Flashcards in Great greeks Deck (14):
Focus was medicine
c. 460 BC
Known as father of medicine. First to write a medical code of good behavior.
Focus was mathematics
c. 570 BC - c. 480 BC
First to establish the principles of geometry. Pythagorean theorem (a2 +b2=c2). Tried to explain everything in mathematical terms. Taught that the world was round and revolved around a fixed point.
Date c. 300BC
Perhaps the most famous Greek mathematician. Wrote a book that organized info about geometry
Date 469BC to 399BC
Invented the Socratic method of teaching - ask pointed questions, to force his pupils to use their reason to see things for themselves. Accused of young Athenians to rebel against the state and was sentenced to death by drinking hemlock
Date 427 BC to 347 BC
Student of Socrates, founded a school in Athens using the Socratic method. Taught Aristotle
Date 384BC to 322BC
Sought truth through a systemic, scientific approach. Founded the school called Lyceum. Tutored Alexander the Great
Date c.480BC to c.429BC
The father of history. Wrote a history of the Persian wars.
Date c.460BC to c.395BC
One of the greatest historians of the ancient world. An Athenian general who fought in the war between Sparta and Athens. After he lost the battle and was sent into exile, he wrote his history of the Peloponnesian war.
Wrote the first epics of early Greece, the Iliad and The Odyssey accounts of the Trojan war and Odysseus' Journey home
Date 525BC to 456BC
One of the best known Athenian tragic poets wrote plays about complex theological problems, wanted to be known for fighting at marathon.
Date 497BC to 406BC
Second of three Athenian tragic writers. Only 7 of his 118 plays remain including Oedipus.
Date c.445BC to c.380BC
Athenian comic playwright, plays are full of jokes about politicians and parodies of contemporary literature. Most famous play was Lysistrata
485BC to 406BC
Last of Athens great tragic poets. His heroes and heroines face difficult choices which are finally solved by the sudden appearance of God. The Trojan woman is interpreted as a protest against warfare.