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Flashcards in Austria Deck (177):
1

What is Gemischter Satz? Where is it still popular?

-A traditional field blend
-Carnuntum and Wien

2

What subregions of Niederösterreich have a DAC status?

-Weinviertal
-Traisental
-Kamptal
-Kremstal

3

Is Welschriesling related to Riesling?

No and it is inferior

4

What region of Austria shares many viticultural and climatic traits with Hungary?

Burgenland

5

Describe the climate of the Burgenland.

-Hot Pannonian (Continental) Climate - Tempered by the cooling influence of the Neusiedlersee Lake

6

What grape are the DAC wines of Weinviertal? What are the min ABVs for both Normal and Reserve? What is required of the wines?

-Grüner Veltliner
-Min ABV 12%
-Approved by tasting panel - must show a distinct peppery note
-No obvious wood or botrytis notes

-RESERVE
-Debuted w/the 2009 vintage
-Fuller-bodied wines
-Min ABV - 13%
-May reveal hints of wood or botrytis
-Supported by richer character in the wine

7

What region contains Austria's best vineyards?

Wachau

8

Describe the Wachau's location.

A narrow band of steep slopes
-Along the Danube's bank
-Located between the Melk and Krems Rivers

9

Where are the Wachau's best vineyards located?

Terraced along the northern banks of the Danube

10

What is gföhler?

The local name for the soil in the Wachau.
It is a combination of Loess and gföhler (gneiss)

11

What is the min ABV of Austrian Prädikatswein?

5%

12

What is peculiar about Austrian Kabinett?

-Rather than the beginning rung of Prädikatswein it is a subset of Qualitätswein

13

What is the scale for must weights used in Austria? What is the ratio for sugar to must weight?

Klosterneuberger Mostwaage Scale

1ºKMW = 1% Sugar content of the must

14

What are the min must weights for Austrian wine?

-Generic Wine - 10.6ºKMW
-Landwein - 14ºKMW
-Qualitätswein - 15ºKMW
-Kabinett - 17ºKMW
-Spätlese - 19ºKMW
-Auslese - 21ºKMW
-Beerenauslese - 25ºKMW
-Strohwein - 25ºKMW
-Eiswein - 27ºKMW
-Ausbruch - 27ºKMW
-Trockenbeerenauslese - 30ºKMW

15

What village is Achleiten in?

-A vineyard located in the village of Weissenkirchen (Wachau)
-Home to the region's most pedigreed vines
-Produced by some of Wachau's finest producers
-FX Pichler
-Prager
-Emmerich Knoll

16

What is the Vinea Wachau?

-Founded in 1983
-Members control more than 85% of the Wachau's vineyard acreage
-An org. or estates sworn to uphold the tenets of natural winemaking
-As spelled out in the Codex
›No additives (including chaptalization)
›No aromatization (including the use of new barrique)
›No fractionization (techniques such as de-alc'ing)
-All wines released by members must be bottled in the Wachau and vinified from grapes grown there

17

When does the first Trockenbeerenauslese in Austria date to?

-1526
-Predating German Spätlese by over 200 years

18

What is the largest wine growing region in Austria?

-Niederösterreich (Lower Austria)

(Contains twice the planted vineyard area of the next leading weinebaugiete - Burgenland)

19

What is the Pannonian Plain?

-Located in the southern Niederösterreich
-A former seabed of loess soils stretching from eastern Austria through Hungary and many countries of former eastern bloc
-Continental climate - hot, dry summers/severe winters

20

What are Austria's 3 major winemaking regions (Weinbaugebiete)?

-Niederösterreich
-Burgenland
-Styrie (Steiermark; contains less than 10% of the country's vineyards)

21

What are the 3 quality levels of Austrian wine? What are their max yields?

-Wein
-Landwein
-Qualitätswein

-All share the same max yield of 9,000kg/ha (67.5hl/ha)

22

What was Wagram known as prior to 2007?

Donauland

23

What are the 8 subzones of Niederösterreich? Which are long the Danube? Which are not?

-Along the Danube
-Carnuntum
-Traisental
-Wagram
-Kremstal
-Kamptal
-Wachau

-Not along the Danube
-Weinviertal
-Thermenregion

24

What was Austria's first DAC (and also Niederösterreich's largest subzone)?

Weinviertal (2002)

25

What wine quality tier in Austria require a tasting panel and chemical analysis?

