FBMS Ch 1 and 2 Asia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FBMS Ch 1 and 2 Asia Deck (100):
0

Raised area of level land

Plateau

1

Able to support plant growth

Fertile

2

A group of islands

Archipelago

3

Average number of people living in a square kilometer

Population density

4

A wind that changes direction with the change of seasons

Monsoon

5

Tropical storm that develops over the Pacific Ocean with winds that reach greater than 74 miles per hour

Typhoon

6

Falling off or shedding, as in leaves, seasonally or at a certain stage in development

Deciduous

7

Country with a low industrial production and little modern technology

Developing country

8

Country with many industries and a well developed economy

Developed country

9

A level area on a hillside

Terrace

10

To grow two or more crops on the same land

Double cropping

11

A large land-mass that is a major part of a continent

Subcontinent

12

Made of topsoil deposited by rivers

Alluvial

13

Crop that is raised or gathered to be sold for money

Cash crop

14

An area in a desert where fresh water is available from an underground spring or well

Oasis

15

An oily liquid formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals; a fuel

Petroleum

16

A natural resource that can't be quickly replaced

Nonrenewable resources

17

A measurement of a person's or group's education, housing, health, and nutrition

Standard of living

18

Vast, mostly level, treeless plains that are covered in grasses

Steppe

19

emperor

male ruler of an empire

20

clan

series of rulers from the same family

21

dynasty

group of families of a common ancestor

22

cultural diffusion

the spreading of ideas or practices from one culture to others

23

dialect

a variation of a language that is unique to a certain region or area

24

homogeneous

group includes people that are identical or similar

25

ethnic group

shares characteristics such as language, religion ancestry and cultural traditions

26

what percentage of Japanese people live in cities

80

27

When did the Communists come to power in China and what changes did they make to the Chinese way of life?

1949> It changed Chinese farming and the modes of ownership of farms. It also attacked the ideas of large families.

28

The religion of Buddhism which China adopted from India is an example of what?

cultural migration, irrigation, cultural diffusion or communist rule?

29

Starting in ancient times, how was China ruled?

dynasties

30

Name 3 of China's cultural and technical advances

paper, gunpowder, silk weaving, and magnetic compass

31

Who unified Korea as one country

Shilla

32

What was the name of the kind of rulers that ruled Japan for more than 700 years

Shogun

33

When did western nations become interested in East Asia as a market to sell goods?

The 1800s

34

In what geographic area are old Chinese customs still followed?

Rural areas

35

What country is the most modern of the East Asian countries

Korea

36

What ethnic group do most of the people in China belong to

Han

37

What two Asian countries are particularly homogeneous?

Korea and China

38

What traditional mode of transportation still exists in China

three-wheeled pedicab

39

Commune

communities in which land is held in common and where members live and work together

40

How do businesspeople traditionally greet each other?

bowing

41

Weiqi

a game where one player has 181 black stones standing for night and the other 180 for day. The goal is to surround and capture the opponents stones

42

Who is Confucious?

He is a teacher who lived in China in 500BC who taught that all individuals have responsibilities and duties and if the person acts correctly peace and harmony will result

43

What is a civilization?

It has cities, a central government, workers who do specialized jobs, and social classes.

44

What is the Great Wall of China a symbol of?

Chinese desire to be walled-off from the rest of the world.

45

What did the Chinese in 600BC call their civilization?

Middle Kingdom

46

What were the major dynasties in China in order

Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han, Tang, Song, Ming, Qing

47

Major achievements of Shang

well developed writing, Chinese calendar and bronze casting

48

Zhou achievement

laws, iron tools and plows

49

Qin,

first great empire much of great wall built

50

Han

gov't based on Confucianism, Buddhism introduced

51

Tang

Sculpture and poetry flourish

52

Song

block printing and paper money, gunpowder

53

Ming

porcelain, the novel and drama

54

Qing

increased trade

55

How many dynasties did Korea have?

three

56

Why was Japan isolated from the outside world?

From 1640-1853, because it believed it was the best way to keep the country united

57

Who should have made the laws in 500 BC and who did instead?

The shoguns did and the Emperors should have?

58

Who is the Yamata

A dynasty that was powerful and believed it was descendants of the Sun princess

59

What is the climate in Southwest Asia?

arid or semi-arid, receiving less than 10inches of rain each year

60

What is Southwest Asia's biggest export

petroleum

61

What are some of Turkeys commercial farming crops

wheat, barley, cotton, sugar beets, fruit, olives and corn

62

what are Israels commercial farming crops

citrus fruits, cotton, peanuts and sugar cane

63

Bedouins

Arab speaking nomadic herders that have lived in Southwest Asia's deserts

64

What are Southwest Asia's two historic rivers

The Tigris and the Euphrates

65

what was the name of one of the world's first civilizations that was located between the Tigris and the Euphrates?

Mesopotamia

66

What is the capital of China

Beijing

67

What are the countries of Central Asia

Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgystan, Afganistan and Tajikistan

68

Steppes

vast mostly level treeless plains covered with vegetation

69

What is the largest lake in the world?

The Caspian Sea

70

What is Central Asia's climate?

Dry

71

What are the two major natural resources in Central Asia?

petroleum and natural gas

72

, What is a key economic activity in Central Asia

mining

73

what is the major land use in Central Asia

agriculture--, livestock raising and commercial farming

74

What turned Central Asia into a major cotton producer

Irrigation created by canals

75

Which country in particular has large oil and gas reserves

Kazakhstan

76

What is the major landform in Central Asia

Himalayas

77

What is a major crop in India?

tea

78

Do most of South Asia's population live in cities or rural areas?

Rural

79

What are the cash crops of Southeast Asia

tea, cotton, coffee and sugar cane

80

what are south Asia's major mineral resources

iron ore and coal

81

Why is petroleum important

Fuels automobiles, energy for industry and heat homes

82

What is the Baikonur?

The largest space-launch center in the world (in Central Asia)

83

What are the 5 major nations of island Souheast Asia

Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia and the Phillipines

84

What are the 5 mainland nations fr Southeast Asia

Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam

85

What is the ring of fire

islands that are a ring of volcanoes and earthquakes surrounding the pacific ocean

86

What is the climate in Vietnam and mainland Southeast Asia

tropical wet

87

How do typhoons affect land?

Causes widespread property damage and loss of life

88

What is the major economic activity in Southeast Asia

Farming

89

What is the chief crop in S'east Asia

rice

90

What is a paddy

a level field that is flooded to grow rice

91

What are rainforests a resource for?

lumber, medicine and chemicals

92

What naturall disasters are caused by the deforestation in Thailand

mudslides

93

What resource do S'east Asian people use for shelter

bamboo

94

What is the largest mineral resource of S"east Asia

natural gas

95

marsupial

animals that carry young in a pouch found in New Zealand and Australia

96

tectonic plate

the outer skin or crust of the earth broken into moving slabs of rock

97

Where do most Australians live and why?

Along the east coast of the continent because of the pleasant climate

98

what is a geyser

hot springs that shoot scalding water into the air

99

Fiords

narrow inlets bordered by steep slopes