A101.4 Fireground Operations (09/01/2016)* Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in A101.4 Fireground Operations (09/01/2016)* Deck (167):
1

Fire attack should be closely coordinated with:

Ventilation

2

This IMS assignment will normally be assumed by the captain or company officer performing Outside truck work

Outside Division

3

While using the backup line to protect firefighters egress, High priority should be given to protecting:

Interior stairways, especially when search crews are above the fire floor without a hose line

4

All firefighting operations and emergency scene operations shall be conducted under the direction of an _____________ _______________?

Incident Commander

5

When would a blitz attack not be appropriate (3)?

1. An interior attack on an incipient fire can be made safely

2. The rescue of a victim would be negatively impacted

3. The location of the fire is unknown

6

A utility apparatus that carries specialized rescue tools and equipment and is staffed with 4 members who maintain advanced levels of training and expertise in technical rescue disciplines:

Rescue Unit

7

A subset of a single company comprised of 2 or more individuals who have been assigned a common task, are in communication with each other, coordinate their activities as a work group and support the safety of one another:

Team

8

Fire flow is the:

Expected maximum amount of water (stated in gpm) needed to supply the various nozzles required to control and extinguish any given fire problem

9

Any structure with evidence of fire upon arrival of AFD shall consider this in regard to water supply:

A minimum of 2 separate water scources

10

We risk nothing...

To save nothing

11

When assigning divisions, the sides of the building a divided in a __________ direction starting with the ________ side of the building:

-Clockwise

-Address

12

When dividing an incident scene by means other than starting at the address side, _________ ___________ should never be used to avoid confusion.

Compass directions

13

Groups are responsible for:

Specific tactical functions

14

It is good practice to place the aerial so as to access:

more than one side

15

The rapid mental evaluation of factors that affect an incident. Continuous process.

Size-up

16

A possible disadvantage to an indirect fog attack is:

The close proximity to the fire and the subsequent generation of large volumes of steam

17

These (3) benchmarks should be reported by command to dispatch to indicate progress of the Incident stabilization Incident priority:

1. Fire knocked down

2. Fire under control

3. Fire extinguished

18

Points of reference from which measurement toward the achievement of the incident priorities can be made:

Benchmarks

19

All Fire ground operations will be conducted under an?

Incident Management System (ICS)

20

When requesting a multiple alarm, command should announce:

The incident base and/or staging area location, and ensure companies responding are provided their response location on the alternate radio channel

21

NIMS recognizes these 3 designations to denote fire ground work groups:

1. Branch

2. Division

3. Group

22

This IMS assignment will normally be assumed by the captain or company officer performing inside truck work:

Inside Division

23

A quint should position so that ___ tactical functions can be accomplished?

2

24

When utilizing the combination attack, you can apply the fire stream to the burning material as well as the upper atmosphere by moving the fire stream in these patterns:

Z, T, or clockwise O

25

What color is the command post beacon?

Green

26

Basements should be designated as __________, and numbered ___________ for additional levels below grade beginning with _____________ __:

-Subdivisions

-Downward

-Subdivision 1

27

A hot lap should be performed using a ______? 

TIC

28

Heavy black smoke, smoke tunneling, and a rapid in rush of air may indicate a __________ __________ fire?

ventilation controlled

29

Fire load consists of:

The combustible structural elements and the combustible contents subject to a single fire loss

30

A technique that compares the relative risk associated with a particular strategy or tactic with the expected gain or benefit of employing such a strategy or tactic:

Risk/benefit analysis

31

The fire ground tactics of Forcible entry, Horizontal ventilation, primary search, checking for fire extension, and salvage. May be performed by any company:

Inside Truck Work

32

The 1000/1000 rule is:

When supplying 1000 gpm or greater, or when the attack engine is 1000 feet from the hydrant or greater, a pumping app should be placed at the hydrant to relay pump

33

__________ attack is often employed when a large flow is required to counteract the high gas output of burning solid materials, thus cooling the major source of combustible gas production:

Direct attack

34

A fog or "power cone" should never be used for blitz attack due to:

The negative impact it will have on the flow path of the fire, forcing the smoke and heat to move toward the interior of the structure.

35

In investigation mode, the 2nd in aerial app should initially:

standby at a location where they could re-position if needed.

36

________ zones should be considered when positioning apparatus:

Colapse

37

The tactical functions of Outside truck work, exposure protection, water supply, RIC, and defensive operations readiness are performed in this area:

Outside Division

38

What are the (5) Tactical/Task benchmarks that should be communicated:

1. Assumption or acknowledgment of assignment

2. Completion of assignment

3. Inability to complete assignment

4. Any significant delay in completing assignment

5. The need for more resources to complete an assignment.

39

The RIC is responsible for:

Monitoring the fire ground for firefighter safety and performing proactive functions to reduce risk to firefighters

40

What is it called when an engine lays hose from the scene to a hydrant?

