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Flashcards in Abdomen Deck (210)
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1

Pain from the 3 segments of the ureter is referred to which areas?

Upper - back behind kidney
Middle - inguinal region
Lower - Penis or clitoris

2

Branches of the celiac artery

Left Gastric Artery
Splenic Artery
Hepatic Artery

3

Branches of the splenic artery

Pancreatic branches
Left Gastroepiploic Artery
Short Gastric Artery

4

Branches of the hepatic artery

Right Gastric Artery
Gastroduodenal Artery
Right Hepatic Artery - Cystic Artery
Left Hepatic Artery

5

Branches of the gastroduodenal artery

Right Gastroepiploic Artery
Superior Pancreaticoduodenal Artery

6

Branches of the superior mesenteric artery

Inferior Pancreaticoduodenal Artery
Middle Colic Artery
Inferior Colic Artery
Ileocolic Artery
Jejunal Branches
Ileal Branches

7

Branches of the inferior mesenteric artery

Left Colic artery
Sigmoid Artery
Superior Rectal Artery

8

Three main openings of the diaphragm, vertical location, and their contents

Aortic Opening (T12) - aorta, azygos vein, thoracic duct
Esophageal Opening (T10) - Esophagus, right and left vagus nerve, esophageal vessels, lymphatics
Caval Opening (T8) - inferior vena cava, right phrenic nerve

9

Shape of the adrenal glands?

Right - pyramid
Left - crescent

10

Blood supply of adrenal gland

Aorta, Inferior phrenic artery, renal artery

11

Venous drainage of adrenal gland

Right - IVC
Left - renal vein

12

The aorta bifurcates to the common iliac arteries at what level?

L4

13

Campers and Scarpa's fascia - which is fatty layer which is membranous? which is deep which is superficial

Camper - superficial, fatty later
Scarpa's - deep membranous

14

Anterior abdominal wall fascia continuous with the superficial fascia of the back and thorax?

Scarpa's fascia

15

Membranous fascia in the scrotum

Colles' Fascia

16

Thin layer of smooth muscle in the scrotum, which is analogue of the Camper's fascia

Dartos muscle

17

Rupture of penile urethra may be followed by extravasation of urine into which structures?

Scrotum, perineum, penis, lower part of anterior abdominal wall deep to Scarpa's fascia

18

Triangular shaped defect in the external oblique aponeurosis immediately above and medial to pubic tubercle

Superficial inguinal ring

19

Structure passing through the superficial inguinal ring?

Spermatic cord - male
Round ligament of the uterus - female

20

Between the ASIS and the pubic tubercle, the lower border of the external oblique aponeurosis folds backward on itself, forming what?

Inguinal ligament

21

Ligament extending backward and upward from medial end of inguinal ligament to the pectineal line?

Lacunar ligament

22

The free crescentic edge of the lacunar ligament forms the medial margin of which structure?

Femoral ring

23

The fascia lata is attached to the inferior border of which structure?

Inguinal Ligament

24

Which side of the conjoint tendon is a free border?

Lateral

25

Muscle found in the spermatic cord

Cremaster

26

Posterior border of which of the following is attached to the lumbar vertebrae by the lumbar fascia?
A. External Oblique
B. Internal Oblique
C. Transversus

B and C.
A has a free posterior border

27

Curved ridge seen when the rectus abdominis contracts

Linea semilunaris

28

Three tendinous intersections of the rectus sheath?

1. Level of xiphoid process
2. Level of umbilicus
3. Halfway between 1 and 2

29

Small muscle in the lower part of the rectus abdominis which is often absent

Pyramidalis

30

Anterior and posterior wall of the rectus sheath above the costal margin

Anterior - External oblique aponeurosis
Posterior - 5th - 7th costal cartilage and intercostal space