Alsace, Jura, Savoie Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Alsace, Jura, Savoie Deck (149):
1

When did Alsace receive AOC status?

1962 - it was the last major French region to do so

2

When percentage of Cremant d'Alsace Rosé must be Pinot Noir?

100%

3

Where are the vineyards of Alsace located? What is the best exposure?

-Thin strand along the lower slopes and foothills of the Vosges
-Aspect is very important
-Southern, southeastern, & warm eastern exposures

4

Alsace is said to be a geological mosaic, what different soil types are located there?

-Granite
-Limestone
-Schist
-Clay
-Gravel
-Chalk
-Loess
-The local-pink sandstone (Grés de Vosges)

5

Can VT wines show bortytis?

Yes, but emphasize varietal purity

6

Are Vendange Tardive wins required to be dry?

Not obligated by statute to be sweet, the wines can vary in actual sugar, and can be quite dry

7

What is the workhorse for Cremant d'Alsace?

Pinot Blanc

8

Since when must standard Alsatian AOP Riesling be dry?

2008 vintage forward

9

What was Pinot Gris formerly known as in Alsace?

Tokay d'Alsace or Tokay Pinot Gris

10

What are the major requirements in the vineyard for Grand Cru wines?

-Hand-harvesting
-Min sugar must be higher than Alsace AOP
-Yields are more restrictive than Alsace AOP

11

What are the min ABV's for Alsatian Grand Cru wines?

-Riesling & Muscat - 11%
-Gewurztraminer & Pinot Gris - 12.5%

12

What is France's smallest "région"?

Alsace

13

What are the two departments of Alsace? Which is generally considered the best?

-Bas-Rhin
-Haut-Rhin (Best)

14

What steadily replaced Traminer in Alsace through the latter half of the 19th century?

Gewurztraminer (a pink berried clone of Traminer)

15

What is the synonym for Savagnin in Alsace?

Klevener

16

What is "Grés de Vosges"?

A local pink sandstone that can be found throughout Alsace

17

What soil is generally found on the steeper mountain slopes?

-Schist
-Granite
-Volcanic Sediment

18

What AOP in Alsace allows for noble and some non-noble grapes to be bottled varietally? What percentage must it contain? What is the exception?

-Alsace AOP aka Vin d'Alsace AOP
-100%
-Except Pinot Blanc - often blended w/the similar, but non synonymous, Auxerrois
-Even if Auxerrois is bottled as a single variety, it may be labeled Pinot Blanc

19

What non-noble varieties may be bottled varietally as Alsace AOP?

-Pinot Blanc
-Chasselas
-Sylvaner
-Pinot Noir

20

What are the permitted varieties for Cremant d'Alsace?

-Pinot Blanc
-Pinot Noir
-Riesling
-Pinot Gris
-Auxerrois
-Chardonnay

21

What are the min must weights for VT wines?

-Muscat & Riesling - 235 g/l
-Pinot Gris & Gewurztraminer - 257g/l

22

What is the smallest & largest Grand Cru vineyards in Alsace?

-3ha (Kanzlerberg)
-80ha (Schlossberg)

23

What are the main points of controversy for the Alsatian Grand Cru system?

-Rapid development of the system
-The lack of intermediary premier cru level

24

Klevener vs Gewurztraminer

Klevener is less intensely aromatic than GW but higher in acidity

25

What is edelzwicker?

An inexpensive blend
-Do not need to vintage dated
-Not required to be more than one grape (in practice they are blends)
-Do not need to indicate any % of grapes on the label

26

What portion of Alsatian production is sparkling?

Nearly a quarter

27

Where is Lorraine located?

Neighboring region to Alsace

28

What Grand Cru does Trimbach's Clos-Ste-Hune Riesling come from?

Rosacker

29

What is the synonym for Pinot Blanc in Alsace?

Klevner

30

What is the synonym for Chasselas in Alsace?

Gutedel

31

What is Gentil?

-A designation for blends
-Min 50% noble grapes - any other Alsace AOP grape may make up the rest
-Base wines are vinified separately

32

Who is the staunchest advocate for field blends as the best approach for emphasizing Alsatian terroir?

Marcel Deiss

33

What soil do the lower slopes of Alsace sit on?

Limestone base w/rich alluvial clay and gravel

34

What portion of Alsace AOP wine is white?

-90%
-18% of France's still white production (2008)

35

Wine simply labeled "Pinot" may contain any proportion of what related varieties?

-Pinot Noir
-Pinot Blanc
-Pinot Gris
-Auxerrois

36

What varietal is the largest volume of production for Alsace?

