Latinamerica Ch 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Latinamerica Ch 2 Deck (18):
1

Hieroglyphics

System of writing using signs and symbols used by the Mayans and other cultures

2

Aqueduct

Pipe or channel used to carry water from a dost r source

3

Quipu

Knotted string used by Incan govt officials and traders for record keeping

4

Treaty of tordesillas

1494 treaty setting up the line of demarcation giving Spain the right to settle and trade west of the line and Portugal the same rights
East of the line

5

Mestizo

Person of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry

6

Treaty

Agreement in writing between 2 or more countries

7

Line of demarcation

Am imaginary line from the north to South Pole set forth in the 1494 treaty of tordesillas

8

Hacienda

Plantation owned by the Spanish settlers or the Catholic Church in Spanish America

9

Encomienda

The right to demand taxes or labor from native Americans. This right was granted to American settlers from the Spanish government

10

Revolution

Political movement in which people overthrow the existing govt an set up another

11

Criollo

Person born of Spanish parents born outside Spain, often among the best educated and wealthiest people in the spanish colonies

12

Caudillo

Military officer that rules Strictly

13

Campensino

Poor Latin American farmer

14

Rural

Having to do with the country side

15

Urban

Do w/ the city

16

Economy

The way that goods or services are produced and made available to people

17

Conquistador

16th century conquerors working for the Spanish Gov. who are in charge of gaining land and wealth in the Americas

18

Maize

Both the plant and kernel of corn