Reverse lay

41

These benchmarks should be reported by command to dispatch to indicate progress of the property conservation Incident priority:

Salvage complete

42

All personnel (including staff personnel) responding on a multiple alarm must check in at the:

CP or staging, unless already given an assignment from command

43

In defensive mode, the first pumping app and first aerial app will respond to the scene and:

begin exterior operations

44

__________ attack could involve ricocheting a solid or straight stream of water off an object (wall, ceiling and furnishings) onto the seat of the fire or superheated area above a fire:

Direct attack

45

Divisions may be assigned to ________ or _________ geographic areas.

Vertical or horizontal

46

Search should begin in areas where victims are most likely located such as these 3 areas:

1. Bedrooms

2. Hallways

3. Near windows and doors

47

List the (3) incident priorities in order by priority.

1. Life Safety

2. Incident Stabalization

3. Property Conservation

48

The 2nd arriving aerial app captain on scene of a defensive fire will normally be assigned the division:

at the rear of the structure

49

Later arriving aerial apparatus should consider positioning for?

exposure protection and possible aerial use

50

A team must have a radio and a ________ _________ given by the officer?

Radio designation (Q27 Salvage team, Q3 search team)

51

Strategies and tactics should be designed with the __________ ___________ as the overall focus for the emergency operation?

Incident Priorities

52

Proper ventilation is often most easily achieved by:

PPV

53

The first captain on scene of an offensive fire attack will ensure that these (4) primary functions are assigned:

1. Fire attack

2. Backup

3. Inside Truck Work

4. Water Supply

54

Considering resources during multiple alarms, when should another alarm be called?

When the last pumping app is committed

55

A Team of at least 2 firefighters who are in the same level of protective equipment as the fire attack team, who have deployed a backup hose line, and are in position to provide protection and/or rescue a downed firefighter:

Backup Team

56

In defensive mode, position apparatus outside of the _______ ________ before LDH lines are laid and charged:

collapse zones

57

The fire flow formula is:

The area involved (length x width) divided by 3, multiplied by the number of floors

58

Using a solid or straight stream to quickly knock down a fire from the exterior prior to an interior attack:

Blitz Attack

59

In all cases, the water sources must be able to provide:

The fire flow needed to extinguish the fire

60

Water supply shall be adequate enough to meet the expected:

Fire flow required

61

Having the mechanical ability, equipment, and personnel required for a tactical function:

Apparatus Capability

62

If a hose line that was deployed as the backup line is used for any other reason:

Command must be notified and another line should be deployed as the backup

63

Most structure fires will be in a ____________ controlled state when firefighters arrive on scene?

Ventilation

64

To maximize a hydrant:

Place a 2 1/2 gate valve on the hydrant

65

In order for a blitz attack to work effectively, the volume of water delivered must:

supply greater cooling capacity than the amount of heat the fire is generating.

66

We risk a little, within a structured plan...

to save savable property

67

Primary search includes searching for both:

1. Victims

2. Fire extension

68

In defensive mode, the 2nd Aerial and rescue should:

Stand by and await orders from command

69

When blitz attack is used, the mode of operation is normally considered to be:

Offensive mode

70

In Offensive mode, The first in pumping app and first arriving Ladder/Quint/Rescue should initially:

-Respond to the scene 

-conduct sizeup 

-perform blitz if timely

-determine ventilation method

-establish proper flow paths

-begin interior operations

71

This attack is a blend of the direct and indirect fire attack methods, with firefighters applying water to both the fuel and the atmosphere of the room:

Combination attack

72

The first-in Company Officer is responsible for providing an initial radio report of:

size-up conditions

73

Internal areas (inside the structure) can be designated using:

Division plus the number of the floor. (Ex. Division 6= Sixth floor)

74

When laddering the building, and a full search of a room cannot be completed, a sweep of this area should be performed as a minimum:

Under the windowsill

75

This mode of operation is primarily characterized by exterior activities to confine and extinguish the fire, which are not necessarily passive but designed to minimize risk to personnel:

Defensive operations

76

The ______ ________ is the subject matter expert on utility control and should be consulted for additional info:

Rescue specialist

77

Ensure that ventilation is:

Coordinated with fire attack

78

NIMS uses ________ for geographic areas and _______ for specific functions:

-Division

-Group

79

The fire ground tactics of Laddering, Horizontal and vertical ventilation, additional forcible entry, utility control, and salvage. May be performed by any company:

Outside Truck Work

80

The methods (ways of delivery) used to employ a blitz attack include:

-Deck gun

-Rapid attack monitor

-Pre-connected hose line

-Bundle

81

The main reason for the 2nd pumping app to respond directly to the scene is to:

position the backup team early in the incident

82

Fire load is usually expressed in terms of:

