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Flashcards in Acts in U.S. History Deck (30):

A 1649 act proposed by Cecilius Calvert (Lord Baltimore) to allow for toleration of both Protestants and Catholics in Maryland

Act of Toleration


This 1662 act loosened the requirement for church membership in Puritan Massachusetts. The act was passed in response to a drop in church attendance amongst second generation Puritans

Halfway Covenant


This act passed by British Parliament restricting colonial settlement to land east of the Appalachian Mountains. The act was passed in response to clashes with Indians (notably Pontiac's War) as colonists moved west into land acquired from France after the French and Indian War

Proclamation of 1763


Direct Tax placed on the American colonies by British Parliament in 1765. The act required colonists to purchase stamps for a variety of printed material. The uproar over the act led to a Congress named after it, one of the first organized protests of British taxation policy

Stamp Act


1767 series of revenue-producing taxes placed on the American colonies by Britain in an attempt to pay for continued occupation of the colonies by British troops. The act taxed items like lead, paint, glass, paper, and tea.

Townshend Acts


1774 series of four acts designed to punish the city of Boston for the damage caused by the Boston Tea Party. The British refer to the acts as the "Coercive Acts'

intolerable acts


While not intended as such, many American colonists considered this to be one of the Intolerable acts. the 1774 act est. Catholicism as the official religion of Quebec, and expanded Quebec to include territory that today makes up Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota

Quebec Act


Passed by the Article of Confederation Congress, this 1785 act est. an orderly method for surveying and selling western land of the early U.S. Notably, the act divided the land into 6 square mile "townships" that were further subdivided into homesteads

Land Ordinance


Also passed by the Articles of Confederation Congress, this 1787 act est. the method by which new territory could join the union as states

northwest ordinance


a series of 1798 acts sponsored by the Federalists imposing severe restrictions on aliens out of fear of treason. the acts were an attempt to limit the power of Jefferson's Democratic-Republican Party

Alien and Sedition Acts


Essentially forbade US maritime trade with foreign nations. This was signed in 1807 by Jefferson in order to maintain American neutrality during the Napoleonic Wars. It was opposed by New England Federalists

Embargo Act


Repealed the Embargo Act with regards to all nations except France and Britain in 1809

Non-Intercourse Act


Also known as the Compromise of 1820, it admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state, thus preserving sectional balance. It also set the border of Missouri as the future border between slave and free states. This provision was ruled unconstitutional by the Dred Scott decision of 1857

Missouri Compromise


Also known as the "Tariff of Abominations", opposition to this act led to the Nullification Crisis, the resignation of John C. Calhoun as VP, and the writing of the "South Carolina Exposition" and "Protest"

Tariff of 1828


Andrew Jackson's forcible removal of the Five Civilized Tribes from the South (particularly the Cherokee from Georgia). Most of the Indians were removed via the Trail of Tears. The 1830 act was a direct response to the 1828 case of Cherokee Nation v. Georgia and was later challenged with the 1832 case of Worcester v. Georgia

Indian Removal Act


a series of five laws intended to compromise on the issue of slavery in the lands acquired after the Mexican War. California was admitted as a free state, the slave trade was ended in the District of Columbia, and the North agreed to a stricter Fugitive Slave Law

Compromise of 1850


provided for the admission of Kansas and Nebraska with or without slavery, essentially repealed the Missouri Compromise in 1854

Kansas- Nebraska Act


created the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) to aid the states through grants in 1933

Federal Emergency Relief Act


Establised the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) in 1933 which paid farmers subsides to farm less land and therefore drive crop prices up

Agricultural Adjustment Act


Created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) in 1933 for guaranteeing individual bank deposits

Glass-Steagall Act


Also known as the National Labor Relations Act, created the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) in 1935

Wagner Act


Enabled any country whose defense is deemed necessary to the nation to acquire arms and other war supplies from the US. This 1941 arrangement to help the UK during the Battle of Britain followed earlier "Cash and Carry" and "Destroyers for Bases" programs

Lend-Lease Act


Passed over Truman's veto, this 1947 act heavily restricted the actions of Unions including banning the "closed shop" and forbidding union contributions to political campaigns. Allowed the federal government to apply for injunctions to stop strikes

Taft-Hartley Act


Combined all military departments into a single department, Defense. James Forrestal was the first Secretary of Defense. 1947

National Security Act


Among other provisions, it outlawed discrimination in employment on the basis of race,religion, or sex. It created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) in 1964 to investigate claims of discrimination

Civil Rights Act


Eliminated Literacy and other tests as requirements for voting in 1965

Voting Rights Act


mandated that employers provide employment "free from recognized hazards to employees" in 1970

Occupational Safety and Health Act


Set a 60 day limit on the presidential commitment of troops to hostilities abroad without Congressional approval. Passed over Nixon's veto, the 1973 act is considered by many to be a reaction to LBJ's actions with the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

War Powers Act


Required Congress to balance the budget 1985

Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act


Regulates campaign financing. Specifically, it targets "soft money" contributions and "issue ads" not financed by a specific candidate. 2002

McCain- Feingold Act