Anatomy-Larynx, Nasal cavity w/ sinuses Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomy-Larynx, Nasal cavity w/ sinuses Deck (143)
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1

What is the opening to the larynx?

the aditus

2

What is the opening from the aditus to the vestibular folds?

vestibule

3

What is between the true and false vocal fold?

ventricle

4

What is below the true vocal folds?

infraglottic cavity

5

From the epiglottis to top fo crichoid cartilage is the (blank)

aditus

6

Will the aditus change size with swallowing?

yes

7

What is another name for the vestibular fold?

false vocal cord

8

What is the ventricle important for?

phonation

9

Does anythin contract the vocal folds?

no, the vibration of the vocal folds is caused by air moving past them (like a bassoon reed)

10

The area below vocal folds is the infraglottic cavity which takes you to the caudel end of the (Blank).

criocartilage

11

What is below the infraglottic cavity?

tracheal rings

12

What is the space between the epiglottis and the tongue?

valleculus

13

there is a very large cartilagenous mass called the (blank) which is a 2/3rd shield that is open (anteriorly/posteriorly)

thryoid cartilage
posteriorly

14

Which is more superior, the thryoid cartilage or cricoid cartilage?

thyroid cartilage

15

What is on top of the cricoid cartilage?

muscular process, arytenoids, vocal process

16

The vocal process has a (blank) that attaches between the vocal process and the anterior border of the thyroidcartilage.

ligament

17

Wat makes up a good part of the true vocal cords?

the vocal ligament

18

What does the muscular process do?

it has muscles attached to it which allows for the opening and closing of the vocal cords

19

Describe the orientation of the cricoid cartilage?

it is a complete ring with the posterior part being taller than the anterior part

20

What is between the thyroid cartilage and cricoid cartilage?

cricothyroid membrane

21

What is the core of the cricothyroid membrane made up of? What do the free edges of the cricothyroid membrane make up?

has an elastic core
part of the vocal ligament

22

Why type of joint is the cricoarytenoid joint and cricothyroid joint?

multiaxial synovial joint

23

What is the hole in the thyrohyoid membrane for?

it allows for the passageof the internal branch of the superior pharyngeal branch of the vagus

24

If you rock the cricocartilage forward towards the thyrocartilage,what will happen to the vocal ligament?

it will get tight

25

Who has a shorter vocal ligament, men or women?

women duhh

26

Insie the larynx there is a membranous mucous lining membrane that is called the (blank). This runs between the lateral aspect of the epiglotti and the arytenoid cartilage.

quadrangular membrane

27

What does the quadrangular membrane function in?

keep food from going into the aditus

28

What contains the cuneiform cartilage?

quadrangular membrane

29

What makes up the true vocal fold?

the conus elasticus

30

What makes up the false vocal fold?

the quadrangular membrane