Qualitätswein

26

What is required for Qualitätswein bottles?

-State control number (prüfnummer)
-Red & white banderole on the bottle's capsule

27

What is the Kamptal's most important town of production?

-Langenlois

28

What tributary of the Danube is the Kremstal on?

Krems River

29

What is the synonym for Blaufränkisch in Germany? Hungary?

Germany - Lemberger
Hungary - Kékfrankos

30

Where is Roter Veltliner considered a local specialty? What is it?

-A specialty of Wagram
-Unrelated to Grüner
-Red grape - produced as a white wine

31

Where is the Klosterneuberg Institute located?

Wagram

32

What is the main grape of Wagram?

Grüner Veltliner

33

What is Steiermark's most cultivated grape? Second?

-Welschriesling
-Weissburgunder

34

What is the Österreichischen Traditionsweinguter?

-An association of producers founded in 1992
-Created the "Erste Lage" status - which is not legally recognized
-The organization is closely aligning itself w/the DAC concept
-Only GV & RS may carry the Austrian "Erste Lage" logo

35

What is the most cultivated white variety in Austria? What portion of the vineyards are planted to it?

Grüner Veltliner
-Indigenous
-Nearly 30% of the total vineyard acreage

36

What is Strohwein?

-A dried grape wine
-Of at least Beerenauslese ripeness

37

What is Ausbruch?

A sweet-specialty of Rust in Neusiedlersee-Hügelland

38

What does Federspiel mean? What are the reqs?

-Named for falconer's tool
-Min 17ºKMW
-ABV - 11.5% - 12.5%

39

What region produces the best red and sweet wines in Austria?

Burgenland

40

What are the reqs for Smaragd? What was it named for?

-An emerald lizard that basks in the sun on the terraces
-Min ABV - 12.5%
-Min Must Weight - 19ºKMW ~ 95ºOechsle or Spätlese ripeness
-Wines must be dry
-They can show signs of botrytis

41

What two Burgenland subzones are divided by Lake Neusiedlersee?

-Neusiedlersee
-Neusiedlersee-Hügelland

42

What are Burgenland's subzones?

-Neusiedlersee
-Neusiedlersee-Hügelland
-Mittelburgenland (South)
-Südburgenland (South)

43

What are the DACs of the Burgenland?

-Mittelburgenland
-Leithaberg (Neusiedlersee-Hügelland)
-Eisenberg
-Neusiedlersee

44

What are the red DACs of Austria?

-Mittelburgenland (Blaufränkisch)
-Leithaberg (Blaufränkisch)
-Eisenberg (Blaufränkisch)
-Neusiedlersee (Zweigelt)

45

Which 3 DACs of Niederösterreich are very similar? Describe the regulations.

-Traisental, Kamptal, and Kremstal DACs
-May be Grüner or Riesling
-Grüner may show a more delicate spice
-Standard or "Reserve"
-Min ABV - 12% & 13%
-Standard may have no obvious notes of wood or botrytis

46

What tributary of the Danube is the Kamptal located on?

Kamp River (Neighbor to Kremstal)

47

How many "Erste Lage" sites are there? When were they promoted? What regions are they in?

-2010
-52 sites
-Kremstal, Kamptal, Wagram & Traisental

48

What varieties may carry the Austrian "Erste Lage" logo?

Gruner Veltliner and Riesling

49

Describe the wines of the Mittelburgenland DAC regulations.

-Red from Blaufränkisch
-Normal
-Not sold until 3/1 of the year following harvest
-Min ABV - 12.5%

-RESERVE
-Not sold until 3/1 of the 2nd year following harvest
-Min ABV - 13%
-Large cask or used; in the event of barrique aging (Although many producers experiment w/barriques)

50

Where is the Leithaberg DAC located? What varieties are permitted?

•Neusiedlersee-Hügelland

-White - may be single variety or blends
-Grüner Veltliner
-Chardonnay
-Neuburger
-Weissburgunder

-Red
-Min 85% Blaufränkisch

51

What are the 6 most important white grapes in Austria?

-Grüner Veltliner
-Welschriesling
-Müller Thurgau
-Weißburgunder
-Riesling
-Chardonnay

52

How many grapes are permitted for Austrian Qualitätswein and Landwein?

The same 35 grapes

53

What is allowed on the label for "wein" category wines?

-Vintage
-Variety
-May not be more exclusive than Österreich

54

What white grape performs especially well in Südsteiermark?

