How far was Lenin a 'Red Tsar'? Flashcards Preview

Russian Rulers - Nature of Government > How far was Lenin a 'Red Tsar'? > Flashcards

Flashcards in How far was Lenin a 'Red Tsar'? Deck (19):
1

Lenin, like the Tsars, believed he had a ____ ____ to rule.

Whilst the Tsars believed in ____ right, Lenin believed that ____ destiny based on ____ gave him a similar right.

Neither leader felt there was any ____ ____ between the state and ruler.

Lenin, like the Tsars, believed he had a higher calling to rule.

Whilst the Tsars believed in divine right, Lenin believed that historical destiny based on Marxism gave him a similar right.

Neither leader felt there was any contractual obligation between the state and ruler.

2

Both groups had huge ____, and the ____ ____ apparatus.

Both groups had huge bureaucracies, and the secret police apparatus.

3

The Red Army and the Imperial Army both fought ____ enemies, ____ dissidents, and ____ uprisings.

The Red Army and the Imperial Army both fought external enemies, internal dissidents, and minority uprisings.

4

Industrial development ____.

Industrial development continued.

5

Lenin reserved the right to control the land through ____ in the same way the Tsar was the ultimate ____ of Russia.

Lenin reserved the right to control the land through requisitioning in the same way the Tsar was the ultimate landowner of Russia.

6

Whilst Lenin took more ____ than the Tsars, all of the ____ decisions were his:

  • The timing of the ____ ____
  • Treaty of ____-____ in ____ ____ (threatened to ____)
  • Initiation of '____ ____'
  • The _._._.

Whilst Lenin took more advice than the Tsars, all of the key decisions were his:

  • The timing of the October Revolution
  • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk in March 1918 (threatened to resign)
  • Initiation of 'war communism'
  • The NEP

7

Lenin made ____ to the people when necessary, through the _._._. and ____ Decrees in ____ ____ as did the Tsars with the ____ Manifesto and the ____ Edict.

Lenin made concessions to the people when necessary, through the NEP and Land Decrees in October 1917 as did the Tsars with the October Manifesto and the Emancipation Edict.

8

The Tsars and Lenin saw art as a significant tool of ____ ____.

The Tsars and Lenin saw art as a significant tool of national pride.

9

Difference:

Essentially, all the Tsars were ____ looking, aiming to implement reform to prevent ____ ____.

Lenin was a visionary aiming to ____ Russia

Difference:

Essentially, all the Tsars were backward looking, aiming to implement reform to prevent major change.

Lenin was a visionary aiming to change Russia

10

Difference:

The Leninist state was heavily ____ from the centre and dominated ____ ____ of life.

The Tsars' ____ and ____ bureaucracy could be cruel more through poor ____ rather than ____ decision making.

Difference:

The Leninist state was heavily politicised from the centre and dominated all areas of life.

The Tsars' cumbersome and inefficient bureaucracy could be cruel more through poor communications rather than political decision making.

11

Difference:

There was a larger scale of ____ violence through Lenin's rule, and more ____ engineering of the system.

Difference:

There was a larger scale of politicised violence through Lenin's rule, and more personal engineering of the system.

12

Difference:

The Tsars were attempting to maintain ____ agricultural practices with their reforms, whereas Lenin was trying to create a rural ____ through ____ ____.

Difference:

The Tsars were attempting to maintain traditional agricultural practices with their reforms, whereas Lenin was trying to create a rural proletariat through collective farming.

13

Difference:

The Tsars were far less interested in controlling ____ than Lenin.

Difference:

The Tsars were far less interested in controlling property than Lenin.

14

Difference:

The Tsars wished to secure ____ investment, whereas Lenin saw the USSR as a communistic ____.

Difference:

The Tsars wished to secure foreign investment, whereas Lenin saw the USSR as a communistic bubble.

15

Difference:

Lenin had a far more extensive ____ of ____ than any of the ____ that surrounded the Tsars.

Difference:

Lenin had a far more extensive cult of personality than any of the mystique that surrounded the Tsars.

16

Difference:

Lenin was more willing to ____ sections of his population  though ____ warfare.

The Tsars merely ____ opposition.

Difference:

Lenin was more willing to annihilate sections of his population  though class warfare.

The Tsars merely punished opposition.

17

Difference:

Lenin had far less acceptance of ____ democracy - Tsars had made some ____.

Difference:

Lenin had far less acceptance of representative democracy - Tsars had made some concessions.

18

Difference:

Artistically, Lenin's Russia tried to promote ____, whereas old Tsarist art had maintained a ____ tone.

Difference:

Artistically, Lenin's Russia tried to promote positivity, whereas old Tsarist art had maintained a sombre tone.

19

Overall, Lenin was quite Tsarist, especially in regards to ___ rule and ___ for rule.

However, he was more ____-____ and wanted to have even further ____ of the state, so ____ ____ a 'Red Tsar'.

Overall, Lenin was quite Tsarist, especially in regards to personal rule and justification for rule.

However, he was more forward-looking and wanted to have even further control of the state, so not actually a 'Red Tsar'.