7. NAVEDTRA 10244 Basic Music (Excluding APP C, CH1, CH 14) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7. NAVEDTRA 10244 Basic Music (Excluding APP C, CH1, CH 14) Deck (203)
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61

Which melodic ornament is the only one that is always performed ON the beat?

Appoggiatura

62

This jazz expressive device is a variation on the classical Turn of Gruppetto.

Flip or Turn

63

"Perform the principal note, slur to the note above the principal note, glissando to the 2nd written note" are directions for who to play what?

Saxophone, Flip or Turn

64

"Perform the principal note, slur to the 1st available overtone above the principal note, lip slur the overtone series to the 2nd written note" are directions for who to play what?

Trumpets & Trombones, Flip or Turn

65

This effect is produced by "attacking the note in the normal manner, lowering the pitch by relaxing the embouchure, & bringing the note back up to pitch by tightening the embouchure."

Bend

66

This effect is produced by "attacking the note below. Penal pitch by using a relaxed embouchure and bringing the note up to pitch by tightening the embouchure." Its time value is NOT taken from the previous note or rest.

Smear

67

This effect is essentially a lip trill from the note marked, up to an overtone above.

Shake

68

The width & speed of the shake is normally determined by who?

Section leader or band leader

69

How does a saxophone simulate a shake?

With a keyed trill (lip trill is not possible)

70

This saxophone effect consists of a soft, airy sound produced by relaxing the embouchure.

Subtone

71

Muting is a way to alter brass wind sounds. What is H.O.B.?

Hand over bell

72

What is the purpose of false Fingerings & swallowed notes?

To change the timbre of a note

73

How are swallowed notes typically indicated?

With parentheses

74

These "notes" are performed at a lower dynamic level than surrounding notes.

Swallowed notes

75

Straight eighths are sometimes used to replace swing eighths for effect. How are they notated?

With a tenuto sign or simply marked "straight eighths"

76

Adagio

Slow

77

Largo

Slow, broad

78

Andante

Going, walking

79

Moderato

Moderate

80

Name 2 medium tempi

Andante, Moderato

81

Allegro

Cheerful, Quick

82

Vivace

Lively

83

Presto

Fast

84

Name 3 faster tempi

Allegro, Vivace, Presto

85

Tenuto

Momentary change in tempo meaning "held or sustained" (I just think full value)

86

Rubato

Momentary change in tempo meaning "robbed or stolen."

87

Deliberate unsteadiness of tempo

Rubato

88

A slackening and quickening of tempo for the sake of expression

Rubato

89

Fermata

Stay, stop

90

Unmeasured pause or hold

Fermata