Fire attack should be closely coordinated with:
This IMS assignment will normally be assumed by the captain or company officer performing Outside truck work
While using the backup line to protect firefighters egress, High priority should be given to protecting:
Interior stairways, especially when search crews are above the fire floor without a hose line
All firefighting operations and emergency scene operations shall be conducted under the direction of an _____________ _______________?
When would a blitz attack not be appropriate (3)?
1. An interior attack on an incipient fire can be made safely
2. The rescue of a victim would be negatively impacted
3. The location of the fire is unknown
A utility apparatus that carries specialized rescue tools and equipment and is staffed with 4 members who maintain advanced levels of training and expertise in technical rescue disciplines:
A subset of a single company comprised of 2 or more individuals who have been assigned a common task, are in communication with each other, coordinate their activities as a work group and support the safety of one another:
Fire flow is the:
Expected maximum amount of water (stated in gpm) needed to supply the various nozzles required to control and extinguish any given fire problem
Any structure with evidence of fire upon arrival of AFD shall consider this in regard to water supply:
A minimum of 2 separate water scources
We risk nothing...
To save nothing
When assigning divisions, the sides of the building a divided in a __________ direction starting with the ________ side of the building:
When dividing an incident scene by means other than starting at the address side, _________ ___________ should never be used to avoid confusion.
Groups are responsible for:
Specific tactical functions
It is good practice to place the aerial so as to access:
more than one side
The rapid mental evaluation of factors that affect an incident. Continuous process.
A possible disadvantage to an indirect fog attack is:
The close proximity to the fire and the subsequent generation of large volumes of steam
These (3) benchmarks should be reported by command to dispatch to indicate progress of the Incident stabilization Incident priority:
1. Fire knocked down
2. Fire under control
3. Fire extinguished
Points of reference from which measurement toward the achievement of the incident priorities can be made:
All Fire ground operations will be conducted under an?
Incident Management System (ICS)
When requesting a multiple alarm, command should announce:
The incident base and/or staging area location, and ensure companies responding are provided their response location on the alternate radio channel
NIMS recognizes these 3 designations to denote fire ground work groups:
This IMS assignment will normally be assumed by the captain or company officer performing inside truck work:
A quint should position so that ___ tactical functions can be accomplished?
When utilizing the combination attack, you can apply the fire stream to the burning material as well as the upper atmosphere by moving the fire stream in these patterns:
Z, T, or clockwise O
What color is the command post beacon?
Basements should be designated as __________, and numbered ___________ for additional levels below grade beginning with _____________ __:
A hot lap should be performed using a ______?
Heavy black smoke, smoke tunneling, and a rapid in rush of air may indicate a __________ __________ fire?
Fire load consists of:
The combustible structural elements and the combustible contents subject to a single fire loss
A technique that compares the relative risk associated with a particular strategy or tactic with the expected gain or benefit of employing such a strategy or tactic:
The fire ground tactics of Forcible entry, Horizontal ventilation, primary search, checking for fire extension, and salvage. May be performed by any company:
Inside Truck Work
The 1000/1000 rule is:
When supplying 1000 gpm or greater, or when the attack engine is 1000 feet from the hydrant or greater, a pumping app should be placed at the hydrant to relay pump
__________ attack is often employed when a large flow is required to counteract the high gas output of burning solid materials, thus cooling the major source of combustible gas production:
A fog or "power cone" should never be used for blitz attack due to:
The negative impact it will have on the flow path of the fire, forcing the smoke and heat to move toward the interior of the structure.
In investigation mode, the 2nd in aerial app should initially:
standby at a location where they could re-position if needed.
________ zones should be considered when positioning apparatus:
The tactical functions of Outside truck work, exposure protection, water supply, RIC, and defensive operations readiness are performed in this area:
What are the (5) Tactical/Task benchmarks that should be communicated:
1. Assumption or acknowledgment of assignment
2. Completion of assignment
3. Inability to complete assignment
4. Any significant delay in completing assignment
5. The need for more resources to complete an assignment.
The RIC is responsible for:
Monitoring the fire ground for firefighter safety and performing proactive functions to reduce risk to firefighters
What is it called when an engine lays hose from the scene to a hydrant?
