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Education - 1st year > Jean Piaget > Flashcards

Flashcards in Jean Piaget Deck (21):


• a child changes/adapts somethings from the external environment do that it can fit into the pre-existing scheme

• taking in

A child always calling furry, four-legged animas a dog -> she will eventually create/develop a separate scheme for other animals



• a child changes/adapts a pre-existing scheme or cognitive structure to better fit the external environment

• change understanding to bring in knowledge/give room for new knowledge

• making changes in our structures for those object that don't quite fit into our existing structures

Noticing the difference between a dog and cat and no longer calling both dog


Factors that drive cognitive development

1. Maturation
2. Experience and practice
3. Social interaction and transmission
4. Equilibration


Explain maturation

• maturation of the nervous and endocrine systems (glands), enabling the individual to function in a particular way
• the individual also interacts with his/her environment in a particular way - a walking child differs from a crawling child)


Explain experience and practice

• maturation is not enough got cognitive development to occur, it needs practice and experience
• through experience, children become aware of the characteristics of objects and also learn the rules that apply in a situation


Explain social interaction and transmission

• people (parents, teachers, family members) educate and transmit knowledge through social interaction
• important to expose children to situations where they interact with others to gain new knowledge


Explain equilibration

• means balance - things making sense
• dos is the opposite
• this process occurs when children attempt to solve problems through a self-regulatory biological system



Organizing our ideas into coherent structures


Name Piaget's cognitive development stages and ages

1. Sensorimotor (birth-2 years)
2. Pre-operational (2-7 years)
3. Concrete operational (7-11 years)
4. Forms operational ( adolescence - adulthood)


Name the stages in the sensorimotor stage and ages

1. The use of reflexes (birth - 1 month)
2. Primary circular reactions (1 month- 4 months)
3. Secondary circular reactions (4 months- 10 months)
4. The coordination of secondary schemes (10 months - 12 months)
5. Tertiary circular reactions (12 months - 18 months)
6. The beginnings of though (18 months - 2 years)


Explain stage 1 (the use of reflexes)

• when children learn about and try to understand the world around them by doing things like grasping, sucking, crawling
• use of senses and simple reflexes


Explain stage 2 (primary circular reactions)

• when a baby comes upon a new experience and tried to repeat it

Bringing thumb/hand back and forth to mouth


Explain stage 3 (secondary circular reactions)

• occurs when a baby discovers and copies/reproduces an interesting event outside of himself/herself
• more advanced (shaking rattle because they like the sound)


Explain stage 4 (coordination of secondary schemes)

• infants actions become more differentiated
• they learn to coordinate two separate schemes to get a result


Explain stage 5 (tertiary circular reactions)

• the child will experiment with different actions to observe/see the different outcomes


Explain stage 6 (the beginnings of thought)

• children think out situations internally before they act


Name the two further stages that Pre-operational stage is divided into with ages

Pre-conceptual phase (2-4 years)

Intuitive phase (4-7 years)


Explain pre-conceptual phase

• children identity objects by names of classes (all men = daddy)
• illogical thinking and reasoning
• egocentric nature (seeing the world from only his/her standpoint)


Explain intuitive phase

• concepts are much more advanced
• thinking is carried out intuitively and not logically
• incapable of reversibility (reversing), conservation (see object as permanent when shape changes), seriation (arranging things increasing/decreasing size), classification


Explain concrete operational stage

• child can now do what they couldn't in Pre-operational
• child is capable of using logic for reasoning on concrete evidence
• they understand differences and similarities
• less egocentric


Explain Formal operations stage

• highest level of thinking attained by man
• ability to critique and debate
• able to concentrate his thoughts on things that have no existence - except in his/her mind