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Flashcards in Thorax,Lungs Deck (78)
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1

What ribs are free floating?

11 and 12

2

What ribs do the scapulae hit on?

T7/8

3

What is the last rib that connects to the rib cage?

T7

4

Upper respiratory

Head

5

Lower respiratory

Neck down

6

The path fit air to move from upper airway to the alveoli

Tracheobronchial system

7

Where does the trachea separate?

At the angle of Louis/sternal angle

8

Which bronchus is shorter and wider?

Longer and narrow?

Right

Left

9

What are lined with cilia?

Bronchioles

10

What do the cilia do?

Whip mucus out

11

Inspiration and expiration result from ________ ________ within the lungs

Pressure changes

12

Exchanging of carbon dioxide and oxygen between the alveoli and capillaries

Diffusion

13

What are the muscles of inspiration?

Intercostal muscles
Diaphragm

14

Where are the intercostal muscles located?

Inside the rib cage

15

Where is the respiratory center located?

The medulla oblongata of the brain stem---CNS

16

What sense the increase/decrease of carbon dioxide in the blood flow?

Carotid bodies in the carotid arteries

17

What are the two blood flows to the lungs?

Anterior thoracic aorta
Pulmonary veins

18

How many lobes does each lung have?

Right 3
Left 2

19

What divide the lobes?

Fissures

20

Where does lung cancer normally appear?

Upper lobes

21

Bottom breast line

5th rib mid axillary line

22

What limits lung expansion?

Lung parenchyma (elastic subpleural tissue)

23

Lungs expand from

T10-T12

24

Fluid filled; prevents the lung from sticking

Pleural sac

25

Against the organ

Visceral pleural

26

Away from the organ

Parietal pleural

27

Infection/inflammation of the pleural sac

Pleurisy

28

Fluid in the pleural sac, normally can't open lung there so you can't hear

Pleural edema/pleural effusion

29

Heart and blood vessels

Mediastinum

30

Where right and left costal margins meet and the xiphoid process

Costal angle