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Flashcards in Health Assessment Vocabulary Deck (33)
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1

Alopecia

Baldness, or hair loss

2

Annular

Circular shape to a skin lesion

3

Bulla

Elevated skin cavity containing free fluid larger than 1 cm diameter

4

Confluent

Skin lesions that run together

5

Crust

thick, dried out exudate left on the skin when a vesicule/pustule bursts or dries up

6

Cyanosis

Dusky blue color to the skin or mucous membranes due to increased amount of unoxygenated hemoglobin

7

Erosion

scooped out, shallow depression in skin

8

Erythema

intense redness of the skin due to excess blood in dilated superficial capilaries, as in fever or inflammation

9

Excoriation

Self inflicted abrasion on skin due to scratching

10

Fissure

linear crack in skin extending into the dermis

11

Furnucle

(boil) suppurative inflammatory skin lesion due to infected hair follicle

12

Hemangioma

skin lesion due to benign proliferation of blood vessels in the dermis

13

Iris

target shape of skin lesion

14

Jaundice

yellow color to the skin, palate, and sclera due to excess bilirubin in the blood

15

Keliod

Hypertropic scar, elevated beyond site of injury

16

Lichenification

tightly packed set of papules that thickens skin, from prolonged intense scratching

17

Lipoma

benign fatty tumor

18

Maceration

softening of the tissue by soaking

19

Macule

flat skin lesion with only a color change

20

Nevus

(mole) circumscribed skin lesion due to excess melanocytes

21

Nodule

Elevated skin lesion less than 1 cm in diameter

22

Pallor

excessively pale, whitish pink color to lightly pigmented skin

23

Papule

Palpable skin lesion less than 1 cm in diameter

24

Plaque

Skin lesion in which papules coalese or come together

25

Puritis

itching

26

Purpura

red purple skin lesion due to blood in the tissues from breaks in blood vessels

27

Pustule

elevated cavity containing thick, turbid fluid

28

Scale

Compact desiccated flakes of skin from shedding of dead skin cells

29

Telangiectasia

skin lesion due to permanently enlarged and dilated blood vessels that are visible

30

Ulcer

sloughing of necrotic inflammatory tissue that causes deep depression of the skin, extending into the dermis