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Flashcards in S Deck (13):

stress (n./v.)

1.the physical force or pressure on an object
2.the special attention or importance given to a particular idea, fact, or activity

1.to emphasize a statement, fact, or idea



1.a large piece of thin cloth that you put on a bed to lie on or lie under
2.a piece of paper for writing on, or containing information
3.a thin flat piece of something such as metal or glass, that usually has four sides
4.a large flat area of something such as ice or water spread over a surface
5.a sheet of rain or fire is a very large moving mass of it


steer (a./v.)

1.steep prices, charges etc are unusually expansive
2.involving a big increase or decrease

1.to have a lot of a particular quality
2.to put food in a liquid and leave it there, so that it becomes soft or has the same taste as the liquid or so that it gives the liquid its taste



1.protection from bad things that could happen to you
2.the department of a company or organization that deals with the protection of its buildings and equipment
3.something such as property that you promise to give someone if you cannot pay back money you have borrowed from them


spot (n./v./a.)

1.a particular place or area, especially a pleasant place where you spend time with
2.a small mark on something, especially one that is made by a liquid
4.a short period of time when someone can speak or perform on radio or television
5.a position in a list of things or in a competition

1.to notice someone or something, especially when they are difficult to see or recognize


sum (n./v.)

1.an amount of money
2.the total produced when you add two or more numbers or amounts together


sack (n./v.)

2.when someone is dismissed from their job

1.to dismiss someone from their job



1.a single thin piece of thread, wire, hair etc
2.one of the parts of a story, idea, plan etc


scarce (a./adv.)

1.if something is scarce, there is not very much of it available

1.(scarcely) 几乎不


scale (n./v.)

1.the size or level of something, or the amount that something is happening
2.a whole range of different types of people or things, from the lowest level to the highest
3.[plural 复数] a machine for weighing people or objects
4.a system of numbers that is used for measuring the amount, speed, quality etc of something
5. a set of marks with regular spaces between them on a tool that is used for measuring, or on the side of a mathematical drawing
6.the relationship between the size of a map, drawing, or model and the actual size of the place or thing that it represents
8.one of the small flat pieces of skin that cover the bodies of fish, snakes etc

1.to climb to the top of something that is high and difficult to climb
2. to make writing or a picture the right size for a particular purpose


shift (v./n.)

1.to move from one place or position to another, or make something do this
2.to move something, especially by picking it up and carrying it
3.to change a situation, discussion etc by giving special attention to one idea or subject instead of to a previous one
4.if someone’s opinions, beliefs etc shift, they change
5.to make someone else responsible for something, especially for something bad that has happened
6.to change the way that money is paid or spent
7.to remove dirt or marks from a surface or piece of clothing
9.to sell a product, especially a lot of it

1.a change in the way people think about something, in the way something is done etc
2.if workers in a factory, hospital etc work shifts, they work for a particular period of time during the day or night, and are then replaced by others, so that there are always people working
3.the workers who work during one of these periods


spare (a./v./n.)

1.a key etc that you keep in addition to the one you usually use, so that it is available if the one you usually use breaks, gets lost etc
2.not being used or not needed at the present time
3.time when you are not working
4.coins of little value that you do not need and can give to other people
5.a spare style of writing, painting etc is
plain or basic and uses nothing unnecessary
6.someone who is spare is tall and thin

1.to make something such as time, money, or workers available for someone, especially when this is difficult for you to do
2.to prevent someone from having to experience something difficult or unpleasant
3.to not damage or harm someone or something, even though other people or things are being damaged, killed, or destroyed

1.an additional thing, for example a key, that you keep so that it is available
2.[plural 复数] (车辆或机器)零件,备件



1. the place where something is or where something happens, and the general environment [+ for ]
2. the place or time where the events in a book, film etc happen [+ for ]
3. the position in which you put the controls on a machine or instrument
4. the metal that holds a stone in a piece of jewellery, or the way the stone is fixed
5. music that is written to go with a poem, prayer etc