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Flashcards in American Third Parties Deck (24):

first "3rd party" in American history

anti-masonic party


nominated William Wirt for president (with Amos Ellmaker for VP) in 1832

anti-masonic party


formed in 1828 in upstate new York to oppose freemasonry, specifically after the disappearance of William Morgan after morgan wrote a book exposing the secrets of masons

anti-masonic party


William palmer, governor of Vermont, was the highest elected of this party. Vermont was also the only state carried by William Wirt in 1832

anti-masonic party


this party was the first to use nominating conventions and party platforms



abolitionist party that nominated James Birney, a former slaveholder, for president in 1840 and 1844

liberty party


other prominent members include Gerrit Smith, Thomas Earle, and Salmon P. Chase

liberty party


anti slavery party that advocated for the non-extension of slavery rather than the abolition of slavery

free soil party


formed by former members of the liberty party along with the so called "barnburners". NY democrats angered by their party's weak stance against slavery (specifically the rejection of the Wilmot Proviso)

free soil party


In 1848, this party nominated former president Martin Van Buren for president and Charles Francis Adams for VP

free soil party


this party also nominated John Hale for president in 1852, but the party was absorbed into the newly formed Republican Party before the 1856 election

free soil party


known as the Known-Nothing party, this party grew out of the anti-immigrant, anti-Catholic Order of the Star Spangled Banner

American party


in 1856, this party nominated former president Millard Fillmore for president with Andrew Donnellson for VP

American Party


they succeeded in electing the mayors of San Francisco, Philadelphia, and Washington. J. Neely Johnson was elected Governor of California, and the party briefly won control of the Massachusetts legislature

American Party


formed I 1859 to preserve the Union while at the same time remaining neutral on the slavery issue

constitutional union party


in 1860 this party nominated john bell for president and Edward Everett for vice president, but dissolved soon after

constitutional union party


founded in 1874 by farmers frustrated by the Panic of 1873, this party called for a reintroduction of the inflationary currency of the Civil War

greenback (labor) party


its first nominee for president was Peter Cooper, industrialist and inventor of the "Tom Thumb" locomotive

greenback (labor) party


also nominated James Weaver (1880) and Benjamin Butler (1884)

greenback (labor) party


Terrence Powderly, head of the Knights of Labor, won election as mayor of Scantron, PA, as a member of this party

greenback (labor) party


it was founded in 1869 and ran James Black as its first presidential candidate in 1872

prohibition party


oldest continuously operational third party in the US, and still runs candidates each election cycle

prohibition party


notable candidates for president include John St. John, Neal Dow, and Silas Swallow

prohibition party


the party's biggest victory came with the election of Florida Governor Sidney Johnston Catts in 1917

prohibition party