9: Peripheral neuropathy Flashcards Preview

Neurology Week 5 2018/19 > 9: Peripheral neuropathy > Flashcards

Flashcards in 9: Peripheral neuropathy Deck (16)
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1

Which nerve pathologies affect

a) roots

b) plexuses

c) peripheral nerves

d) spinal cord

a) Radiculopathy

b) Plexopathy

c) Peripheral neuropathy

d) Myelopathy

2

Which nerve modalities can be affected by peripheral neuropathy?

Motor

Sensory

Autonomic

3

Peripheral nerves are (UMN/LMN), so which signs would you see?

LMNs

LMN signs

4

What is pseudoathetosis?

Proprioceptive drift, problem with large fibre sensory nerves

5

What is a classic example of peripheral mononeuropathy?

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Median nerve

6

What is a symmetrical peripheral neuropathy, associated with age, with a classic glove and stocking distribution?

Length dependent peripheral neuropathy

7

Which peripheral neuropathy presents as a patchy distribution of mononeuropathies?

Mononeuritis multiplex

8

Sciatica is an example of a ____.

radiculopathy

9

Can MS cause peripheral demyelination?

No, involves CNS only

10

An apical lung tumour causing diffuse upper arm weakness / paralysis would be an example of a ___.

plexopathy

brachial plexus compression

11

What is a demyelinating neuropathy which presents as acute-onset paralysis affecting the whole body (paraplegia) and pain?

Guillain-Barre syndrome

12

When do the symptoms of GBS peak?

2 weeks

13

Which infection has a strong association with the onset of GBS?

Campylobacter

causing a gastroenteritis

14

How is GBS treated?

Ig injections

Plasma exchange

Wait it out, make sure patient can be ventilated and keep an eye on ECG for arrythmias

15

HMSN

supposedly comes up in exams so look over it

16

How is

a) axonal i.e age-related

b) inflammatory

neuropathy treated?

a) Supportive; OT, physio etc.

b) Immunosuppression