africa unit test vocab ch 1 and 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in africa unit test vocab ch 1 and 2 Deck (47):
1

souq

an open-air marketplace

2

monastery

where monks or nuns live, work and sleep

3

multi-party system

two or more political parties in a single country

4

lingua franca

a common language shared by different peoples

5

erode

to slowly wear away

6

census

a count of people in a country

7

foreign debt

money owed to foreign countries

8

harambee

Swahili word for "lets pull together" a campaign by President Kenayatta in 1963 after the country became independent

9

migrant worker

a person who moves from place to place to find work

10

nuclear family

a family that includes parents and children

11

kinship

a family relationship

12

culture

a people who share similar customs and beliefs

13

lineage

a group of families with a common ancestor

14

griot

an African storyteller

15

cultural diffusion

movement of customs and ideas from one culture to another

16

clan

group of lineages

17

cultural diversity

wide variety of cultures

18

extended family

a family that includes relatives other than parents and children

19

plantation

large farm where cash crops are grown

20

Name two of Africa's major rivers

Nile, Congo, Zambezi and Niger

21

cataracts

rock filled rapids

22

What is the African country studied that is an island

Madagascar

23

Africa's highest peak

Mount Kilimanjaro

24

desertification

the spread of the desert taking over other areas

25

Savanna

area of tall grass and scattered trees

26

nomad

people travel from place to place working

27

subsistence farming

farmers who farm just to feed their families

28

cash crop

farmers raise crops to sell

29

economy

a system for producing, distributing, consuming and owning goods

30

Why was Ghana called the gold coast

it was a leading exporter of African gold.

31

diversity economy

producing a variety of crops and raw materials for trade

32

fertile

land rich for planting

33

domesticate plants

adapt them for their own use by throwing away weak seeds

34

surplus

production of more food than needed by a community

35

civilization

society with cities, government and social classes

36

Who ruled ancient Egypt

kings and queens called pharaohs

37

migrate

group of people who move out of one place looking for new land to farm.

38

ethnic groups

groups that share language, religion, family ties and customs

39

Quran

holy book of Islam

40

pilgrimage

a religious journey

41

city state

a city that has its own government and often controls surrounding land

42

How did the city-states grow rich

putting huge taxes on traders

43

nationalism

pride in being African

44

Pan-Africanism

movement stressing unity and cooperation

45

commercial farming

large-scale production of cash crops like coffee, cocoa and bananas

46

Main Challenge to economy

countries specialized in the production of just one or two products

47

What are two social service areas that Africa is starting to work on to help their people

health (life expectancy) and education (literacy)