A401.2 Wildland Fire Response (01-01-2014) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in A401.2 Wildland Fire Response (01-01-2014) Deck (62):
1

The Wildland Fire Response policy reflects this concept of response that has been introduced to the Central Texas region:

Strike team/Task force concept

2

The definitions used in the Wildland Fire Response policy are aligned with these 2 groups/systems:

1. National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG)

2. National Incident Management System (NIMS)

3

This is one of the safest methods of operation given the nature of direct fire attack, and is the preferred way to fight a wildland fire:

Fighting from the black

4

Apparatus not designed for off-road use will not be driven:

Off of any improved roadways

5

Who will determine when lesser levels of PPE will be allowed?

Incident Command

6

What are the 4 Wildland alarm types?

1. Grass

2. Light Brush

3. Brush

4. Brush 2nd

7

What alarm type would be appropriate for a grass fire in the median of a roadway?

Grass

8

This type of alarm is for small fires involving natural vegetation such as grass, brush, bushes and/or trees, with little potential for expansion and minor access issues:

Light Brush

9

What type of alarm would be appropriate for wildland fires in heavy fuels (brush, trees, etc.)?

Brush

10

What type of alarm would be appropriate for grass fires covering large areas or spreading rapidly?

Brush

11

What type of alarm would be appropriate for any wildland fire with access issues that may contribute to fire expansion?

Brush

12

What type of alarm would be appropriate for any wildland fire with significant potential to spread or threaten exposures?

Brush

13

What type of alarm would be appropriate for a grass fire where the caller indicates an extremely small area in short fuels?

Grass

14

These types of alarms will be requested by on scene command in the event more resources are needed to mitigate the incident:

Brush 2nd

15

What are 3 examples of when command may want to upgrade a brush alarm to a brush 2nd?

1. Large wildland fires with major mop-up

2. Fast moving fires outrunning on scene resources

3. Extended incidents in which on scene crews need rehab

16

What resource group will be requested by on scene command in the event resources are needed to protect structures from a wildfire?

Wildland/Urban Interface Task Force

17

When requesting a WUI, command should also provide dispatch with these 2 pieces of info:

1. A location for the WUI response

2. Indicate if additional radio channels are needed

18

For immediate exposure protection, a WUI Task Force may respond directly to the assigned location and begin:

Defensive measures

19

For out of area responses, the WUI task force may be assigned to a _______ ________ until the arrival of the ________ ________ __________:

-Rally point

-Task Force Leader

20

For out of area responses, the WUI Task Force will operate together at all times under the direction of:

The Task Force Leader

21

The Strike Team concept provides "______-______" work units that come with a _______ _______ _______ ready to be assigned a section, branch, division, or group:

-Ready-made

-Strike Team Leader

22

When requesting a strike team, command must also provide dispatch with these 2 pieces of info:

1. A location for the response

2. Indicate if any additional radio channels are needed

23

How many units are in a strike team?

5 units

24

Alpha division is the area immediately:

To the left of the heel

25

Zulu division is the area immediately:

To the right of the heel

26

What should happen if a Task Force Leader becomes a Division/Group supervisor?

The Task Force Leader position needs to be filled

27

What will be used at all times while working at a wildland fire incident?

Emergency lighting and headlights

28

The initial radio size-up from command should include these 5 things:

1. Assumption of command

2. Identify the primary fire ground channel

3. Identify the approximate size of the fire

4. State what action is being taken by the company

5. Direct other responding companies' actions

29

What (5) additional size-up info should be announced?

1. Known exposures

2. Location of the head

3. Fuel loading

4. Pertinent access points

5. Current weather conditions

30

Orientation at a wildland fire is accomplished by giving directions in relation to:

The origin of the fire

31

An easy way to orient yourself on the scene is to:

Imagine yourself standing in the burned area with the wind to your back

32

What are the 3 main influences on wildland fire behavior?

1. Weather

2. Topography

3. Fuels

33

What are (5) signs of extreme fire behavior?

1. Rapid rate of spread

2. Intense burning with high flame lengths

3. Spotting

4. Torching

5. Crowning

34

Define spotting:

A fire producing sparks or embers that are carried by the wind and start new fires beyond the zone of direct ignition by the main fire

35

Define torching:

The burning of the foliage of a single tree or a small group of trees

36

Define Crowning:

Where the fire is advancing from tree top to tree top, independent of the surface fire

37

What does "LCES" stand for?

-Lookout

-Communications

-Escape routes

-Safety zones

38

Before accepting an assignment at an extended wildland fire event, a thorough briefing based on the:

Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG) briefing checklist

39

What acronym other than LCES is used at wildland fires?

RECEO

40

What are the 3 methods of attack in wildland fire fighting?

1. Direct

2. Indirect

3. Parallel

41

What should be established when beginning a direct attack?

An anchor point

42

What (4) factors should be considered when selecting an anchor point?

1. Weather

2. Topography

3. Fuel load

4. Fuel type

43

A direct attack on the head of the fire should only be undertaken when these 2 things have been addressed:

1. Adequate resources have been assembled

2. A risk/benefit analysis indicates it is advisable

44

During a direct attack, it is critical to continually check for:

Spot fires

45

An indirect attack involves:

Holding the fire at a feature that will contain it

46

Indirect attack should be considered when (2):

1. No exposures are threatened

2. Fires that have access problems

47

What is the minimum fireline size?

Twice as wide as the height of the predominant fuels

48

What is a major concern during "holding" operations?

Spot fires

49

A parallel attack involves:

Constructing a fireline by working along the flanks from an anchor point

50

When initiating a parallel attack, the distance from the control line is dependent on:

Fire intensity

51

While working with brush trucks, an effort should be made by command to work the brush trucks:

In tandem

52

Crews responding in brush trucks shall wear fire shelters during:

Attack and mop-up

53

These should be used for high-points and lookouts:

Aerials

54

Who shall be contacted by fire dispatch for aircraft and firefighting bulldozers?

Texas Forest Service (TFS)

55

The officer requesting assistance from Texas Forest Service needs to provide dispatch with a:

Phone number

56

Which section of the IRPG outlines procedures for aircraft use?

The blue section

57

What 3 purposes do aircraft have?

1. Observation

2. Crew transport

3. Water/retardant delivery

58

Aircraft suppression efforts should be followed with:

Ground force actions

59

Air operations communications will commonly be on a:

Separate frequency

60

A dozer crew is made up of:

A dozer operator and dozer boss

61

Firefighters assigned to TFS dozers should:

Make contact with the dozer boss and maintain contact with the Division Supervisor at all times

62

TFS radios operate on what frequencies?

VHF

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