The Wildland Fire Response policy reflects this concept of response that has been introduced to the Central Texas region:
Strike team/Task force concept
The definitions used in the Wildland Fire Response policy are aligned with these 2 groups/systems:
1. National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG)
2. National Incident Management System (NIMS)
This is one of the safest methods of operation given the nature of direct fire attack, and is the preferred way to fight a wildland fire:
Fighting from the black
Apparatus not designed for off-road use will not be driven:
Off of any improved roadways
Who will determine when lesser levels of PPE will be allowed?
What are the 4 Wildland alarm types?
2. Light Brush
4. Brush 2nd
What alarm type would be appropriate for a grass fire in the median of a roadway?
This type of alarm is for small fires involving natural vegetation such as grass, brush, bushes and/or trees, with little potential for expansion and minor access issues:
What type of alarm would be appropriate for wildland fires in heavy fuels (brush, trees, etc.)?
What type of alarm would be appropriate for grass fires covering large areas or spreading rapidly?
What type of alarm would be appropriate for any wildland fire with access issues that may contribute to fire expansion?
What type of alarm would be appropriate for any wildland fire with significant potential to spread or threaten exposures?
What type of alarm would be appropriate for a grass fire where the caller indicates an extremely small area in short fuels?
These types of alarms will be requested by on scene command in the event more resources are needed to mitigate the incident:
What are 3 examples of when command may want to upgrade a brush alarm to a brush 2nd?
1. Large wildland fires with major mop-up
2. Fast moving fires outrunning on scene resources
3. Extended incidents in which on scene crews need rehab
What resource group will be requested by on scene command in the event resources are needed to protect structures from a wildfire?
Wildland/Urban Interface Task Force
When requesting a WUI, command should also provide dispatch with these 2 pieces of info:
1. A location for the WUI response
2. Indicate if additional radio channels are needed
For immediate exposure protection, a WUI Task Force may respond directly to the assigned location and begin:
For out of area responses, the WUI task force may be assigned to a _______ ________ until the arrival of the ________ ________ __________:
-Task Force Leader
For out of area responses, the WUI Task Force will operate together at all times under the direction of:
The Task Force Leader
The Strike Team concept provides "______-______" work units that come with a _______ _______ _______ ready to be assigned a section, branch, division, or group:
-Strike Team Leader
When requesting a strike team, command must also provide dispatch with these 2 pieces of info:
1. A location for the response
2. Indicate if any additional radio channels are needed
How many units are in a strike team?
Alpha division is the area immediately:
To the left of the heel
Zulu division is the area immediately:
To the right of the heel
What should happen if a Task Force Leader becomes a Division/Group supervisor?
The Task Force Leader position needs to be filled
What will be used at all times while working at a wildland fire incident?
Emergency lighting and headlights
The initial radio size-up from command should include these 5 things:
1. Assumption of command
2. Identify the primary fire ground channel
3. Identify the approximate size of the fire
4. State what action is being taken by the company
5. Direct other responding companies' actions
What (5) additional size-up info should be announced?
1. Known exposures
2. Location of the head
3. Fuel loading
4. Pertinent access points
5. Current weather conditions
Orientation at a wildland fire is accomplished by giving directions in relation to:
The origin of the fire
An easy way to orient yourself on the scene is to:
Imagine yourself standing in the burned area with the wind to your back
What are the 3 main influences on wildland fire behavior?
What are (5) signs of extreme fire behavior?
1. Rapid rate of spread
2. Intense burning with high flame lengths
A fire producing sparks or embers that are carried by the wind and start new fires beyond the zone of direct ignition by the main fire
The burning of the foliage of a single tree or a small group of trees
Where the fire is advancing from tree top to tree top, independent of the surface fire
What does "LCES" stand for?
Before accepting an assignment at an extended wildland fire event, a thorough briefing based on the:
Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG) briefing checklist
What acronym other than LCES is used at wildland fires?
What are the 3 methods of attack in wildland fire fighting?
What should be established when beginning a direct attack?
An anchor point
What (4) factors should be considered when selecting an anchor point?
3. Fuel load
4. Fuel type
A direct attack on the head of the fire should only be undertaken when these 2 things have been addressed:
1. Adequate resources have been assembled
2. A risk/benefit analysis indicates it is advisable
During a direct attack, it is critical to continually check for:
An indirect attack involves:
Holding the fire at a feature that will contain it
Indirect attack should be considered when (2):
1. No exposures are threatened
2. Fires that have access problems
What is the minimum fireline size?
Twice as wide as the height of the predominant fuels
What is a major concern during "holding" operations?
A parallel attack involves:
Constructing a fireline by working along the flanks from an anchor point
When initiating a parallel attack, the distance from the control line is dependent on:
While working with brush trucks, an effort should be made by command to work the brush trucks:
Crews responding in brush trucks shall wear fire shelters during:
Attack and mop-up
These should be used for high-points and lookouts:
Who shall be contacted by fire dispatch for aircraft and firefighting bulldozers?
Texas Forest Service (TFS)
The officer requesting assistance from Texas Forest Service needs to provide dispatch with a:
Which section of the IRPG outlines procedures for aircraft use?
The blue section
What 3 purposes do aircraft have?
2. Crew transport
3. Water/retardant delivery
Aircraft suppression efforts should be followed with:
Ground force actions
Air operations communications will commonly be on a:
A dozer crew is made up of:
A dozer operator and dozer boss
Firefighters assigned to TFS dozers should:
Make contact with the dozer boss and maintain contact with the Division Supervisor at all times
TFS radios operate on what frequencies?