These benchmarks should be reported by command to dispatch to indicate progress of the property conservation Incident priority:
All personnel (including staff personnel) responding on a multiple alarm must check in at the:
CP or staging, unless already given an assignment from command
In defensive mode, the first pumping app and first aerial app will respond to the scene and:
begin exterior operations
__________ attack could involve ricocheting a solid or straight stream of water off an object (wall, ceiling and furnishings) onto the seat of the fire or superheated area above a fire:
Divisions may be assigned to ________ or _________ geographic areas.
Vertical or horizontal
Search should begin in areas where victims are most likely located such as these 3 areas:
3. Near windows and doors
List the (3) incident priorities in order by priority.
1. Life Safety
2. Incident Stabalization
3. Property Conservation
The 2nd arriving aerial app captain on scene of a defensive fire will normally be assigned the division:
at the rear of the structure
Later arriving aerial apparatus should consider positioning for?
exposure protection and possible aerial use
A team must have a radio and a ________ _________ given by the officer?
Radio designation (Q27 Salvage team, Q3 search team)
Strategies and tactics should be designed with the __________ ___________ as the overall focus for the emergency operation?
Proper ventilation is often most easily achieved by:
The first captain on scene of an offensive fire attack will ensure that these (4) primary functions are assigned:
1. Fire attack
3. Inside Truck Work
4. Water Supply
Considering resources during multiple alarms, when should another alarm be called?
When the last pumping app is committed
A Team of at least 2 firefighters who are in the same level of protective equipment as the fire attack team, who have deployed a backup hose line, and are in position to provide protection and/or rescue a downed firefighter:
In defensive mode, position apparatus outside of the _______ ________ before LDH lines are laid and charged:
The fire flow formula is:
The area involved (length x width) divided by 3, multiplied by the number of floors
Using a solid or straight stream to quickly knock down a fire from the exterior prior to an interior attack:
In all cases, the water sources must be able to provide:
The fire flow needed to extinguish the fire
Water supply shall be adequate enough to meet the expected:
Fire flow required
Having the mechanical ability, equipment, and personnel required for a tactical function:
If a hose line that was deployed as the backup line is used for any other reason:
Command must be notified and another line should be deployed as the backup
Most structure fires will be in a ____________ controlled state when firefighters arrive on scene?
To maximize a hydrant:
Place a 2 1/2 gate valve on the hydrant
In order for a blitz attack to work effectively, the volume of water delivered must:
supply greater cooling capacity than the amount of heat the fire is generating.
We risk a little, within a structured plan...
to save savable property
Primary search includes searching for both:
2. Fire extension
In defensive mode, the 2nd Aerial and rescue should:
Stand by and await orders from command
When blitz attack is used, the mode of operation is normally considered to be:
In Offensive mode, The first in pumping app and first arriving Ladder/Quint/Rescue should initially:
-Respond to the scene
-perform blitz if timely
-determine ventilation method
-establish proper flow paths
-begin interior operations
This attack is a blend of the direct and indirect fire attack methods, with firefighters applying water to both the fuel and the atmosphere of the room:
The first-in Company Officer is responsible for providing an initial radio report of:
Internal areas (inside the structure) can be designated using:
Division plus the number of the floor. (Ex. Division 6= Sixth floor)
When laddering the building, and a full search of a room cannot be completed, a sweep of this area should be performed as a minimum:
Under the windowsill
This mode of operation is primarily characterized by exterior activities to confine and extinguish the fire, which are not necessarily passive but designed to minimize risk to personnel:
The ______ ________ is the subject matter expert on utility control and should be consulted for additional info:
Ensure that ventilation is:
Coordinated with fire attack
NIMS uses ________ for geographic areas and _______ for specific functions:
The fire ground tactics of Laddering, Horizontal and vertical ventilation, additional forcible entry, utility control, and salvage. May be performed by any company:
Outside Truck Work
The methods (ways of delivery) used to employ a blitz attack include:
-Rapid attack monitor
-Pre-connected hose line
The main reason for the 2nd pumping app to respond directly to the scene is to:
position the backup team early in the incident
Fire load is usually expressed in terms of:
Weight of the combustible material per square foot of floor space
The first captain on scene of a defensive fire will ensure that these primary tactical functions are assigned:
exposure protection water supply
The second in engine should position to:
