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Flashcards in A Deck (46):
1

appointment

1.an arrangement for a meeting at an agreed time and place, for a particular purpose
2.when someone is chosen for a position or job
3.a job or position, usually involving some responsibility

2

absolute (a./n.)

1.complete or total
2.used to emphasize your opinion about something or someone
3.definite and not likely to change
4.not restricted or limited

1.something that is considered to be true or right in all situations

3

abstract (a./n./v.)

1.based on the general ideas or principle rather than specific examples or real events
2.抽象派的

1.抽象画
2.a short written statement containing only the most important ideas in a speech, article etc

1.写…摘要
2.to remove something from somewhere

4

accompany

1.to go somewhere with someone
2.to play a musical instrument while someone sings a song or plays the main tune
3.if a book, document etc accompanies something, it comes with it

5

account (n.)

1.a written or spoken description that says what happens in an event or process
2.an arrangement in which a bank keeps your money safe so that you can pay more in or take money out
3.a statement that shows how much money you owe for things you have bought from a shop

6

acknowledge

1.to admit or accept that something is true or that a situation exists
2.to publicly announce that you are grateful for the help that someone has given you
3.to let someone know that you have received something from them

7

address (n./v.)

1.a formal speech that someone makes to a group of people

1.if you address an envelope, package etc, you write on it the name and address of the person
2.if you address a problem, you start trying to solve it
3.to speak to someone directly
4.if you address remarks, complaints etc to someone, you say or write them directly to that person
5.称呼作

8

addmission

1.a statement in which you admit that something is true or that you have done something wrong
2.permission given to someone to enter a building or place or to become a member of a school, club etc
3.the process of allowing people to enter a university, institution etc or the number of people who can enter
4.the process of taking someone into a hospital for treatment, tests or care
5.the cost of entrance to a concert, sports event, cinema etc

9

admit

1.to agree unwillingly that something is true or that someone else is right
2.to say that you have done something wrong, especially something criminal
3.to allow someone to enter a public place to watch a game, performance etc
4.if people at a hospital admit someone, that person is taken in to be given treatment, tests or care

10

adopt

1.to take someone else's child into your home and legally become its parent
2.to start to deal with or think about something in a particular way or
3.to use a particular style of speaking, writing or behaving, especially one that you do not usually use
4.to formally approve a proposal, amendment etc, especially by voting
5.to choose a new name, country, custom etc especially to replace a previous one

11

advance (n./v./a.)

1.forward movement or progress of a group of people-used especially to talk about soldiers
2.预付款

1.前进,推进
2.预支
3.to do something that will help you achieve an advantage or success for yourself or someone else

12

affect

1.to make someone feel strong emotions
2.to pretend to have a particular feeling, way of speaking etc

13

alternative (a./n.)

1.an alternative idea, plan etc is different from the one you have and can be used instead
2.deliberately different from what is usual, expected or traditional

1.something you can choose to do or use instead of something else

14

apart

1.if things are a particular time apart, they do not happen at the same time but have that much time between them

15

appeal (n./v.)

1.an urgent request for something important
2.a formal request to a court or to someone in authority asking for a decision to be changed
3.a quality that makes people like something or someone

1.上诉;申诉
2.if someone or something appeals to you, they seem attractive and interesting

16

application

1.a formal, usually written, request for something such as a job, place at university, or permission to do something
2.the particular purpose for which a machine, idea etc can be used or a situation when this is used
3.应用程序
4.when you put something such as paint, liquid, medicine etc onto a surface
5.attention or effort over a long period of time

17

apply

1.to have an effect on or to concern a particular person, group or situation
2.应用,运用
3.to make something such as a piece of equipment operate, usually by pushing or pressing something
4.涂,敷

18

approach (v./n.)

1.to ask someone for something or ask them to do something, especially when you are asking them for the first time or when you are not sure if they will do it
2.to begin to deal with a situation or problem in a particular way or with a particular attitude

1.a method of doing something or dealing with a problem
2.a request from someone, asking you to do something for them
3.a road, path etc that leads to a place, and is the main way of reaching it

19

appropriate (a./v.)