Sauvignon Blanc

55

What grapes are used to produce modern Ausbruch from Ruster?

-Chardonnay
-Muskatellar
-Pinot Blanc
-Neuburger
-Welschriesling
-Traminer
-Pinot Gris

56

What is Blauer Wildbacher?

-An ancient red grape
-Comprised over 95% of the red grape acreage in Weststeiermark
-Often vinified as Schicher (a racy style of local rosé)

57

What are the subregions to Steiermark (Styria)?

-Südsteiermark
-Weststeiermark
-Süduststeiermark

58

What are the main grapes of Thermenregion?

-Rare white grapes
-Rotgipfler
-Zierfandler
-Produced varietally or blended Spätrot-Rotgipfler

59

What are the synonyms for Chardonnay in Austria?

-Morillon
-Feinburgunder

60

Where was Alois Kracher located? What was he known for?

-Illmitz (Neusiedlersee)
-Eiswein, BA & TBA are legendary
-Especially TBA Scheurebe, considered one of the finest expressions

61

What is the leading red grape in Austria?

Zweigelt
-Blaufränkisch x St. Laurent
-Developed in 1922

62

What are the 4 most important red grapes in Austria?

-Zweigelt
-Blaufränkisch
-Blauer Portugieser
-Blauburger

63

What are the levels of classification the producers have developed in the Wachau?

-Steinfeder
-Federspiel
-Smaragd

64

What does Steinfeder mean? What are the reqs?

-Named for the local grass in the vineyard
-Min must - 15ºKMW
-Max ABV 11.5%

65

What are the 2 additional categories in the Austrian Prädikatswein that is not found in the German?

-Strohwein
-Ausbruch

66

Are winemakers allowed to chaptalize or add Süssreserve to Qualitätsweins?

No

67

What are the Blaufränkisch based DACs of Austria?

-Mittelburgenland
-Leithaberg
-Eisenberg

68

What is the sole Zweigelt DAC of Austria? When was it promoted?

-Neusiedlersee
-2012

69

What is Schicher?

-A racy style of local rosé in Weststeiermark

70

When did "Wein" replace "Tafelwein"?

In time for the 2009 vintage

71

What portion of Austrian wine is Qualitätswein?

two-thirds

72

How many hectares is Wien (Vienna)?

700ha

73

Where is Rust located?

-Neusiedlersee-Hügelland

74

Describe the production process of Ausbruch.

-Richly concentrated, botrytis-affected must is added to less concentrated must
-Traditionally Furmint grapes were used
-From fruit harvested in the same vineyard
-The two are cofermented
-Then aged in barrel before release

75

What 3 broad geographic regions (Weinbauregionen) may be labeled "landwein"?

-Weinland (Niederösterreich, Wien, Burgenland)
-Steierland (Steiermark)
-Bergland

76

Where are most of Austria's lusciously sweet wines produced?

Around the lake of Neusiedlersee in the Burgenland (but a vast majority of Austria's wines are fermented to dry)

77

What is Spätrot-Rotgipfler?

A blend of Rotgipfler and Zierfandler, produced in Thermenregion

78

What is the "Erste Lage" logo?

1ötw

79

What is the main grape of Carnuntum?

Zweigelt

80

What two categories can Qualitätswein be divided into?

-Prädikatswein
-Districtus Austriae Controllatus (DAC)

81

What is Heuriger? Sturm?

Heuriger
-A primeur wine consumed in its infancy in taverns of the same name

Sturm
-Even fresher than Heuriger
-Half-fermented, sparkling grape juice
-Usually accompanies harvest-time meals

82

What is Blauburger a cross of?

Blaufrankisch x Blauer Portugieser

83

What percentage of Austria's acreage is white varieties?

-65% (2012)

84

What are the 9 DACs that have been developed?

-Weinviertel (2002)
-Mittelburgenland (2005)
-Traisental (2006)
-Kremstal (2008)
-Kamptal (2008)
-Leithaberg (2009)
-Eisenberg (2010)
-Neusiedlersee (2012)
-Wien Gemischter Satz (2013)

85

What is the only European city to have its own wine appellation within city limits?

Vienna

86

Which subregions of Niederösterreich do not have a DAC status?

-Carnuntum
-Thermenregion
-Wagram
-Wachau

87

Which sub-regions of Niederösterreich are not along the Danube?

Weinviertal
Thermenregion

88

Which sub-regions of Niederösterreich are along the Danube?