to transfer tank water to the first pumper and to be used as the dedicated RIC engine
__________ attack with straight or solid streams may also be effective where reach is a primary consideration:
In the Offensive mode, the 2nd arriving pumping app should initially:
Respond to the scene, deploy 2nd hoseline, prepare for backup
___________ attack is used when a room is in post flashover conditions, with flames fully encompassing the room and obscuring the seat of the fire:
This attack is used when firefighters can locate and direct the fire stream on the seat of the fire:
To place an apparatus at a designated location, perform any needed activities associated with standing by at a location and maintain a state of readiness until an assignment is recieved:
The 3rd and 4th engine should position:
At a hydrant and report their location to command
It is good practice to spot the aerial __________ structures if positioning for exposure protection:
The first arriving aerial app captain on scene of a defensive fire will normally be assigned the division:
In front of the structure
When laddering a building for secondary means of egress, put the ladders with the tips:
Just above the windowsill to allow for the easiest and quickest exit for firefighters
When dividing an incident scene by a means other than starting at the address side, a ________ __ ________ that is easily seen should be used:
Point of referrence
_________ Occurs when a structure fire's growth is limited by the available oxygen?
Ventilation controlled fire state
Size-up should address the following 3 basic questions:
1. What do I have?
2. Where is it going?
3. What can I do to control it?
The initial size-up radio report should contain these 5 elements:
1. Assumption of command
2. Announcement of fireground channel
3. Summary of current conditions
4. Current actions being taken
5. Directions for incoming companies
Outside the fire area of the structure:
What are each objective of the acronym RECEOVS?
The outside captain should direct these operations:
outside truck work
Defensive operations readiness
A blitz attack is appropriate when:
1. Visible flames or heavy black smoke venting
2. Resources do not allow 2 in 2 out
3. The time to prepare for fire attack will allow the fire to:
a. Reach a ventilation controlled state
b. Reach Flashover
c. Extend into uninvolved rooms
d. Extend to structural components
e. Extend to exposures
Defensive strategies should focus on:
personnel safety and incident stabilization
A team must be given a _______ level assignment only?
______________ __________ Type of command that may be utilized during multi-agency/multi-jurisdictional incidents:
The fire load it the:
Expected maximum amount of combustible material in a single fire area
In order for a combination attack to work, the fire stream must:
Penetrate the flames and heat to reach the burning material and be either a solid, straight stream, or fog less than 30 degrees
Groups are not limited to specific:
Who shall ensure the incident is adequately divided and that division supervisors are assigned?
Incident Commander and/or the Operations chief
What must be identified before any roof operations are undertaken for vertical ventilation?
The roof type and condition
The primary goal of a blitz attack is to:
Hold the fire in check so that interior attack can be made under more tenable conditions
All personnel with functional area responsibilities will wear:
Incident identification vests
Where should the first pumping apparatus should position:
completely past the attack entrance
What are the modes of operation at a fire?
Investigative (Although not a traditional mode)
The secondary reason for the 2nd pumping app to respond directly to the scene is to:
setup as dedicated RIC engine
Position ground ladders at a ________ degree angle:
When protecting exposures, crews assigned to guard against fire extension via a partition wall or fire wall shall not abandon their position unless:
They are relieved or the area becomes untenable. If it is untenable, command must be notified
Firefighters should place these over the top rung and hung into the window to help identify an exit:
A light stick or box light
The preferred method of sizing-up an emergency scene is to perform a _________ _________?
In defensive mode, the 2nd in pumping app should respond to the scene and:
prepare to establish a large flow water supply
Operations that are conducted as the incident strategy is switched from offensive to defensive or defensive to offensive operations:
What (4) factors should BCs take into consideration when establishing the command post?
ease of being located
A rescue arriving on scene after inside truck has been assigned will report on scene and:
stand by for assignment
When assigning division/group responsibilities, the Ops chief of command should:
Brief the division/group supervisor on the goals of the operation and the specific objectives to accomplish in that division of group and ensure that the division/group officer is aware of the resources assigned. The supervisor should also be assigned a radio designation
Pre-connected hose lines are an effective tool for:
Quick fire attack immediately effect rescue Protect a means of egress Protect exposures
All multiple alarm incidents should have a __________ _____________ as the incident commander?
