Interpersonal communication/ Dynamics/ Relationships Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Interpersonal communication/ Dynamics/ Relationships Deck (23)
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1
Q

Basic elements of communication

A

Sender - person communicating
Encoder - person communicating
Channel - human senses
Decoder - person receiving communication
Receiver - person receiving communication
Signal - verbal & nonverbal signs that convey content

2
Q

Noise

A

Technical term for the quality of transmission

3
Q

Overt behaviour

A

People’s visibile behaviour

4
Q

Covert behaviour

A

Behavioural patterns as expressions of people’s character

5
Q

Karen Homey

A

Personologist that identified three covert patterns in underlying interactions:

  1. Moving towards people
  2. Moving against people
  3. Moving away from people
6
Q

Prosocial behaviour

A

Includes doing favours, offering assistance, paying compliments, being pleasant
Some theories assume people are altruistic
Others sees it as a selfish act, expecting something in return
May be a tendency we are born with

7
Q

Aggressive behaviour

A

Common in animals and children

Question is whether aggression is innate or the product of psychosocial circumstance

8
Q

Three approaches to understand aggression

A
  1. Instinct approach
  2. Frustration aggression approaches
  3. Observational learning approaches
9
Q

Instinct approach

A

Konrad Lorenz
Considered aggression as the primary instinct to fight off threat
Viewed it as an energy that builds up that has to be discharged at some point

10
Q

Frustration aggression approach

A

Explains that aggression is the outcome of frustration
Frustration produces anger which leadds to readiness to act aggressively
Whether or not aggression occurs depends on two things: frustration feelings are negative and whether anger cues are present

11
Q

Observational learning approach

A

Suggests we learn to be aggressive

12
Q

Interpersonal attraction

A

Proximity
Similarity and complimentary
Personal attraction
Communication

13
Q

Proximity

A

The more individuals come into contact, the more likely they are to become friends
People like familiar things and fear noval things
Being exposed to something frequently, you become familiar with it which increases your liking
Exposure effect

14
Q

Similarity and complimentary

A

People with similar attitudes, personality traits, demographics tend to like each other
People may seek the company of others who have different personality traits, demographics etc - complimentary

15
Q

Personal attraction

A

People are attracted to others for physical/ psychological reasons

16
Q

Communication

A

People discover each other through talking to each other

17
Q

How do people establish affiliative relationships

A
  1. Two individuals notice each other and evaluates
  2. They start to interact, observe and analyse, seek out each others company more frequently
  3. Make a committment to one another, may be explicit or implicit
18
Q

Interpersonal relationships

A

Casual interaction
Friendship
Family
Love

19
Q

Casual relations

A

Contracted interactions
Interact for a purpose and follow sociocultural protocol
Characterised by principles of equity

20
Q

Friendship

A

Based on communality

Characterised by their sensitivity and responsiveness to one anothers needs with no calculation of cost

21
Q

Family

A

Complex system
Prepares children to acquire skills and lays the foundation for the child’s development
The relationship that children form with their parents depend on the nature of attraction as well as the personal characteristics of a child

22
Q

Elements of parent-child relationship

A
  1. Admiration
  2. Comradeship
  3. Trust
  4. Intimacy
  5. Emotional closeness
23
Q

Love relationships

A

Includes feelings of passion, sexual desire, closeness, fascination and caring
Not static, evolves over time