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Flashcards in American Third Parties Deck (24):
1

first "3rd party" in American history

anti-masonic party

2

nominated William Wirt for president (with Amos Ellmaker for VP) in 1832

anti-masonic party

3

formed in 1828 in upstate new York to oppose freemasonry, specifically after the disappearance of William Morgan after morgan wrote a book exposing the secrets of masons

anti-masonic party

4

William palmer, governor of Vermont, was the highest elected of this party. Vermont was also the only state carried by William Wirt in 1832

anti-masonic party

5

this party was the first to use nominating conventions and party platforms

anti-masonic

6

abolitionist party that nominated James Birney, a former slaveholder, for president in 1840 and 1844

liberty party

7

other prominent members include Gerrit Smith, Thomas Earle, and Salmon P. Chase

liberty party

8

anti slavery party that advocated for the non-extension of slavery rather than the abolition of slavery

free soil party

9

formed by former members of the liberty party along with the so called "barnburners". NY democrats angered by their party's weak stance against slavery (specifically the rejection of the Wilmot Proviso)

free soil party

10

In 1848, this party nominated former president Martin Van Buren for president and Charles Francis Adams for VP

free soil party

11

this party also nominated John Hale for president in 1852, but the party was absorbed into the newly formed Republican Party before the 1856 election

free soil party

12

known as the Known-Nothing party, this party grew out of the anti-immigrant, anti-Catholic Order of the Star Spangled Banner

American party

13

in 1856, this party nominated former president Millard Fillmore for president with Andrew Donnellson for VP

American Party

14

they succeeded in electing the mayors of San Francisco, Philadelphia, and Washington. J. Neely Johnson was elected Governor of California, and the party briefly won control of the Massachusetts legislature

American Party

15

formed I 1859 to preserve the Union while at the same time remaining neutral on the slavery issue

constitutional union party

16

in 1860 this party nominated john bell for president and Edward Everett for vice president, but dissolved soon after

constitutional union party

17

founded in 1874 by farmers frustrated by the Panic of 1873, this party called for a reintroduction of the inflationary currency of the Civil War

greenback (labor) party

18

its first nominee for president was Peter Cooper, industrialist and inventor of the "Tom Thumb" locomotive

greenback (labor) party

19

also nominated James Weaver (1880) and Benjamin Butler (1884)

greenback (labor) party

20

Terrence Powderly, head of the Knights of Labor, won election as mayor of Scantron, PA, as a member of this party

greenback (labor) party

21

it was founded in 1869 and ran James Black as its first presidential candidate in 1872

prohibition party

22

oldest continuously operational third party in the US, and still runs candidates each election cycle

prohibition party

23

notable candidates for president include John St. John, Neal Dow, and Silas Swallow

prohibition party

24

the party's biggest victory came with the election of Florida Governor Sidney Johnston Catts in 1917

prohibition party