Weight of the combustible material per square foot of floor space

83

The first captain on scene of a defensive fire will ensure that these primary tactical functions are assigned:

exposure protection water supply

84

The second in engine should position to:

to transfer tank water to the first pumper and to be used as the dedicated RIC engine

85

__________ attack with straight or solid streams may also be effective where reach is a primary consideration:

Direct attack

86

In the Offensive mode, the 2nd arriving pumping app should initially:

Respond to the scene, deploy 2nd hoseline, prepare for backup

87

___________ attack is used when a room is in post flashover conditions, with flames fully encompassing the room and obscuring the seat of the fire:

Combination attack

88

This attack is used when firefighters can locate and direct the fire stream on the seat of the fire:

Direct attack

89

To place an apparatus at a designated location, perform any needed activities associated with standing by at a location and maintain a state of readiness until an assignment is recieved:

Standby

90

The 3rd and 4th engine should position:

At a hydrant and report their location to command

91

It is good practice to spot the aerial __________ structures if positioning for exposure protection:

Between

92

The first arriving aerial app captain on scene of a defensive fire will normally be assigned the division:

In front of the structure

93

When laddering a building for secondary means of egress, put the ladders with the tips:

Just above the windowsill to allow for the easiest and quickest exit for firefighters

94

When dividing an incident scene by a means other than starting at the address side, a ________ __ ________ that is easily seen should be used:

Point of referrence

95

_________ Occurs when a structure fire's growth is limited by the available oxygen?

Ventilation controlled fire state

96

Size-up should address the following 3 basic questions:

1. What do I have?

2. Where is it going?

3. What can I do to control it?

97

The initial size-up radio report should contain these 5 elements:

1. Assumption of command

2. Announcement of fireground channel

3. Summary of current conditions

4. Current actions being taken

5. Directions for incoming companies

98

Outside the fire area of the structure:

Outside Division

99

What are each objective of the acronym RECEOVS?

Rescue

Exposure

Confinement

Extinguishment

Overhaul

Ventilation

Salvage

100

The outside captain should direct these operations:

outside truck work

exposure protection

water supply

RIC

Defensive operations readiness

101

A blitz attack is appropriate when:

1. Visible flames or heavy black smoke venting

2. Resources do not allow 2 in 2 out

3. The time to prepare for fire attack will allow the fire to:

a. Reach a ventilation controlled state

b. Reach Flashover

c. Extend into uninvolved rooms

d. Extend to structural components

e. Extend to exposures

102

Defensive strategies should focus on:

personnel safety and incident stabilization

103

A team must be given a _______ level assignment only?

Task

104

______________ __________ Type of command that may be utilized during multi-agency/multi-jurisdictional incidents:

Unified Command

105

The fire load it the:

Expected maximum amount of combustible material in a single fire area

106

In order for a combination attack to work, the fire stream must:

Penetrate the flames and heat to reach the burning material and be either a solid, straight stream, or fog less than 30 degrees

107

Groups are not limited to specific:

Geographic areas

108

Who shall ensure the incident is adequately divided and that division supervisors are assigned?

Incident Commander and/or the Operations chief

109

What must be identified before any roof operations are undertaken for vertical ventilation?

The roof type and condition

110

The primary goal of a blitz attack is to:

Hold the fire in check so that interior attack can be made under more tenable conditions

111

All personnel with functional area responsibilities will wear:

Incident identification vests

112

Where should the first pumping apparatus should position:

completely past the attack entrance

113

What are the modes of operation at a fire?

Investigative (Although not a traditional mode)

Offensive

Defensive

Transitional

114

The secondary reason for the 2nd pumping app to respond directly to the scene is to:

setup as dedicated RIC engine

115

Position ground ladders at a ________ degree angle:

60 degree

116

When protecting exposures, crews assigned to guard against fire extension via a partition wall or fire wall shall not abandon their position unless:

They are relieved or the area becomes untenable. If it is untenable, command must be notified

117

Firefighters should place these over the top rung and hung into the window to help identify an exit:

A light stick or box light

118

The preferred method of sizing-up an emergency scene is to perform a _________ _________?

Hot Lap

119

In defensive mode, the 2nd in pumping app should respond to the scene and:

prepare to establish a large flow water supply

120

Operations that are conducted as the incident strategy is switched from offensive to defensive or defensive to offensive operations:

Transitional mode

121

What (4) factors should BCs take into consideration when establishing the command post?

wind direction

topography

ease of being located

weather protection

122

A rescue arriving on scene after inside truck has been assigned will report on scene and:

stand by for assignment

123

When assigning division/group responsibilities, the Ops chief of command should:

Brief the division/group supervisor on the goals of the operation and the specific objectives to accomplish in that division of group and ensure that the division/group officer is aware of the resources assigned. The supervisor should also be assigned a radio designation

124

Pre-connected hose lines are an effective tool for:

Quick fire attack immediately effect rescue Protect a means of egress Protect exposures

125

All multiple alarm incidents should have a __________ _____________ as the incident commander?

