9 - Ortho (part 2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 9 - Ortho (part 2) Deck (18):
1

 

a.) Fat Embolism Syndrome (FES)             b.) Compartment Syndrome

c.) Fasciotomy                                            d.) Cast Syndrome

e.) Disuse Syndrome                                  f.) Skin Traction

g.) Skeletal Traction

Skin Traction

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2

Treatment for Fractures

Surgery of some type is required.

a.) Closed Reduction

b.) Open Reduction

c.) Open Reduction Internal Fixation

d.) Open Reduction External Fixation

Open Reduction

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3

Treatment for Fractures

Surgery that installs pins, plates, screws, nails, grafts, and/or implants.

a.) Closed Reduction

b.) Open Reduction

c.) Open Reduction Internal Fixation

d.) Open Reduction External Fixation

Open Reduction Internal Fixation

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4

Muscle atrophy from the muscles not being used.  Prevention includes: isometric exercises, tense/relax muscles in cast, ankle exercises, finger exercises, etc.

a.) Fat Embolism Syndrome (FES)             b.) Compartment Syndrome

c.) Fasciotomy                                            d.) Cast Syndrome

e.) Disuse Syndrome                                  f.) Skin Traction

g.) Skeletal Traction

Disuse Syndrome

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5

 

a.) Fat Embolism Syndrome (FES)             b.) Compartment Syndrome

c.) Fasciotomy                                            d.) Cast Syndrome

e.) Disuse Syndrome                                  f.) Skin Traction

g.) Skeletal Traction

Skeletal Traction

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6

Superior mesenteric artery syndrome (compression due to confinement in body cast).  Can cause decreased intestinal motility, and ileus can occur (due to decreased peristalsis).

a.) Fat Embolism Syndrome (FES)             b.) Compartment Syndrome

c.) Fasciotomy                                            d.) Cast Syndrome

e.) Disuse Syndrome                                  f.) Skin Traction

g.) Skeletal Traction

Cast Syndrome

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7

Treatment for Fractures

Casts, splints, braces, and/or traction.

a.) Closed Reduction

b.) Open Reduction

c.) Open Reduction Internal Fixation

d.) Open Reduction External Fixation

Open Reduction External Fixation

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8

Increased tissue pressure in small space, which compromises circulation.  If severe, requires a fasciotomy.  Commonly caused by poor cast care.

a.) Fat Embolism Syndrome (FES)             b.) Compartment Syndrome

c.) Fasciotomy                                            d.) Cast Syndrome

e.) Disuse Syndrome                                  f.) Skin Traction

g.) Skeletal Traction

Compartment Syndrome

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9

Surgical procedure to release constricting muscle fascia to relieve muscle tissue pressure.

a.) Fat Embolism Syndrome (FES)             b.) Compartment Syndrome

c.) Fasciotomy                                            d.) Cast Syndrome

e.) Disuse Syndrome                                  f.) Skin Traction

g.) Skeletal Traction

Fasciotomy

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10

Fat enters circulation through fracture site, which increases clotting and viscosity.

a.) Fat Embolism Syndrome (FES)             b.) Compartment Syndrome

c.) Fasciotomy                                            d.) Cast Syndrome

e.) Disuse Syndrome                                  f.) Skin Traction

g.) Skeletal Traction

Fat Embolism Syndrome (FES)

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11

Treatment for Fractures

Pop back in.

a.) Closed Reduction

b.) Open Reduction

c.) Open Reduction Internal Fixation

d.) Open Reduction External Fixation

Closed Reduction

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12

Treatment includes early immobilization, oxygenation, and hydration.

a.) Fat Embolism Syndrome (FES)             b.) Compartment Syndrome

c.) Fasciotomy                                            d.) Cast Syndrome

e.) Disuse Syndrome                              

Fat Embolism Syndrome

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13

S/S include having intensified pain with passive range of motion.  Elevate the leg first, and then administer pain medication.

a.) Fat Embolism Syndrome (FES)             b.) Compartment Syndrome

c.) Fasciotomy                                            d.) Cast Syndrome

e.) Disuse Syndrome                                  f.) Skin Traction

g.) Skeletal Traction

Compartment Syndrome

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14

Treatment includes using a bivalve cast and possibly a fasciotomy.

a.) Fat Embolism Syndrome (FES)             b.) Compartment Syndrome

c.) Fasciotomy                                            d.) Cast Syndrome

e.) Disuse Syndrome                              

Compartment Syndrome

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15

S/S include hypoxia, ALOC (restlessness, anxiety), and petechaie (48-72 hours after) on chest (not posterior).

a.) Fat Embolism Syndrome (FES)             b.) Compartment Syndrome

c.) Fasciotomy                                            d.) Cast Syndrome

e.) Disuse Syndrome                                  f.) Skin Traction

g.) Skeletal Traction

Fat Embolism Syndrome (FES)

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16

Treatment includes isometric exercises (clench fist, lift leg up/down).  Goal of treatment is prevention.

a.) Fat Embolism Syndrome (FES)             b.) Compartment Syndrome

c.) Fasciotomy                                            d.) Cast Syndrome

e.) Disuse Syndrome                              

Disuse Syndrome

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17

Treatment includes using an NG tube to decompress stomach, IV fluids until GI motility is restored, medications for N/V, and treating bowel gangrene (worst case scenario).

a.) Fat Embolism Syndrome (FES)             b.) Compartment Syndrome

c.) Fasciotomy                                            d.) Cast Syndrome

e.) Disuse Syndrome                              

Cast Syndrome

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18

S/S include decreased intestinal motility and possibly ileus.

a.) Fat Embolism Syndrome (FES)             b.) Compartment Syndrome

c.) Fasciotomy                                            d.) Cast Syndrome

e.) Disuse Syndrome                                  f.) Skin Traction

g.) Skeletal Traction

Cast Syndrome

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