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Education - 1st year > Erik Erikson > Flashcards

Flashcards in Erik Erikson Deck (12):

What do adolescents have to master to develop their own identity?

• ego synthesis
• socio-cultural identity
• gender-role identity
• career identity
• own value systems


Explain ego synthesis

• A continuous image of the self
• no matter what, a person should feel like the same person all the time


Explain socio-cultural identity

Adolescents identity must include the value orientations of his/her culture


Explain gender-role identity

• must be firmly established
• adolescents must accept their identities as male or female


Explain career identity

• must be formed
• adolescents must be realistic regarding their own abilities and achievements


Explain own value system

• must be developed
• adolescents must rethink certain values to the extent that they might form an own philosophy which may serve as an anchor in their lives


What is identity confusion?

When adolescents are indecisive about themselves and their roles


Name stage 1 and explain (with age)

Trust vs mistrust (0-2 years)
• trust is fostered with constant love and care. They see the social world as a safe place to be

• mistrust is developed if needs aren't met


Name stage 2 and explain (with age)

Autonomy vs shame and doubt (2-3 years)

• when child is growing out of total dependent stage
• child needs considerable freedom, independence and autonomy to exercise control over her environment
• if she is gently encouraged to do what she can cope with - experience a sense of autonomy (control over herself and her life)
• if she is reprimanded/prevented from trying - experience shame and doubt about herself


Name and explain stage 3 (with age)

Initiative vs guilt (3-6 years)

• the world begins to expand, allowing the child to experience it with more physical competence
• child freely using his/her imagination without feelings of guilt/worry of punishment = will develop initiative
• if the child's not allowed to do things on their own = over come by a sense of guilt and fear that they are always wrong


Name and explain stage 4 (with age)

Industry vs inferiority (7-12 years)

• usually marked by beginning of school
• industry = characterized by work, doing, producing, creating and other related activities
• success of a task = sense of industry
• continuous failure = a sense of inferiority


Name and explain stage 5 (with age)

Identity vs role confusion (14-20 years)

• identity- an individual's awareness of them-self as an independent and unique person
• adolescents need to define who they are, what's important to them, directions they want to take in life
• failure to develop identity -> may lead to role confusion