8: Anatomy - female reproductive tract and breast Flashcards Preview

Reproduction Week 2 2018/19 > 8: Anatomy - female reproductive tract and breast > Flashcards

Flashcards in 8: Anatomy - female reproductive tract and breast Deck (94)
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1

In which cavity does the female reproductive system lie?

Pelvic cavity

2

Which space is found inferior to the levator ani muscle?

Perineum

3

What separates the pelvic cavity and the perineum?

Pelvic floor

levator ani, perineal muscles etc.

4

What type of peritoneum forms the floor of the peritoneal cavity and the roof of the pelvic cavity?

Parietal peritoneum

5

From anterior to posterior, which organs are found in the female pelvic cavity?

Bladder

Uterus

Rectum

6

In the female peritoneal cavity, which pouches are formed by the

a) bladder and uterus

b) uterus and rectum?

a) Vesico-uterine pouch

b) Recto-uterine pouch (of Douglas)

7

Which two pouches are found in the female peritoneal cavity?

Vesico-uterine pouch

Recto-uterine pouch

8

What is the most inferior part of the female peritoneal cavity?

Recto-uterine pouch

9

Which ligament connects the uterus to the walls and floor of the pelvis?

Broad ligament

10

What parts of the pelvic cavity are connected by the broad ligament?

Uterus

Pelvis walls and floor

11

What structures are contained within the broad ligament?

Uterine tubes

Proximal part of the round ligament

12

Which ligament, connecting the uterus to the walls and floor of the pelvis, contains the uterine tubes?

Broad ligament

13

What is the purpose of the broad ligament?

Keeps uterus in the midline

14

Which ligament's proximal part is contained within the broad ligament?

Round ligament

15

Which structures are connected by the round ligament?

Uterus

Superficial perineum

16

Which structures does the round ligament pass through to connect the uterus and the superficial perineum?

Broad ligament

Deep inguinal ring

17

The (proximal / lateral) part of the round ligament is found in the broad ligament.

proximal part

18

What are the three layers of the uterus, from superficial to deep?

Endometrium

Myometrium

Perimetrium

19

What are the three layers of the uterus from deep to superficial?

Perimetrium

Myometrium

Endometrium

20

Which layer of the uterus is sloughed off during menstruation?

Endometrium

21

What are the two areas of the uterus?

Body

Cervix

22

The cervix is the space between which parts of the uterus?

Internal and external os

23

What area is found between the uterus and the perineum?

Vagina

24

Where in the uterus does implantation occur?

Body of uterus

25

Which ligaments attach the uterus to the sacrum?

Uterosacral ligaments

26

Which muscles form the floor of the pelvis?

Pelvic floor muscles

e.g levator ani

27

Inferior movement of the uterus is called uterine ___.

uterine prolapse

28

In which two positions can the uterus sit?

Anteversion

Retroversion

29

(Anteversion / Retroversion) is the most common uterine position in women.

Anteversion

30

What are the three important axes when determining whether the uterus is anterverted or retroverted?

Axis of the vagina

Axis of the cervix

Axis of the uterus