1.to take something for yourself when you do not have the right to do this
2.to take something, especially money, to use for a particular purpose

20

arise

1.if a problem or difficult situation arises, it begins to happen
2.to get out of bed or stand up
3.if something arises when you are moving towards it, you are gradually able to see it as you move closer

21

artificial

1.not real or not made of natural things but made to be like something that is real or natural
2.an artificial situation or quality exists because someone has made it exist, and not because it is really necessary
3.artificial behavior is not sincere-used to show disapproval

22

aspect

1.one part of a situation, idea, plan etc that has many parts
2.the direction in which a window, room, front of a building etc faces
3.the appearance of someone or something

23

assess

1.to calculate the value or cost of something

24

assign

1.to give a particular time, value, place etc to something

25

associate (v./n./a.)

1.to show that you support someone or something

1.someone you work or do business with

26

assume

1.to think that something is true, although you do not have definite proof
2.to start to have control, responsibility etc or to start in a particular position or job
3.to start to have a particular quality or appearance

27

attach

1.to fasten or connect one object to another
2.to like someone or something very much, because you have known them or had them for a long time
3.if blame attaches or is attached to someone, they are responsible for something bad that happens
4.if a quality, idea etc attaches or is attached to a person, thing or event, it is connected with them

28

attend

1.to go to regularly to a school, church etc
2.to happen or exist at the same time as something
3.to look after someone, especially because they are ill

29

available

1.someone who is available is not busy and has enough time to talk to you

30

argue

1.to state, giving clear reasons, that something is true, should be done etc
2.to persuade someone to do or not do something

31

academic (a.)

1.relating to education, especially at college or university level
2.concerned with studying from books, as opposed to practical work
3.good at studying
4.if a discussion about something is academic, it is a waste of time because the speakers cannot change the existing situation

32

abstract (a./n./v.)

1.based on general ideas or principles rather than specific examples or real events
2.existing only as an idea or quality rather than as something real that you can see or touch
3.abstract paintings, designs etc consist of shapes and patterns that do not look like real people or things

1.a painting, design etc which contains shapes or images that do not look like real things or people
2.a short written statement containing only the most important ideas in a speech, article etc

1.to write a document containing the most important ideas or points from a speech, article etc
2.to remove something from somewhere

33

apparent (a.)

1.easy to notice
2.seeming to have a particular feeling or attitude, although this may not be true

34

anxiety

1.the feeling of being very worried about something
2.a feeling of wanting to do something very much

35

apparatus (n.)

1. the set of tools and machines that you use for a particular scientific, medical, or technical purpose
2. the way in which a lot of people are organized to work together to do a job or control a company or country

36

aerial (a./n.)

1. from a plane
2. in or moving through the air

1. a piece of equipment for receiving or sending radio or television signals, usually consisting of a piece of metal or wire
2. a sport in which someone goes down a mountain on skis and performs complicated jumps and turns in the air {+P.}

37

assert

1. to state firmly that something is true

38

analogous

1. similar to another situation or thing so that a comparison can be made [+ to/with ]

39

appraisal (n.)

1. a statement or opinion judging the worth, value, or condition of something [+ of ]
2. a meeting between a manager and a worker to discuss the quality of someone’s work and how well they do their job

40

arrogant

1.behaving in an unpleasant or rude way because you think you are more important than other people

41

assurance

1. a promise that something will definitely happen or is definitely true, made especially to make someone less worried
2. a feeling of calm confidence about your own abilities, or that you are right about something
3. insurance, especially to provide money when someone dies

42

avert

1. to prevent something unpleasant from happening

43

artery

1. one of the tubes that carries blood from your heart to the rest of your body
2. a main road, railway line, river etc

44

aggravate

1. to make a bad situation, an illness, or an injury worse
2. to make someone angry or annoyed

45

analogy

1.something that seems similar between two situations, processes etc [+ with/to/between ]

46

authentic

1. done or made in the traditional or original way
2. a painting, document, book etc that is authentic has been proved to be by a particular person
3. based on facts
4. used to describe a copy that is the same as, or as good as, the original