Chief Officer

126

When controlling utilities, water should be turned off if it:

Is causing additional property damage

127

Hose line selection should be adequate for the particular strategy and tactic. For a hose line to be considered adequate, it must have:

the length and flow capabilities that are required

128

When protecting exposures, streams should be flowed:

Directly onto the exposure cooling the surface

129

These (5) benchmarks should be reported by command to dispatch to indicate progress of the (Firefighter) Life Safety Incident priority:

1. Outside team is established

2. Entry size-up

3. Backup team is established and their location

4. RIC is established and their location

5. Safety Officer is assigned and the name of the person

130

Companies should "_________ for _________" as necessary while searching?

Vent for life

131

For each exposure, add ___% of the calculated fire flow to the fire flow, and includes this area as an exposure:

25% includes the exposed floor above the fire that is not involved

132

The first due aerial apparatus should position for?

Position ladder for rescue

133

This mode of operation is characterized by an aggressive interior attack:

Offensive

134

In defensive mode, what tactics that may require entry into the structure?

VEIS Cut-off line placement

135

When is the only time interior operations can begin without 2 in 2 out?

In the immediate need for rescue

136

The path between an inlet opening and an exhaust opening that allows the movement of heat and smoke from a higher pressure are within a fire area towards lower pressure areas accessible via doors, windows and other openings:

Flow Path

137

During defensive operations, special consideration should be given to keep personnel out of:

collapse zones

138

The tactical functions of fire attack, inside truck work, backup lines, overhaul, and secondary search are performed in this area.

Inside Division

139

The minimum amount of the sides of a building including the fire side that should be observed for an accurate size-up:

3

140

When switching water sources, be sure to notify:

Command

141

Incidents should be _____________ divided as early in the incident as possible?

geographically

142

Incident identification vests are located:

In all BC vehicles

143

Other options as opposed to entering a ventilation controlled fire include:

Different Entry point

Additional venting

Cooling with fire streams from a safe location

144

These (2) benchmarks should be reported by command to dispatch to indicate progress of the (Civilian) Life Safety Incident priority:

1. Primary search complete

2. Secondary Search complete

145

The 2nd in engine driver can help connect the fire attack engine to a hydrant instead of transferring the tank if the location of the hydrant is _________ feet away or less?

50

146

In Investigation mode, who will initially report to the scene to investigate?

First pumping apparatus

First Aerial

Rescue

BC

147

In investigative mode, the 2nd in pumping app should initially:

Respond to the scene to establish backup

148

What kind of apparatus should always be held in reserve at a major incident?

Pumping apparatus

149

This info is used by the officer to measure task progress?

Task benchmark Info

150

An advantage of the indirect fog attack is:

The lessened property damage from excessive water and the preservation of the scene for investigative purposes

151

The _________ attack is a common method typically utilized in smaller enclosed compartment fires and should only be utilized when no firefighters or civilians are present in the compartment:

Indirect attack

152

The water group supervisor is responsible for determining:

The water source and supply method

153

__________ are major components within the operations section, established when the number of groups/divisions exceed the recommended span of control:

Branches

154

Conduct the search of victims beginning at the:

Place of most danger and moving toward a means of safe egress

155

A vehicle equipped with an aerial ladder or platform:

Aerial Apparatus

156

At a defensive fire, achieving the necessary ______ _____ is a high priority?

Fire flow

157

The (3) most widely used methods of fire attack and water application with a hand line are:

1. Direct attack

2. Indirect attack

3. Combinataion attack

158

What does NIMS stand for:

National Incident Management System

159

A backup hose line should be deployed to the:

Same entrance that the fire attack team entered and positioned to best protect the fire attack team, usually just outside of the IDLH

160

A disadvantage of a direct attack is:

The possibility of increased property damage from excessive water and stream pressure damage.

161

Division Inside the fire area of the structure:

Inside Division

162

We risk a lot, within a structured plan...

to save a savable life

163

According to Texas law, and AFD policy, whenever an offensive attack is made on an interior structure fire:

Two firefighters must remain outside of the IDLH atmosphere and monitor the firefighters inside the structure

164

Examples of water sources include:

Hydrants 

Pumping apparatus water tanks

static sources like lakes or ponds

165

This attack is most often accomplished utilizing a fog pattern directed into an area of super-heated gases and smoke above the fire:

Indirect attack

166

The blitz attack should no longer be used when:

interior attack is intitiated

167

A _____ shall be conducted anytime an incident strategy goes from offensive to defensive mode?

PAR

Decks in Policies Section A Class (49):