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Flashcards in Eastern Europe Deck (87):
1

What and where is the State Quality Wines Milestii Mici?

-Moldova's Cricova district
-Guinness Book of World Records- largest wine collection (over 2 million btls)
-Milestiii Mici's 'Golden Collection' resides in an elaborate, excavated underground cellar serviced by roads --125 miles
-Nearly equaling the caves of Champagne in length and size

2

What are the 5 zones of production in George?

-Kakherti
-Kartli
-Imereti
-Racha-Lechkhumi
-and a sub-tropical zone

3

What are the 4 major wine regions of the Ukraine?

-Crimea (Krim)
-Odessa
-Nikolayev-Kherson
-Transcarpathian

4

What are the smaller producing regions of Russia?

-Rostov
-Kabardino-Balkara
-Chechnya

5

What is the most important region of Russia?

Krasnodar
(Contains over 50% of the nation's vineyards)

6

What winery in Crimea is famous for its huge collection of fortified wines?

Massandra (near Yalta)

7

What 2 regions of the Ukraine produce a lot of traditional method sparkling wine?

Odessa and Crimea
(In addition to red and white still wines)

8

Where is the Arat Valley?

Armenia
(Contains over 60% of the nation's vineyards)

9

What are the two most cultivated grapes in Georgia?

The autochthonous red Saperavi and Rkatsitelli

10

What is Russia's most cultivated variety?

Rkatsitelli

11

What 2 neighboring regions to Krasnodar are notable?

Dagestan and Stavropol

12

What region of the Ukraine produces fortified wines?

Crimea

13

Who did Louis Roederer creat there tete de cuvee 'Cristal' exclusively for? Why was it bottled in clear glass?

-Czar Nicholas II
-It was bottled in clear glass as to not provoke the unpopular Czar's suspicion of foul play

14

What are the 3 wine regions of Slovenia?

-Primorska (Primorje)
-Podravje
-Posavje

15

What Slovenian region borders Friuli in Italy?

Primorska (Primorje)

16

What is Slovenia's best region for both red and white production?

Primorska (Primorje)

17

Primorska is divided into what 4 sub-regions?

-Goriska Brda
-Kras
-Koper
-Vipava

18

Goriska Brda becomes what region when it crosses the Italian border?

Collio Goriziano

19

Kras becomes what region when it crosses the Italian border?

Carso

20

What 2 white indigenous grapes persist in Primorska?

Pinela and Zelen (a relative to Verduzzo Gialla)

21

What is Slovenia's largest wine region?

Podravje

22

What is the Slovenian synonym for:
Welschriesling?
Gewurztraminer?
Riesling?

-Laski Rizling
-Diseci Traminer
-Renski Rizling

23

Which Eastern European country led in wine production in 2009?

Romania

24

What DOC of Muntenia-Oltenia is gaining a reputation for reds from CS and PN?

Dealu Mare DOC

25

What region has Romania's highest vineyards?

Transylvania

26

What river marks the border of Romania with Serbia?

The Danube River (flows eastward to the Black Sea)

27

Does Romanian Quality Wines allow hybrid grapes?

No

28

What are the 7 regions of Romania?

-Moldovia
-Muntenia-Oltenia
-Banat
-Crisana-Maramures
-Dobrogea
-Danube Terraces
-Transylvania

29

What and where is the Tamave DOC?

-Transylvania
-One of Romania's coolest and most important DOCs
-Produces whites with high acidity from several varieties
---Including Feteasca grapes and Traminer Rose

30

What are the two broad categories for wine in Romania?

-'Wines for Consumption' or Table Wines
-Quality Wines

31

What 2 categories are Table Wines divided into in Romania?

-VM (Vin de Mesa/Table Wines)
-VSM (Vin de Mesa Superior/ Superior Table Wines)

32

What are the two most cultivated grapes in Romania?

Indigenous Whites:
-Feteasca Alba
-Feteasca Regala

33

What is Welschriesling known as in Romania?

Riesling Italico

34

What 3 higher quality indigenous reds are producing good wines in Romania?

-Feteasca Neagra
-Burguno Mare
-Babeasca Neagra

35

What is Rosigara?

-An indigenous red grape to Romania
-Generally reserved for table wines
-Thin skinned
-Makes fresh wines

36

What is Romania's most famous wine?

Cotnari DOC
(Sweet whites)

37

What mountains dominate the center of Romania?

The Carpathian Mountains

38

What and where is the Murfatalar DOC?

-Dobroge
-Promising CS and PN
-Traditional whites and late harvest Chard

(Romania)

39

What 2 categories are Quality Wines (of Romania) divided into?

-VS (Vin de Calitate Superiora/ Quality Wines with a Geographical Designation)
-DOC (Denumire de Orgine Controlatta)

40

What 3 categories can DOC wines (of Romania) be further subdivided in to?

DOC-CMD- grapes harvested at full maturity
DOC-CT- late harvest grapes
DOC-CIB- Botrytis affected grapes

41

Where is the Cotnari DOC located? What grapes are permitted?

-Moldovia
-Grasa de Cotnari (Possibly common lineage with Furmint)

42

Can Cotnari DOC wines be dry?

Yes

43

What are the 6 wine regions of Slovakia?

-Malokarpatska
-Juznoslovenska
-Nitrianska
-Vychodoslovenska
-Tokajska
-Stredoslovenska

44

What is Tokajska?

