Muscuskeletal Trauma Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Muscuskeletal Trauma Deck (23):
1

Bones

Hard but flexible living structures that provide support for the body and protection to vital organs

2

Joints

Places where bones articulate, or meet

3

Periosteum

Bones are cover by strong white fibrous material

4

Muscles

Tissues or fibers that cause movement of body parts and organs

5

Cartilage

Tough tissue that covers the joint ends of bones and helps to form certain body parts such as the ear

6

Tendons

Tissues that connect muscle to bone

7

Ligament

Tissues that connect bone to bone

8

MTB

Muscle tendon bone

9

BLB

Bone ligament bone

10

Traction splint

A splint that applies constant pull along the length of a lower extremity to help stabilize the fracture bone and to reduce muscle spasm in the limb. Traction splint are used on femoral shaft fractures.

11

Fracture

Any break in a bone

12

Comminuted fracture

A fracture in which the bone is broken in several places

13

Greenstick fracture

An incomplete fracture

14

Angulated fracture

Fracture in which the broken bone segments are at an angle to each other

15

Dislocation

The disruption or coming apart of a joint

16

Sprain

The stretching and tearing of a ligament

17

Strain

Muscle injury resulting from over stretching or over exertion of the muscle

18

Extremities

The portion of the skeleton that includes the clavicles, scapulae, arms, wrists, and hands and the pelvis, thighs, legs, ankles, and feet

19

Closed extremity injury

An injury to an extremity with no associated opening in the skin

20

Open extremity injury

An extremity injury in which he skin has been broken or torn through from he inside by an injured bone or from the outside by something that has caused a penetrating wound with associated injury to the bone

21

Compartment syndrome

Injury caused when tissues such as blood vessels and nerves are constricted within a space as from swelling or from a tight dressing or cast

22

Crepitus

A grating sensation or sound made when fracture bone ends rub together

23

Manual traction

The process of applying tension to straighten and realign a fractured limb before splinting also called tension