When controlling utilities, water should be turned off if it:
Is causing additional property damage
Hose line selection should be adequate for the particular strategy and tactic. For a hose line to be considered adequate, it must have:
the length and flow capabilities that are required
When protecting exposures, streams should be flowed:
Directly onto the exposure cooling the surface
These (5) benchmarks should be reported by command to dispatch to indicate progress of the (Firefighter) Life Safety Incident priority:
1. Outside team is established
2. Entry size-up
3. Backup team is established and their location
4. RIC is established and their location
5. Safety Officer is assigned and the name of the person
Companies should "_________ for _________" as necessary while searching?
Vent for life
For each exposure, add ___% of the calculated fire flow to the fire flow, and includes this area as an exposure:
25% includes the exposed floor above the fire that is not involved
The first due aerial apparatus should position for?
Position ladder for rescue
This mode of operation is characterized by an aggressive interior attack:
In defensive mode, what tactics that may require entry into the structure?
VEIS Cut-off line placement
When is the only time interior operations can begin without 2 in 2 out?
In the immediate need for rescue
The path between an inlet opening and an exhaust opening that allows the movement of heat and smoke from a higher pressure are within a fire area towards lower pressure areas accessible via doors, windows and other openings:
During defensive operations, special consideration should be given to keep personnel out of:
The tactical functions of fire attack, inside truck work, backup lines, overhaul, and secondary search are performed in this area.
The minimum amount of the sides of a building including the fire side that should be observed for an accurate size-up:
When switching water sources, be sure to notify:
Incidents should be _____________ divided as early in the incident as possible?
Incident identification vests are located:
In all BC vehicles
Other options as opposed to entering a ventilation controlled fire include:
Different Entry point
Cooling with fire streams from a safe location
These (2) benchmarks should be reported by command to dispatch to indicate progress of the (Civilian) Life Safety Incident priority:
1. Primary search complete
2. Secondary Search complete
The 2nd in engine driver can help connect the fire attack engine to a hydrant instead of transferring the tank if the location of the hydrant is _________ feet away or less?
In Investigation mode, who will initially report to the scene to investigate?
First pumping apparatus
In investigative mode, the 2nd in pumping app should initially:
Respond to the scene to establish backup
What kind of apparatus should always be held in reserve at a major incident?
This info is used by the officer to measure task progress?
Task benchmark Info
An advantage of the indirect fog attack is:
The lessened property damage from excessive water and the preservation of the scene for investigative purposes
The _________ attack is a common method typically utilized in smaller enclosed compartment fires and should only be utilized when no firefighters or civilians are present in the compartment:
The water group supervisor is responsible for determining:
The water source and supply method
__________ are major components within the operations section, established when the number of groups/divisions exceed the recommended span of control:
Conduct the search of victims beginning at the:
Place of most danger and moving toward a means of safe egress
A vehicle equipped with an aerial ladder or platform:
At a defensive fire, achieving the necessary ______ _____ is a high priority?
The (3) most widely used methods of fire attack and water application with a hand line are:
1. Direct attack
2. Indirect attack
3. Combinataion attack
What does NIMS stand for:
National Incident Management System
A backup hose line should be deployed to the:
Same entrance that the fire attack team entered and positioned to best protect the fire attack team, usually just outside of the IDLH
A disadvantage of a direct attack is:
The possibility of increased property damage from excessive water and stream pressure damage.
Division Inside the fire area of the structure:
We risk a lot, within a structured plan...
to save a savable life
According to Texas law, and AFD policy, whenever an offensive attack is made on an interior structure fire:
Two firefighters must remain outside of the IDLH atmosphere and monitor the firefighters inside the structure
Examples of water sources include:
Pumping apparatus water tanks
static sources like lakes or ponds
This attack is most often accomplished utilizing a fog pattern directed into an area of super-heated gases and smoke above the fire:
The blitz attack should no longer be used when:
interior attack is intitiated
A _____ shall be conducted anytime an incident strategy goes from offensive to defensive mode?