Pinot Blanc & Auxerrois - when considered collectively

37

What house chooses not to promote admissible wines as Alsace Grand Cru AOP?

Hugel

(Trimbach does not label their Clos Ste Hune as Rosacker, but as of '09 they released Geisberg Grand Cru)

38

What is the only red variety permitted to be Alsace AOP?

Pinot Noir

39

What are the AOPs of Lorraine?

-Côtes de Toul AOP
-Moselle AOP

40

What is Côtes de Toul AOP?

(Lorraine)
-Red - Pinot Noir (light)
-Rosé - pale vin gris style
-From a high proportion of Gamay & Pinot Noir
-White - Auxerrois & Aubin

41

Describe Alsace's climate. What is the major moderating influence?

-Vosges Mountains - provides a rain shadow
-Semi-continental
-One of France's driest & sunniest climates

42

What are the two designations for late-harvest wines? When were they created?

-1984
-Vendanges Tardive
-Sélections de Grain Noble's

43

What are the major requirements for VT and SGN to be labeled either Alsace AOP or Grand Cru AOP?

-Contain a single, noble variety
-Pass a blind tasting panel

44

What is the capital of Haut-Rhin?

Colmar

45

What is Alsace's most planted noble grape?

Riesling

46

What is last noble grape to ripen?

Riesling

47

When was Alsace Grand Cru system first proposed? When did the first appear? When were the rest promoted?

1975 - first decreed- Schlossberg
-1983 - 24 vineyards received the designation
-1985 - Another 25 vineyards promoted
-2007- 51st was promoted - Kaefferkopf

-2011- the actual number of Alsace Grand Crus increased from 1 to 51 as each received their own AOP

48

What is the Moselle AOP?

(Lorraine)
Red, white, rosé
-Principally from Auxerrois and Pinot Noir

49

Klevner vs Klevener

-Klevner - Pinot Blanc
-Klevener - Savagnin

50

What is the only AOP in Alsace to allow Chardonnay?

Cremant d'Alsace AOP

51

What is Savagnin Rose?

A pink berried clone of Traminer - aka Klevener

-Five communes may bottle this varietally under the Alsace AOP
-but vineyards may not be replanted
-designation expires in 2021

52

What are the noble grapes of Alsace?

-Riesling
-Pinot Gris
-Muscat
-Gewurztraminer

53

What clones of Muscat are permitted as a noble variety?

-Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains
-Muscat Rosé à Petits Grains
-Muscat Ottonel

54

Where are there still a few plantings of Klevener?

Heiligenstein in the Bas Rhin

55

Are SGN wines required to be sweet?

No, but in practice are always dessert-like

56

What are the min must weights for SGN?

-Muscat & Riesling - 276g/l
-Pinot Gris & Gewurztraminer - 306g/l

(@306 amongst the highest min must weights in France)

57

What 2 Grand Cru vineyards allow for blending according to prescribed proportions?

-Altenberg de Bergheim
-Kaefferkopf

58

What is the historical site for Sylvaner?

-Zotzenberg
-Allows for Sylvaner varietal Grand Cru wines

59

What are the two designations for Alsatian blends?

Gentil & Edelzwicker

60

What is the standard AOP for the Jura?

Côtes du Jura AOP
(Red, white, rosé)

61

What grapes are permitted for Côtes du Jura AOP red wines?

-Poulsard (Ploussard)
-Trousseau
-Pinot Noir

62

What is Savagnin known locally as in the Jura?

Naturé

63

What is Chardonnay known as in the Jura?

Gamay Blanc

64

What is the grape of Vin Jaune in Jura?

Savagnin

65

What are the permitted grapes for Vin de Paille in Jura?

-Poulsard
-Chardonnay
-Savagnin
-Trousseau
-Pinot Noir is EXCLUDED

66

In poor vintages (like 1980 & 1984), what may the wines of Chateau Chalon be declassified as?

Côtes du Jura AOP

67

What is Altesse known as in Savoie?

Roussette

68

What is the most common grape of Savoie?

Jacquère - not the best quality though

69

What is the regional appellation for Altesse in Savoie?

Roussette de Savoie
-100% varietal
-Chard no longer allowed for blending

70

What communes may append their name to Roussette de Bugey AOP? Varietal?

-100% Altesse
-Montagnieu
-Virieu le Grand

71

What are the 3 communal appellations of Jura?

-Arbois
-L'Etoile
-Chateau Chalon

72

What is the Jura's leading wine village?

Arbois

73

What is the home of Louis Pasteur?

Arbois

74

What 4 communes may append their name to Roussette de Savoie AOP?

