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Flashcards in Adult hip Deck (8)
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1

List developmental disorders that increase the risk of hip osteoarthritis later in life

DDH
LCP
SCFE
trauma, infection

all: loss of articular cartilage

2

Differentiate hip osteoarthritis vs vascular claudication vs spinal stenosis

hip OA: presents with groin pain, restricted ROM, limping

spinal stenosis: low back or buttock pain, radiates to below the knee

vascular claudication: pain with walking, relieved with rest

3

An _________ can sometimes help distinguish hip pain from back or vascular sources of pain

anesthetic arthrogram of the hip

4

What are risk factors for hip fractures?

female
older
osteoporosis
chronic medical conditions
chronic steroid use
alcohol, smoking

5

Differentiate intertrochanteric vs femoral neck fractures

intertrochanteric: treated with fixation, do not need joint replacement, blood supply preserved

femoral neck: disrupt blood supply, treated with partial or total joint replacement

6

Describe the initial approach to managing hip OA pain

steroids, NSAIDs, activity modification, physical therapy, weight reduction, use of cane/ walker

7

What are the major complications after THA?

DVT, PE, infection, dislocation, fracture, bleeding, limb length inequality

8

How does obesity affect osteoarthritis?

Increases development and progression