Alex II - Emancipation of the Serfs Flashcards Preview

Russian Rulers - Nature of Government > Alex II - Emancipation of the Serfs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Alex II - Emancipation of the Serfs Deck (18):
1

Emancipation took over ____ years to complete.

This was because of the ____ of the land settlement which varied between ____.

Emancipation took over 20 years to complete.

This was because of the complexity of the land settlement which varied between regions.

2

Alexander II emancipated ____ million landlord serfs

Alexander II emancipated 23 million landlord serfs

3

In the first phase of Emancipation from 1861-__, the ex-serfs gained the right to:

  • Decide to ____
  • Decide to ____
  • Now had ____ status

In the first phase of Emancipation from 1861-63, the ex-serfs gained the right to:

  • Decide to marry
  • Decide to travel
  • Now had legal status

4

However, after Emancipation in 1861, the serfs were compelled to stay under control of their landlords for the next ____ years, paying them the same ____ ____ as before.

However, after Emancipation in 1861, the serfs were compelled to stay under control of their landlords for the next two years, paying them the same feudal dues as before.

5

The serfs were allowed to keep their own ____ and the ____ ____.

However, they had to ____ the other land they ____.

They were sold ____, ____ strips that were not ____.

The best land (____, ____, and ____) reverted to the ____, so the serfs were arguably ____ ____ after Emancipation.

Discontent was especially felt in the rich, fertile areas of the ____ ____ and middle ____ provinces where pressure for land was most ____.

The serfs were allowed to keep their own cottages and the surrounding area.

However, they had to buy the other land they worked.

They were sold small, scattered strips that were not consolidated.

The best land (meadow, pasture, and woodland) reverted to the landlord, so the serfs were arguably worse off after Emancipation.

Discontent was especially felt in the rich, fertile areas of the Black Soil and middle Volga provinces where pressure for land was most acute.

6

The serfs remained '____ ____' until the landlord agreed the process of ____ ____.

The serfs remained 'temporarily obligated' until the landlord agreed the process of transferring land.

7

Peasants were made to pay Redemption payments for ____ years at _% interest.

These were roughly equal to the ____ ____ the serfs were paying before Emancipation.

Peasants found themselves burdened with ____, which was aggravated by continuing payment of ____ tax.

It was only in ____ that peasants' legal and economic ties were transferred from the landlord to the ____ and the ____.

Peasants were made to pay Redemption payments for 49 years at 6% interest.

These were roughly equal to the feudal dues the serfs were paying before Emancipation.

Peasants found themselves burdened with debt, which was aggravated by continuing payment of poll tax.

It was only in 1886 that peasants' legal and economic ties were transferred from the landlord to the commune and the government.

8

Landlords took advantage when serfs bought their land, charging on average ___% of the free market price for land.

Landlords took advantage when serfs bought their land, charging on average 134% of the free market price for land.

9

Over the next 20 years, __% of peasants became owners of land.

Over the next 20 years, 85% of peasants became owners of land.

10

Emancipation opened the way to more ____.

Emancipation opened the way to more reform.

11

Landowners compensated for the loss of control over serfs with increased ____ ____ powers through the ____.

Landowners compensated for the loss of control over serfs with increased local administrative powers through the zemstva.

12

Many landowners became ____.

Many landowners became poorer.

13

Some landowners lost up to a ____ of their land.

Some landowners lost up to a third of their land.

14

The majority of landlords remained ____ and ____ of change.

The majority of landlords remained conservative and resentful of change.

15

The decline of labour services encouraged the spread of a ____ economy and ____ initiatives.

The decline of labour services encouraged the spread of a money economy and business initiatives.

16

Emancipation encouraged the growth of ____, ____, ____, and ____ - paved way for ____!

Emancipation encouraged the growth of railways, banking, industry and cities - paved way for industrialisation!

17

The removal of the nobilitiy's legal power necessitated ____ ____:

  1. The opening of the ____
  2. The strengthening of the ____ powers and thereby the strengthening of ____ ____.

The removal of the nobilitiy's legal power necessitated legal reform:

  1. The opening of the Volosts
  2. The strengthening of the Mir's powers and thereby the strengthening of local autonomy.

18

The Mir gained the powers to:

  1. Distribute the ____
  2. Regulate the ____ of each individual
  3. Accept joint ____ responsibility of all members

The Mir gained the powers to:

  1. Distribute the allotments
  2. Regulate the dues of each individual
  3. Accept joint tax responsibility of all members