Carnuntum
Traisental
Wagram
Kremstal
Kamptal
Wachau

89

Where is the Dechant vineyard?

Langelois (Kamptal)

90

Where is the Heiligenstein vineyard?

Zöbing (Kamptal)

91

Where is the Lamm vineyard?

Kammern (Kamptal)

92

When was the viticultural research institute at Klosterneuburg built?

1860

93

What was the chemical used in the 'antifreeze' scandal of 1985?

Diethylene glycol- a colorless, ordorless, poisonous chemical

94

What is the name for a major winemaking region?

Weinbaugebiete

95

What are the four weinbaugebiete from north to south?

Niederosterreich, Wein (Vienna), Burgenland and Styria (Steiermark)

96

What are the three levels of quality defined by Austrian wine law?

Wein, Landwein and Qualitatswein

97

What is the maximum yield for all three quality levels of wine?

9,000 kg/ha

98

What are the two subdivisions of the Qualitatswein level?

Pradikatswein and Districtus Austriae Controllatus (DAC)

99

What are the differences between the German and Austrian Pradikat?

Austrian Pradikat does not include Kabinett (it is instead a subset of Qualitatswein) and includes the categories of strohwein and ausbruch

100

What are the levels of the Praditkatswein?


Spatlese, Auslese, Beerenauslese, Strohwein, Eiswein, Ausbruch, and Trockenbeerenauslese

101

What is the minimum must weight of Landwein?

14 KMW

102

What is the minimum must weight of Qualitatswein?

15 KMW

103

What is the minimum must weight of Kabinett?

17 KMW

104

What is the minimum must weight of Spatlese?

19 KMW

105

What is the minimum must weight of Auslese?

21 KMW

106

What is the minimum must weight of Beerenauslese?

25 KMW

107

What is the minimum must weight of Strohwein?

25 KMW

108

What is the minimum must weight of Eiswein?

27 KMW

109

What is the minimum must weight of Ausbruch?

27 KMW

110

What is the minimum must weight of TBA?

30 KMW

111

What is the climate of Niederosterreich?

Continental- hot, dry summers and severe winters

112

Where are most of Niederosterreich's subzones? What are the exceptions?

Located along the Danube River or its tributaries; The exceptions are Weinviertel and Thermenregion

113

What are the grapes allowed for Traisental DAC?

Gruner Veltliner and Riesling

114

What are the soils of Traisental DAC?

Limestone and gravel

115

What are the allowed grapes of Kamptal DAC?

Gruner Veltliner and Riesling

116

Name 5 villages of Kamptal DAC.

Engabrunner, Kammern, Langenlois, Strass im Strassertal, Zöbing

117

Who are the top producers of Kamptal DAC?

Schloss Gobelsberg, Brundlmayer, Brandl, Hirsch and Hiedler

118

What are the authorized grapes of Kremstal DAC?

Gruner Veltliner and Riesling

119

Name the 11 villages of Kremstal DAC.

Angern, Furth, Gedersdorf, Hollenberg, Krems, Oberfucha/Furth, Palt, Rohrendorf, Senftenberg, Stein, and Stratzing

120

Who are the key producers of Kremstal DAC?

Stadt Krems and Nigl

121

What are the authorized grapes of Weinviertel DAC?

Gruner Veltliner

122

What are the principle grapes of the Wachau?

Gruner, Riesling, Zweigelt, Muller-Thurgau, and Neuburger

123

What are the major villages of the Wachau?

Spitz, Weissenkirchen, Wosendorf, Joching, Durnstein, Unterloiben, Oberloiben and Mautern

124

Who are the key producers of the Wachau?

Emmerich Knoll, Franz Hirtzberger, Rudi Pichler, FX Pichler and Prager

125

What are the principle grapes of Wagram?

Gruner, Zweigelt, Muller Thurgau

126

What are the major villages of Wagram?

Fels am Wagram, Feuersbrunn, Kirchberg and Grossweikersdorf

127

Who are the key producers of Wagram?

Stift Klosterneuberg, Bernhard Ott, Wimmer-Czerny and Leth

128

What are the principle grapes of Thermenregion?

Zweigelt, Blauer Portugieser, Neuburger, Gruner, St. Laurent, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Noir, Rotgipfler

129

What are the primary soils of Thermenregion?

Clay, sandy loam and brown earth

130

Who is a key producer of Thermenregion?

