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Flashcards in Aging - Fisher Deck (70)
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1

(blank) agin is universal to all members of a species

primary

2

Aging associated with disease, disuse, or abuse is (blank) aging

secondary

3

Rapid losses that ocurr shortly before death is (blank) aging

Tertiary

4

T/F: Late life are the psychological golden years

T

5

What are some of the changes in behavior during the golden years?

More confidence
More empathy and generosity
Improved reliability and organizational skills
Improved problem solving
Improved emotion regulation
Less anxiety and negative affect
More contentment

6

T/F: Processing capacity decreases while world knowledge and vocabulary increase with aging

T

7

is there a positive correlation between education and health outcomes?

Yes

8

T/F: More psychological development occurs during adulthood than childhood

T

9

T/F: young people more strongly prefer emotional ads than older people

F; old people like emotional ads waaaayyy more

10

do older people have an easier time recalling knowledge related items or emotionally meaningful items?

emotionally meaningful

11

Is the gain in world knowledge able to compensate in the decline of information processing?

Yes

12

Perceived time constrains on time motivate people to pursue what types of goals?

emotionally meaningful

13

T/F: Motivation to pursue emotionally meaningful goals influences the allocation of cognitive resources to emotional information

T

14

T/F: focusing on emotionally meaningful goals is good for one's well-being

T

15

When time is limited, what group of people do individuals want to spend time with?

Friends and family

16

Do people make different choices when they perceive time as limited versus unlimited?

YES

17

Are young adults able to accurately recognize information they have seen before regardless of content?

Yes

18

Are old adults able to accurately recognize information they have seen before regardless of content?

No, emotional content is more readily recognized

19

Generally, as we age, do we tend to remember the good things or the bad things? What is this called?

The good things; the positivity bias

20

In young people, Is there a statsitically significant difference in attention to positive and negative stimuli?

No

21

In old people, Is there a statsitically significant difference in attention to positive and negative stimuli? What do they focus on?

Yes, they focus almost exclusively on the positive

22

Greater contentment, calm, and more pleasure and less conflict in relationships are all upsides of the (blank) bias

positivity

23

what age group has the lowest level of stress?

65 and older

24

What age group has the highest level of stress?

45-64

25

Describe the characteristics of an older couple in a long term marriage?

Less potential for conflict
Better negotiation skills
More potential for pleasure in several areas
Equivalent levels of mental and physical health
Fewer gender differences in sources of pleasure
More positive emotions
More empathic listening
More patience and flexibility

26

The lowest rates of psychopathology are found in (early/late) life

late

27

Financial decision making, health care decision making, extra attention to *potential* benefits and less attention to potential risks are the downsides to a (blank) bias

positivity

28

What are some of the concerns of older adults?

Health and well-being of loved ones
Staying independent
Avoiding living in a nursing home
Financial concerns
Enjoying a high quality of life (even in the context of chronic disease)
Social support
Spirituality
Engagement in emotionally meaningful activity

29

Describe the concept of "compression of morbidity"?

Average age one becomes disabled for the first time is postponed, causing the time between the onset of disability and death to be compressed into a shorter period of time

30

Are nursing homes conducive to healthy aging? What factors play into its role in aging?

No; lack of privacy, lack of interaction with family and friends, forced to do all the things that the older mind no longer wants to do