-Frangy
-Marestel
-Monterminod
-Monthoux

75

What is produced under the Seyssel AOP?

Vin Tranquille Blanc (Sec and Demi-Sec): 100% Altesse
Varietal-Labeled Molette (Tranquille): 100% Molette
Vin Mousseux Blanc: Min. 10% Altesse, plus Chasselas and Molette

76

What is vin de paille? What is the min must weight?
How long must it be aged?

-AKA straw wine
-Ripe, but not botrytized, grapes are left to dry for a min of 6 weeks
-Must achieve min must weight of 320g/l
-Aging - min 3 yrs (18 months in neutral wood)

77

What AOPs of Jura may produce vin de paille?

-Arbois
-L'Etoile
-Côtes du Jura

78

What Savoie AOP located north of Lake Bourget produce dry and off-dry still mousseux wines?

Seyssel AOP

79

What is Chateau Chalon?

-A commune
-Specializes in Vin Jaune
-Must be the classic vin jaune style

80

What is the grape of vin jaune? How long is it kept in barrel? What is the difference between this and fino sherry?

-Exclusively Savagnin
-Post-fermentation, it is kept in barrel until Dec 15th of the 6th year following harvest
-The wine is not topped up
-The voile, or veil, develops
-Unlike sherry, it is not fortified

81

What 3 crus are located along the shores of Lake Geneva in Savoie and require a min 80% Chasselas?

-Marignan
-Ripaille
-Crépy

82

What is Roussanne known as in Savoie?

Bergeron

83

What production method is Crémant du Jura AOP? When was it established?

-Méthode Traditionelle
-1995

84

What is macvin du Jura? What colors can it be? How long must it be aged?

-Vin de liqueur
-Aged marc is added to unfermented grape must
-May be red, rosé or white
-Must be aged in oak for one year after mutage

85

What appellation in Savoie can produce Méthode Ancestrale Rosés?

Bugey Cerdon

86

When did Bugey AOP get upgraded? What color wines?

May 2009
-Red, rosé, white

87

What is the required bottle for Chateau Chalon?

-A clavelin
-A squat 62 cl bottle

88

Of the 12 communes, what is the only one that is allowed to append its name to Arbois AOP?

Pupillin

89

Describe the L'Etoile AOP. What grapes are permitted?

-White wine only appellation
-Chard, Poulsard (generally the blanc mutation), and Savagnin
-Generally bottled late in an oxidative style

90

What are the 3 most common red grapes for red and rosé vin de Savoie?

-Gamay
-Mondeuse
-Pinot Noir

91

Which cru in Savoie is 100% exclusively Roussanne?

Chignin-Bergeron

92

What grapes are the best Savoie whites produced from?

-Altesse
-Roussanne (Bergeron)
-Chardonnay

93

What is western Europe's largest body of water?

Lake Geneva (known as Lac Léman in France)

94

What grapes are permitted for Côtes du Jura AOP white wines?

-Typically 100% Chard (Gamay Blanc)
-Savagnin

95

What grapes are permitted for Côtes du Jura AOP rosé wines?

-Can include all 5 grapes

-Poulsard
-Trousseau
-Pinot Noir
-Chardonnay
-Savagnin

-Usually made in a vin gris style

96

Capital of Alsace Lorraine

Strasbourg

97

Better vineyards of Alsace get what type of exposure?

South, southeastern or eastern (to maximize sunlight)

98

Lower slopes of Alsace typically have ___ soils:

They sit on a limestone base

99

Plains at the base of the mountains in Alsace typically have ___ soils:

Richer alluvial clay and gravel

100

Last Alsatian grand cru to be added:

Kaefferkopt in 2006

101

Altenberg de Bergheim and Kaefferkopt are known for:

Being grand crus allowed to use blends

102

Zotzenberg is known for:

Using Sylvaner in their grand cru wines

103

What is the general minimum alcohol for Alsace grande cru muscat?

11%

104

The term VT was authorized for use by Alsatian producers in:

1984

105

Which grand crus of Alsace can produce blends?

Altenberg de Bergheim and Kaefferkupt

106

Sylvaner may be bottled as a single varietal in which grand cru of Alsace?

Zotzenberg

107

Of the 4 noble grapes of Alsace, which typically have less acidity?

Muscat and Gewürztraminer

108

Gewürztraminer is genetically linked to which grape of Jura?

Savagnin

109

Most northerly grand cru of Alsace

Steinklotz

110

Most southerly grand cru in Alsace

Kaefferkopt

111

What 5 communes can bottle Klevener de Heilgenstein?

