Trauma To The Head, Neck, And Spine Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Trauma To The Head, Neck, And Spine Deck (48):
1

Autonomic nervous system

Controls involuntary function

2

The bony structure making up the forehead, top, back, and upper sides of the skull.

Cranium

3

Mandible

The lower jawbone

4

Bone that forms part of the side of the skull and floor of the cranial cavity. There are right and left temporal bones

Temporal

5

The moveable joint formed between the mandible and the temporal bone, also called TMJ

Temporomandibular

6

Maxillae

The two fused bones forming the upper jaw

7

Nasal

The bones that form the upper third, or bridge, of the nose

8

The cheekbone also called zygomatic bone

Malar

9

Orbits

The bony structure around the eyes; the eye sockets

10

Foramen magnum

The opening at the base of the skull through which the spinal cord passes from the brain

11

Cerebrospinal fluid CSF

The fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord

12

Vertebrae

The bones of the spinal column

13

Mild closed head injury without detectable damage to the brain. Complete recovery is usually expected but effects may linger for weeks, months or even years

Concussion

14

In brain injuries, a bruised brain caused when force of a blow to the head is great enough to rupture blood vessel

Contusion

15

Laceration

In brain injury, cut to the brain

16

Hematoma

In head injury, a collection of blood within the skull or brain

17

Intracranial pressure ICP

Pressure inside the skull

18

A distinct pattern of breathing characterized by quickening and deepening respirations followed by a period of apnea

Cheyene-Stroke Breathing

19

Central neurogenic hyperventilation

A pattern of rapid and deep breathing caused by injury to the brain

20

Ataxic respirations

A pattern of irregular and unpredictable breathing commonly caused by brain injury

21

Pushing of a portion of the brain downward the foreman magnum as result of increased intracranial pressure

Herniation

22

Air embolism

A bubble of air in the bloodstream

23

Pulmonary embolism

A blockage in the blood circulation of lung caused by blood clot or air bubble

24

Neurogenic shock

A state of shock [hypoperfusion] caused by nerve paralysis that sometimes develops from spinal cord injuries

25

Spinal motion restriction

The immobilization of the spinal column as if it were a single bone to prevent movement of individual vertebrae

26

Central nervous system (CNS)

The brain and the spinal cord

27

Contrecoup injury

Bruising occurs on the side opposite of the blow

28

Coup injury

Bruising of the brain occurs on the side of the blow

29

Subdural hematoma

Collection of blood between brain and dura

30

Epidural hematoma

Blood between dura and skull

31

Intracerebral hematoma

Blood pools within the brain

32

Opening at the base of the skull

Foreman Magnum

33

Increased blood pressure and decrease heart rate are key findings that indicate rising ICP and is know as this

Cushings reflex

34

Regulates our most vital functions such as breathing, heartbeat, and blood pressure

Brain stem

35

Injuries that occur immediately and as result of direct force

Primary injuries

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After initial insult but can cause the same or more harm

Secondary injuries

37

Contrecoup injury

Bruising occurs on the side opposite of the blow

38

Coup injury

Bruising of the brain occurs on the side of the blow

39

Brains protective outer covering

Dura

40

Subdural hematoma

Collection of blood between brain and dura

41

Epidural hematoma

Blood between dura and skull

42

Intracerebral hematoma

Blood pools within the brain

43

Foreman magnum

Opening at the base of the skull

44

Increased blood pressure and decrease heart rate are key findings that indicate rising ICP and is know as this

Cushings reflex

45

Regulates our most vital functions such as breathing, heartbeat, and blood pressure

Brain stem

46

Injuries that occur immediately and as result of direct force

Primary injuries

47

After initial insult but can cause the same or more harm

Secondary injuries

48

Caused vertebrae of the spine to essentially fuse together and creates great vulnerability of the spine injury

Ankylosing spondylitis