Johanneshof Reinisch

131

What are the principle grapes of Carnuntum?

Zweigelt, Gruner, Blaufrankisch, Merlot, and Welschriesling

132

What are the primary soils of Carnuntum?

Stony loam and loess

133

Who are the key producers of Carnuntum?

Mahr-van der Niepoort, Gerhard Markowitsch and Glatzer

134

In 2010, which subregions of Niederosterreich had vineyards elevated to Erste Lage?

Kremsta, Kamptal, Wagram and Traisental

135

What is the westernmost subregion of Niederosterreich?

Wachau

136

What is the soil structure of Wachau?

A combination of loess and gfohler (gneiss) with a proportion of alluvial sand in the lower vineyard sites near the river's edge

137

Instead of the using the typical Pradikatswein hierarchy, what do the producers of the Wachau use?

Steinfeder, Federspiel and Smaragd

138

What is the minimum must weight and maximum ABV for Steinfeder?

15 KMW and 11.5%

139

What is the minimum must weight and ABV range for Federspiel?

17 KMW and 11.5-12.5%

140

What is the minimum must weight and ABV minimum for Smaragd?

19 KMW and 12.5%

141

What is the Vinea Wachau?

An organization of estates sworn to uphold the tenets of natural winemaking as spelled out in the Codex Wachau.

142

What are the stipulations of the Codex Wachau?

No additives (including chaptalization), no aromatization (ncluding the use of new barrique) and no 'fractionation' (techniques such as de-alcholization)

143

When was the Vinea Wachau founded?

1983

144

What is Gemischter Satz? Where is it popular?

Traditional field blends popular in Carnuntum

145

What is the climate of Burgenland?

Hot continental, pannonian climate that is tempered by the cooling influence of the Neusiedlersee (a large, shallow lake)

146

What is the sole authorized grape for Mittelburgenland DAC?

Blaufranksich

147

What was the first DAC to allow both red and white wines?

Leithaberg

148

What is the sole authorized grape of Eisenberg DAC?

Blaufrankisch

149

Where is the town of Rust? What is it known for?

Neusiedlersee-Hugelland; Production of ausbruch

150

Describe the process of making an ausbruch wine.


Grapes are harvested at a minimum of 27 KMW. Richly concentrated botrytis-affected must is added to less concentrated must-from fruit harvested from the same vineyard- and then the two are fermented together and then aged in barrel before release.

151

What was the traditional grape used in Ruster Ausbruch?

Furmit

152

What is Styria also referred to as?

Stiermark

153

What are the three subregions of Styria?

Sudsteiermark, Weststeiermark and Sudoststeiermark

154

Who in Styria is making strides with Sauvignon Blanc?

Manfred Tement

155

What is the only capital city in Europe to have its own wine appellation?

Wein (Vienna)

156

What is the sole DAC of Wein?

Gemischter Satz

157

What are the grapes of Gemischter Satz DAC?

Wines must be a blend of at least 3 white varieties. No single variety may compose more than 50% of the blend, and 3 varieties must make up at least 10% each.

158

What is Sturm? Where is it commonly found?

A half-fermented, sparkling grape juice; Wein

159

Where is Weinviertel DAC?

Niederosterreich

160

Where is Carnuntum?

Niederosterreich

161

Where is Thermenregion?

Niederosterreich

162

Where is Wagram?

Niederosterreich

163

Where is Traisental DAC?

Niederosterreich

164

Where is Kremstal DAC?

Niederosterreich

165

Where is Kamptal DAC?

Niederosterreich

166

Where is Wachau?

Niederosterreich

167

Where is Mittelburgenland DAC?

Burgenland

168

Where is Sudburgenland?

Burgenland

169

Where is Eisenberg DAC?

In Sudburgenland in Burgenland

170

Where is Neusiedlersee DAC?

Burgenland

171

Where is Neusiedlersee-Hugelland?

Burgenland

172

Where is Leithaberg DAC?


In Neusiedlersee-Hugelland in Burgenland

173

What is Weinbauregionen?

A broad geographical area

174

What are the three weinbauregionen?

Weinland, Steierland, & Bergland

175

What does 'ried' imply on a label?

It indicates a top vineyard site. It is an old custom of replacing the village name with the word ried.

176

Where are Kremstal and Kamptal situated in regards to Wachau?

To the east

177

What river is Wein (Vienna) on?

Lies on the Danube River