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Education - 1st year > Erik Erikson > Flashcards

Flashcards in Erik Erikson Deck (12):
1

What do adolescents have to master to develop their own identity?

• ego synthesis
• socio-cultural identity
• gender-role identity
• career identity
• own value systems

2

Explain ego synthesis

• A continuous image of the self
• no matter what, a person should feel like the same person all the time

3

Explain socio-cultural identity

Adolescents identity must include the value orientations of his/her culture

4

Explain gender-role identity

• must be firmly established
• adolescents must accept their identities as male or female

5

Explain career identity

• must be formed
• adolescents must be realistic regarding their own abilities and achievements

6

Explain own value system

• must be developed
• adolescents must rethink certain values to the extent that they might form an own philosophy which may serve as an anchor in their lives

7

What is identity confusion?

When adolescents are indecisive about themselves and their roles

8

Name stage 1 and explain (with age)

Trust vs mistrust (0-2 years)
• trust is fostered with constant love and care. They see the social world as a safe place to be

• mistrust is developed if needs aren't met

9

Name stage 2 and explain (with age)

Autonomy vs shame and doubt (2-3 years)


• when child is growing out of total dependent stage
• child needs considerable freedom, independence and autonomy to exercise control over her environment
• if she is gently encouraged to do what she can cope with - experience a sense of autonomy (control over herself and her life)
• if she is reprimanded/prevented from trying - experience shame and doubt about herself

10

Name and explain stage 3 (with age)

Initiative vs guilt (3-6 years)

• the world begins to expand, allowing the child to experience it with more physical competence
• child freely using his/her imagination without feelings of guilt/worry of punishment = will develop initiative
• if the child's not allowed to do things on their own = over come by a sense of guilt and fear that they are always wrong

11

Name and explain stage 4 (with age)

Industry vs inferiority (7-12 years)

• usually marked by beginning of school
• industry = characterized by work, doing, producing, creating and other related activities
• success of a task = sense of industry
• continuous failure = a sense of inferiority

12

Name and explain stage 5 (with age)

Identity vs role confusion (14-20 years)

• identity- an individual's awareness of them-self as an independent and unique person
• adolescents need to define who they are, what's important to them, directions they want to take in life
• failure to develop identity -> may lead to role confusion