the power. Ruler is called a president. The U.S. has a republican government under the Constitution.

Republic

9

Was built to reach the heavens and to keep people from being scattered abroad upon the faces of the whole earth. Was the beginning of the different languages of mankind.

Tower of Babel

10

A large body of people who think of themselves as one and are united under one ruler and subject to the same general laws.

Nation

11

A book of maps

Atlas

12

Shows land and water areas and gives their names.

Physical Map

13

Shows nations, cities, and states; also rivers, lakes and other waters.

Political Map

14

The false idea that man began as an animal and slowly changed into man.

Evolution

15

The human development of new knowledge and greater skills throughout history.

Progress (Not the same as Evolution)

16

The only true and reasonable record of where we came from.

Bible

17

The only reasonable explanation for human thought and language is that they are direct gifts from God, not products of evolution.

How human language originated

18

The first people in the world were familiar with farming and keeping sheep.

How long it took for men to learn farming and keeping animals.

19

Distance from side to side through the center

Diameter of Earth = 8,000 miles

20

Greatest distance around Earth

Circumference of Earth = 25,000 miles

21

What is does "Between the rivers" refer to?

Mesopotamia

22

What was the main occupation in Sumer?

farmers

23

What was the wedge-shaped writing of Sumer?

cuneiform

24

Where did Noah's ark land?

Mt. Ararat

25

What is the smallest and coldest ocean?

Arctic Ocean

26

What is the warmest ocean?

Indian Ocean

27

What is the largest ocean?

Pacific Ocean

28

What is the ocean between the Americas and Europe or Africa?

Atlantic Ocean

29

What is the study of ancient people by recovering, preserving, and evaluating remains from the past called?

archeology

30

What is the belief based on fear and ignorance rather than the truth called?

superstition

31

What are the tall, layered temples built by the Sumerians for worships called?

ziggurats

32

What was the most common type of seals in Sumer?

cylinder seal

33

What city did Abraham come from?

Ur

34

What land did God promise to Abraham?

Canaan

35

What does the name "Tigris" mean?

arrow

36

What does the name "Euphrates" mean?

that which makes fruitful

37

Why is the Fertile Crescent called the "Cradle of Civilization?"

Because the earliest people lived there

38

Where can we find the only completely accurate record of ancient history?

the Bible

39

Who were the first people after the Flood who developed and used writing?

Sumerians

40

Who are the people that dig up and study the remains of ancient civilization?

archeologists

41

What was the early form of the Sumerian writing called? What was the later form called?

the early form was pictographs and the later form was cuneiform

42

What architectural details were the Sumerians first to use?

the arch and the dome

43

What were the two most important Sumerian inventions?

writing and the wheel

44

_____ Is the written record of mankind.

history

45

_____ is the study of the earth's surface

geography

46

Name of the continents of the Old World

Asia, Africa, Europe, Australia, Antartica

47

The event that marks the beginning of history is the _____ of man.

creation

48

Our dating system is on the _____ __ _______.

Birth of Christ

49

The letters A.D. stand for ______ _____ which is Latin for ____________.

anno Domini -- which means "in the year of our Lord"

50

The letters B.C. mean _____ _____.

Before Christ

51

________ is the false idea that man began as an animal and slowly changed (evolved) into man.

Evolution

52

The ______ gives us the only true and reasonable record of where we came from and what our first ancestors were like.

Bible

53

Some _______ have rulers known as chiefs.

tribes

54

This type of government has a ruler who is born into office and has absolute power over his people.

Absolute Monarchy

55

This is a ruler who usually comes to power by force.

Dictator

56

The United States has this type of government.

Republic

57

This leader of a republic is a _______.

President

58

The people of Sumer worked together to build the __________ to keep them from being "scattered aboard upon the face of the whole earth (Gen 11:4).

Tower of Babel.

59

A large body of people who think of themselves as one and are united under one ruler and subject to the same general laws is called a ______.

Nation.

60

_____ is a way of life of a group of people.

culture

61

Two major rivers int he Fertile Crescent are the _______ and the ______.

Tigris and Euphrates

62

The part of the Fertile Crescent between the Tigris and Euphrates was called _______ which means "between rivers"

Mesopotamia

63

____________ may be the mountain upon which Noah's Ark came to rest.

Mount Ararat

64

_______ which is supplying land with water, was very important to the Sumerian way of life

irrigation

65

The main occupation of Sumerians was ________. Some Sumerians were ________ or ________.

Main occupation was farming.
Some were herdsmen or shepherds

66

Gradually the Sumerians' wiring became wedge-shaped with each mark standing for a symbol of a word. This form of writing became known as _______.

cuneiform

67

_________ are people who dig up and study the remains of ancient civilizations.

archaeologists

68

_______ is a belief that is based on fear and ignorance rather than the truth

superstition

69

The Sumerians built tall temples called _____ for worshipping their gods.

ziggurats

70

Sumerian builders were very skillful and were the first to build the ______ and the ______.

arch and dome

71

The ________ was an instrument used to stamp an article or document.

seal

72

The Sumerians built an ______ on top of the last and smallest layer of the ziggurat to offer sacrifices to their gods.

altar

73

The southern part of Sumer was called ______.

Chaldea

74

______ was the most important Sumerian city

Ur

75

The two major inventions of the Sumerians were the ____ and ______

wheel and writing

76

_______ was the Sumerian moon god

Nanna

77

_______ was a famous citizen of Ur mentioned in the Bible

Abraham

78

The most amazing tomb in Sumer was that of _______. It is from such discoveries that we have learned something of what the ancient people believed about death.

Lady Shubad

79

The king who ordered the ziggurat built at Ur was named ________.

Ur-Nammu

80

The _____ of the earth (distance from side to side through the center) is nearly _______ miles.

diameter of earth is 8,000 miles

81

A globe map of the world in the shape of a ______.

sphere

82

The ______ is the imaginary line that runs halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole.

equator

83

All area between the equator and the North Pole is the ___________.

Northern Hemisphere

84

The _____________ is the southern half of the earth between the equator and the South Pole.

Southern Hemisphere

85

The _______ has more land and the ___________ has more water.

Eastern has more land; Western has more water

86

Six sevenths (6/7) of the world's people live in the ________ today.

Eastern Hemisphere

87

This hemisphere is the Old World

Eastern Hemisphere

88

This hemisphere is the New World

Western Hemisphere

89

This means "half a sphere"

hemisphere