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Flashcards in Albert Bandura Deck (20):
1

Social learning theory

• influenced by what you see socially around you
• learning via imitation(observing hen imitate)
• much learning happens in social environment

2

By observing other people, we acquire:

• knowledge
• strategies (how to react)
• rules (what is/isn't acceptable)
• beliefs (becomes more developed)
• skills
• attitudes

3

What are the reciprocal interactions (Triassic reciprocality)

Environment
Person
Behavior that is some sort present

4

Learning occurs either

Enactively

Or vicariously

5

Explain learning enactively

• learning through actual doing
• involves learning from the consequences of ones own actions

6

Explain learning vicariously

• learning by observing models perform
• much human learning occurs vicariously

7

Common source of vicarious learning

• observing/listening to models in person
• symbolic/non-human (cartoon characters/animals/superheroes)
• print (books and magazines)

8

Consequences of observation

• motivates people
• informs people of the accuracy/appropriateness of behavior

9

Explain self regulation

• as people become socialized they depend less on external rewards and punishments and increasingly regulate their own behaviors - reward and punish themselves
• you must be clear on your own goals
• children tend to adopt self evaluative standards of peers rather than adults

10

Explain the modeling process

Refers to behavioral, cognitive and effective changes deriving from observing one or more models

11

Explain inhibition

• occurs when models are punished for performing certain actions which in turn stops/prevents observers from acting accordingly

12

Explain disinhibition

•Occurs when models perform threatening/prohibited activities without experiencing negative consequences

13

Observable learning

We do what we do because we've seen others do it

14

Response facilitation

People learn skills and behaviors that don't perform because of lack of motivation

15

Name the 4 components of observable learning

Attentional process

Retention process

Production process

Reinforcement and motivational process

16

Explain Attentional process

• we cannot imitate a model of we don't pay attention to the model
• models attract our attention because they are distinctive and possess something that we want - we won't copy an unsuccessful person

17

Explain retentional process

• requires cognitively organized, rehearsed, coded and transformed modeled information for storage in memory
- knowledge can be stored as image/verbal/both

18

Explain rehearsal process

• the mental review of information

19

Explain production process

• translating visual and symbolic concepts of modeled events into overt behaviors
• teacher saying 'do you understand?' Children really don't understand

20

Explain reinforcement and motivation

• influences observational learning