Abdominal Emergencies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abdominal Emergencies Deck (15):
1

The two layers of Peritoneum

Visceral and Parietal

2

Visceral Peritoneum

Covers the organs

3

Parietal Peritoneum

Attached to the Abdominal wall

4

Visceral Pain

Originates in the organs within the abdomen

Pain describe as dull achy or intermittent and be diffuse hard to locate

5

Visceral pain of hollow organs of abdomen

Intermittent, crampy, or colicky

6

Visceral Pain from Solid organs

Dull and Persistent

7

Hollow Organs

Esophagus, Stomach, Small and Large, Appendix, Gallbladder, Bladder

8

Solid Organs

Liver, Spleen, Pancreas, Kidneys

9

Parietal Pain

Starts from parietal peritoneum aka peritoneal tenderness

More widespread, easily located

Direct result of local irritation

Irritation; blood, infection/ inflammation,

Pain sharp or constant and worse when moving vs still knees up

10

Tearing pain

Not common pain

Aorta and stomach feel this

Ulcers in stomach

Bleed heavily

11

Referred pain

Pain felt not at original location but somewhere else

Ex) gallbladder pain is felt at right shoulder

Ex) Ectopic Pregnancies also shoulder complain

12

Retroperitoneal space (extra peritoneal space)

Area btw the abdomen and the back

Ex) Pancreas, Kidneys, Aorta

13

Appendicitis

Infection of Appendix

Sign symptoms; nausea and vomiting
Pain in umbilicus firts then persistent pain in RLQ

14

Ectopic Pregnancy

A pregnancy developing outside of the uterus

15

Organs Enclosed in Peritoneum

Stomach, Liver, Spleen, Appendix, Small and LArge

Women; Uterus, Fallopian tubes, Ovaries