% of inorganic composition of alveolar bone?
% of organic composition of alveolar bone?
Forces alveolar bone can best resist? (2)
- Compressive forces
- Forces directed along the long axis of the tooth
Forces alveolar bone can least resist? (2)
- Tensile forces
- Slicing forces
Functions of alveolar bone? (4)
- Support and protection
- Attachment of muscles
- Reservoir of minerals
Part of maxilla and mandible with the teeth and alveolar sockets?
It is where the alveolar process rests.
True or false. Proper development of tooth depends on the alveolar process?
Proper development of alveolar process is dependent on tooth eruption
True or false. Alveolar process may be found in newborns?
False. No teeth, no alveolar process
True or false. If bone is lost, remodeling occurs and alveolar process is restored
False. No more alveolar process after bone remodeling
It is what occurs after remodeling of alveolar bone.
Compose of outer and inner cortical plate of bone that encloses the spongiosa?
Other terms for spongy bone?
Trabecular or cancellous bone
Lines the alveolus contained within the alveolar process?
Alveolar bone proper
Perforations of the alveolar bone?
It is formed by the coronal rim of the alveolar bone.
Alveolar bone parallels the CEJ at a distance of ____ apical to it.
True or false. Alveolar bone proper may be fused with the cortical plate of the alveolar process?
Radiographic term for alveolar bone proper?
Cell responsible for mineralization of bone?
Osteoblasts synthesize what? (2)
- Type I and IV collagen
Osteoblasts are derived from what cells?
Mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSC and liver; CB-MSC)
When bone formation stops, osteoblasts become inactive and termed as?
Bone lining cells
True or false. The faster bone formation, the more osteocytes trapped.
Cells responsible for osteolysis and osteoplasia?
Cells that prevent hypermineralization of bone by pumping Ca back to the blood stream?
True or false. After bone formation, osteocytes lose the ability to form matrix and becomes smaller?
Limited resorption of bone in lacunae and canals?
Secondary rebuilding of perilacunar bone mineral?
Osteoclasts are located on?