Heilgenstein; Bourgheim; Gertwiller; Goxwiller; Obernai

112

When was Alsace Grand Cru AOP first proposed? What was the first promoted vineyard?

1975- Schlossberg

113

What is the harvest method required for Alsace Grand Cru?

hand harvesting

114

What is the minimum abv required for Riesling and Muscat?

11%

115

What is the minimum abv required for Pinot Gris and Gewurz?

12.5%

116

When were the designations VT and SGN created?

1984

117

What are the red only subzones of Alsace?

Ottrott, Rodern, Saint Hippolyte

118

What subzone can make red and whites in Alsace?

Cote de Rouffach

119

What is the minimum potential alcohol for non-varietally labeled whites?

9.5%

120

What is the minimum potential alcohol for Pinot Blanc, Pinot, Riesling, and Auxerrios?

10% (10.5% if labeled with subzone or lieu-dit)

121

What is the minimum potential alcohol for Chasseslas, Muscat Ottonel, Muscat, and Sylvaner?

9.5% (10.5% if labeled with subzone or lieu-dit)

122

VT and SGN requirements:

-Cannot be chapitalized; -Must be vintage dated; -VT must be late harvested and may be affected by bot; -SGN wines must be affected by bot and harvested in tries; -VT and SGN cannot be released until June 1 of the year following harvest

123

All Alsatian wines must be bottled in...

Vin du Rhin/ Flute d'Alsace bottle

124

Where is Jura located?

Eastern France (south of Alsace, east of burgundy) on the Swiss border.

125

Soils of Jura

Jurassic limestone & marl with a substantial amount of clay at the lowest sites

126

Jura climate

Continental with harshly cold winters

127

Which appellation of Jura is white only?

L'Etoile. Using Chardonnay, poulsard and savagnin. Typically bottled late in an oxidative style

128

How long is chateau Chalon kept in barrel after fermentation?

Until December 15 of the 6th year following harvest

129

What is a 'voille'

A film-forming yeast that covers the wines surface, similar to the flor of sherry

130

Clavelin

The required bottle for a chateau Chalon wine. It's a squat bottle that holds 62 cl (about 20 ounces)

131

Elevage of vin de Paille from Jura.

Min 3 years including 18 months in neutral wood barrels

132

What is the vin de liqueur appellation of Jura?

Macvin du Jura

133

Pupullin is a subzone of which Jura region?

Arbois

134

Climate of Savoie

Continental, moderated by lake Bourget and lake Geneva

135

Red grapes of vin de Savoie AOP

Gamay, mondeuse, Pinot noir

136

White grapes of vin de Savoie AOP

Jacquere (most common), but altesse, roussanne, and Chardonnay produce higher quality wines

137

Seyssel AOP (Savoie)

North of Lake Bourget. Dry, off-dry, and mousseux wines. Still wines = 100% altesse. Sparkling wines = min 10% altesse + molette & chasselas

138

Bugey AOP (Savoie)

Upgraded in may 2009. Red, rosé, and white wines. Sparkling wines labeled as Bugey-Cerdon

139

4 communes of Roussette de Savoie AOP

Frangy, Marestel, Monterminod, Monthoux

140

2 communes of Rousette de Bugey AOP

Montagnieu & Virieu Le Grand

141

Most producers of Grand Crus of Alsace must declare their intent to make a grand cru wine by when?

March 1st the year of harvest

142

What are the two permitted training methods for Alsace Grand Cru wines?

Single and Double Guyot

143

Name 2 Grand Crus of the Bas Rhin

Steinklotz
Zotzenberg

144

Name 5 Grand Crus of the Haut Rhin

Altenberg de Bergheim
Brand
Furstentum
Geisberg
Hengst
Kaefferkopf
Kanzlerberg
Kessler
Mambourg
Osterberg
Rangen
Rosacker
Saering
Schlossberg
Sommerberg

145

What are the two clos vineyards of Rangen?

Clos de Theobald- Schoffit
Clos St Urbain- Zind-Humbrecht

146

What is the clos vineyard of Rosacker?

Clos Ste Hune- Trimbach

147

What are the blending proportions for Altenberg de Bergheim?

50-70% Riesling
10-25% Pinot Gris
10-25% Gewurztraminer
Max 10% Chasselas + Muscat + Pinot Noir + Pinot Blanc

148

What are the blending proportions for Kaerfferkopf?

60-80% Gewurztraminer
10-40% Riesling
max 30% Pinot Gris
max 10% Muscat

149

Name two Grand Crus of Alsace that do not allow for varietally labeled Muscat.

Zotzenberg
Kaefferkopf