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Flashcards in Abdomen Deck (69)
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1

trouble swallowing

dysphagia

2

consideration if person has dysphagia

aspiratie pneumonia

3

parts of the right upper quadrant RUQ

liver
gallbladder
duodenum
head of pancreas
R kidney & adrenal
hepatic flexure of colon
part of ascending and transverse colon

4

parts of the left upper quadrant LUQ

stomach
spleen
L lobe of liver
body of pancreas
L kidney & adrenal
splenic flexure of colon
part of transverse and descending colon

5

parts of the right lower quadrant RLQ

cecum
appendix
R ovary & tube
R ureter
R spermatic cord

6

parts of left lower quadrant

part of descending colon
sigmoid colon
L ovary and tube
L ureter
L spermatic cord

7

aorta
uterus (if enlarged)
bladder (if enlarged)

midline

8

where would you see the female menstrual?

hypogastric

9

what are the developmental considerations of infants and children?

liver larger
bladder higher in abdomen
abdomen less muscular

10

what does the liver do?

metabolizes

11

what are the developmental considerations of a pregnant woman?

nausea and vomiting
heartburn
intestines displaced upward and posteriorly
decrease in bowel sounds
skin changes (striae)
gerd

12

why do we see nausea and vomiting in a pregnant woman?

lots of progesterone

13

heartburn

pyrosis

14

esophageal cancer when long cells turn to round cells

Barretts Esophagus (prilasec, zantec)

15

what are some developmental stages seen in older adults?

fat
decrease in saliva
esophageal emptying delayed
decrease in gastric acid
decrease in B12
decrease in liver size
decrease in appetite
decrease in blood flow
increase in gallstones
increase in constipation

16

with older adults we see a decrease in b12 because of what?

decrease in gastric acid

17

a decrease in B12 can cause

pernicious anemia

18

who do we see an increase in gallstones in?

fair skin, fat, forty

19

with a decrease in blood flow what goes along with that?

takes longer to metabolize drugs (toxicity)

20

intermittent diarrhea or constipation?

irritable bowel syndrome

21

what do you do if IBS?

eat small frequent meals

22

what will IBS not do?

won't show up on scan

23

what are the 3 types of abdominal pain?

visceral
parietal
referred

24

from internal organ (dull, general, precisely localized

visceral pain

25

inflammation of overlying peritoneum (sharp, poorly localized, aggravated by movement) everywhere

parietal pain

26

from disorder in one area to another

referred pain

27

what is an example of parietal pain?

ruptured appendix

28

burning

peptic ulcer

29

cramping

biliary colic/renal stone

30

severe cramping

appendicitis