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Flashcards in Great greeks Deck (14):
1

Hippocrates

Focus was medicine
c. 460 BC
Known as father of medicine. First to write a medical code of good behavior.

2

Pythagoras

Focus was mathematics
c. 570 BC - c. 480 BC
First to establish the principles of geometry. Pythagorean theorem (a2 +b2=c2). Tried to explain everything in mathematical terms. Taught that the world was round and revolved around a fixed point.

3

Euclid

Focus mathematics
Date c. 300BC
Perhaps the most famous Greek mathematician. Wrote a book that organized info about geometry

4

Socrates

Focus philosophy
Date 469BC to 399BC
Invented the Socratic method of teaching - ask pointed questions, to force his pupils to use their reason to see things for themselves. Accused of young Athenians to rebel against the state and was sentenced to death by drinking hemlock

5

Plato

Focus philosophy
Date 427 BC to 347 BC
Student of Socrates, founded a school in Athens using the Socratic method. Taught Aristotle

6

Aristotle

Focus philosophy
Date 384BC to 322BC
Sought truth through a systemic, scientific approach. Founded the school called Lyceum. Tutored Alexander the Great

7

Herodotus

Focus Historian
Date c.480BC to c.429BC
The father of history. Wrote a history of the Persian wars.

8

Thucydides

Historian
Date c.460BC to c.395BC
One of the greatest historians of the ancient world. An Athenian general who fought in the war between Sparta and Athens. After he lost the battle and was sent into exile, he wrote his history of the Peloponnesian war.

9

Homer

Poet
Date c.mid-700sBC
Wrote the first epics of early Greece, the Iliad and The Odyssey accounts of the Trojan war and Odysseus' Journey home

10

Aeschylus

Playwright
Date 525BC to 456BC
One of the best known Athenian tragic poets wrote plays about complex theological problems, wanted to be known for fighting at marathon.

11

Sophocles

Playwright
Date 497BC to 406BC
Second of three Athenian tragic writers. Only 7 of his 118 plays remain including Oedipus.

12

Aristophanes

Playwright
Date c.445BC to c.380BC
Athenian comic playwright, plays are full of jokes about politicians and parodies of contemporary literature. Most famous play was Lysistrata

13

Euripides

Playwright
485BC to 406BC
Last of Athens great tragic poets. His heroes and heroines face difficult choices which are finally solved by the sudden appearance of God. The Trojan woman is interpreted as a protest against warfare.

14

Thales

Focus is science
Date d. 547 BC
He formulated a theory that water was the basic substance from which everything is made. First Greek scientist. Studied astronomy at Babylon and mathematics in Egypt. He could foretell a solar eclipse. Measured pyramids using geometry