-Tokaj wine region
-Run contiguous with Hungary's Tokaj; shares the same winemaking history
-When both countries were permitted in to the EU, Slovakian producers agreed to abide by Hungary's system of quality control
-Slovakian producers were still required to label their wines are 'Tokajska'
-In 2010, Slovakia registered the formal appellation name 'Tokaj'

45

What are the two principal regions of the Czech Republic?

Moravia and Bohemia

46

What region of the Czech Republic is located just north of Weinviertel?

Moravia

47

What Czech region is located on the same latitude as the Rheingau?

Bohemia

48

96% of the Czech Republic's vines are located in which region?

Moravia

49

What is the Czech synonym for Blaufrankisch?

Frankovka

50

What is Svatovavnnecke?

Czech synonym for St. Laurent

51

What is Ryzlink Vlassky?

Czech synonym for Welschriesling

52

What Germanic white varieties are common in the Czech Republic?

Muller-Thurgau and Welschriesling

53

What is 'Quality Wines with Special Attributes' (Akostne vino s Privlastkom)?

-Both the Czech Republis and Slovakia rely on a legal ripeness system adapted for the German model
-Kabinett to TBA and Eiswein
-Use NM (Czecho-Slovak Normalized Must Weight Scale) which equates its degrees to the number of KG of natural sugar in 100 L of grape juice

54

What is Vina Originalne Certifikace?

-The VOC concept was modeled after the AOC and DAC system
-Voluntary
-In 2009 VOC Znojmo made its debut in the Czech Republic
-To qualify: hand harvesting, min must weights, max yields, defined ABV levels and permitted varieties

55

What are the 3 VOCs of Moravia?

VOC Znojmo
VOC Modre Hory
VOC Mikulov

56

What is the Croatian synonym for Welschriesling? It accounts for what amount of the Croatian Inland region's plantings?

Grasevina
-Over 1/2 the region's vineyards

57

What two non-contiguous zones are located on the Coast of Croatia?

Istria and Dalmatia

58

What is the Croatian synonym for Zinfandel?

Crljenak Kastelanski

59

What is the ancient Croatian name for Zinfandel?

Tribidrag

60

What off-shoot of Crljenak Kastelanski is produced in the Damlatian Coast of Croatia?

Plavac Mali

61

What is Mike Grgich's estate in Croatia? What region is it located in?

Grgich Vina Estate
Dingac subzone of Dalmatia

62

What is Boyar Estates?

Labeled as 'Blueridge', they found success with varietal CS and Chard after the fall of Communism

(Bulgaria)

63

What native red grape to Bulgaria has a deep color and is widely cultivated?

Mavrud

64

Name the noteworthy Controlian Appellation of the Struma River Valley

Harsovo

(Bulgaria)

65

Where is Melnik grown?

-Exclusively in the Struma River Valley
-Particularly in the DGO of the same name
-Inherently tannic

(Bulgaria)

66

Which French spirit company invested in Bulgaria in 2002, but sold off many of its assets in 2009 during the economic crisis?

Belvedere Group

67

Describe the Pamid grape

-Red, thin-skinned
-One of the first varieties to be harvested in Bulgaria
-Produces fresh wines suitable for youthful consumption

68

Name 3 boutique producers in Bulgaria

-Boyar Estate
-Santa Sarah
-Enira

69

When was the Bulgarian wine law first established?

1978

70

What is the highest quality level of Bulgarian wine?

Controliran Wines

71

What are Bulgaria's 5 large regions of wine production?

-Danubian Plain (North)
-Rose Valley (Central Strip)
-Thracian Lowlands (South)
-Black Sea Region (East)
-Struma River Valley (West)

72

What is Rubin?

-Nebbiolo x Syrah
-Shows great promise in Bulgaria

73

What is a DGO?

-Declared Geographic Region (Bulgaria)
-Quality wines produced from controlled appellations of origin
-DGO's contain Controliran

74

What is Red Misket?

-Autochthonous to Bulgaria
-AKA Misket Cherven
-A specialty of Sungulare
-Aromatic, but no relation to Muscat

75

What are the most planted grapes of Bulgaria?

Rkatsiteli and Dimiat

76

What does 'barik' mean?

Appears on Bulgarian wine labels, indicating fermentation occurred in oak casks of 500L or less in volume

77

Name the noteworthy Controliran Appellation in the Black Sea Region

Khan Krum

(Bulgaria)

78

What are the leading international plantings in Bulgaria?

CS & Merlot

79

What is 'Vino ot Deklarian Geografski'?

Declared Geographical Region (DGO)

(Bulgaria)

80

When was the Bulgaria the 4th largest exporter of wine?

Late 1970s and early 1980s

81

What does 'Reserve' ad 'Special Selection' mean on a Bulgarian DGO wine label?

-Reserve- 1 year of aging
-Special Selection- 2 years of aging

82

What is Gamza?

A Bulgarian synonym for Kadarka

83

What is regulated under Controliran wines?

-Quality wines produces in a special region
-A superior controlled appellation of origin within a DGO of Bulgaria
-Must be produced from the appellation's permitted grape varieties
-Max yields and RS are defined

84

What is Mavrud?

A native Bulgarian red grape with deep color that is widely cultivated

85

Name the noteworthy Controliran Appellation in the Danubian Plain of Bulgaria

Suhindol & Suichton

86

How many zones are in Bulgaria for Controliran and DGO wines?

47 in total

87

Name the noteworthy Controliran Appellation of the Rose Valley in Bulgaria

Sungulare