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Flashcards in Amendments Deck (54):
1

1st Amendment

  • freedom of religion
  • freedom of speech
  • freedom to peaceful assembly
  • freedom of the press
  • freedom to petition the government

2

2nd Amendment

right to bare arms

3

3rd Amendment

soldiers may not be quartered in a citizen's home in peacetime without the owner's consent

4

4th Amendment

  • no unreasonable searches
  • no seizures without a specific warrant

5

5th Amendment

  • right to due process of law
  • right not to incriminate oneself
  • right to a Grand Jury, etc.

6

6th Amendment

  • right to a speedy and public trial
  • right to know the allegations against oneself
  • right to a lawyer, etc.

7

7th Amendment

a jury trial for lawsuits involving
more than $20

8

8th Amendment

  • no excessive bail or fines
  • no cruel and unusual punishment

9

9th Amendment

rights listed in the Constitution cannot be used to deny other rights simply because they are not explicitly listed

10

10th Amendment

rights not explicitly given to the federal government revert to the states or the people

11

11th Amendment

states cannot be sued by citizens of other states or of foreign countries

12

12th Amendment

  • separate ballots for vice president and president
  • in the event of an electoral vote tie, the House chooses the president and the Senate chooses the vice president, etc.
  • (In modern elections, a running mate is usually selected instead.)

13

13th Amendment

abolished slavery

14

14th Amendment

  • any person born or naturalized in the United States is a U.S. citizen (including, notably, ex-slaves)
  • no state may deny a U.S. citizen due process or equal protection under the law, etc.

15

15th Amendment

allows people to vote regardless of race, color, or any previous condition of servitude (being a slave)

16

16th Amendment

right of the federal government to directly tax a citizen's income

17

17th Amendment

the people (not their legislatures) elect their state's senators

18

18th Amendment

Prohibition of alcohol

(making or selling liquor is illegal)

19

19th Amendment

women gain the right to vote

20

20th Amendment

  • the president and vice president end their term on January 20th
  • members of Congress end their term on January 3rd


known as the Lame Duck Amendment

21

21st Amendment

repeals the 18th Amendment
(making and selling liquor is legal again)

22

22nd Amendment

  • no president may serve more than two terms
  • any unelected president who has served more than two years may only run for one additional term

23

23rd Amendment

Washington D.C. can vote for President, with a number of  electoral votes not more than the number controlled by the least populous state

24

24th Amendment

abolished poll taxes for federal elections

25

25th Amendment

If the president resigns or dies, the vice president becomes president

  • the new president nominates a vice president
  • an ailing president can submit a letter to give special powers to the vice president until he is able to resume, etc.

26

26th Amendment

right to vote given to those 18
years and older

(voting ages had previously been determined by the states, and were often higher than 18)

27

27th Amendment

no increase or decrease in compensation for the Congress can take effect until a new term

28

right to bear arms

2nd Amendment

29

soldiers may not be quartered in a citizen's home in peacetime without the owner's consent

3rd Amendment

30

  • freedom of religion
  • freedom of speech
  • freedom to peaceful assembly
  • freedom of the press
  • freedom to petition the government

1st Amendment

31

  • no unreasonable searches
  • no seizures without a specific warrant

4th Amendment

32

  • right to a speedy and public trial
  • right to know the allegations against oneself
  • right to a lawyer, etc.

6th Amendment

33

  • right to due process of law
  • right not to incriminate oneself
  • right to a Grand Jury, etc.

5th Amendment

34

a jury trial for lawsuits involving
more than $20

7th Amendment

35

  • no excessive bail or fines
  • no cruel and unusual punishment

8th Amendment

36

  • separate ballots for vice president and president
  • in the event of an electoral vote tie, the House chooses the president and the Senate chooses the vice president, etc.
  • (In modern elections, a running mate is usually selected instead.)

12th Amendment

37

rights listed in the Constitution cannot be used to deny other rights simply because they are not explicitly listed

9th Amendment

38

rights not explicitly given to the federal government revert to the states or the people

10th Amendment

39

states cannot be sued by citizens of other states or of foreign countries

11th Amendment

40

abolished slavery

13th Amendment

41

  • any person born or naturalized in the United States is a U.S. citizen (including, notably, ex-slaves)
  • no state may deny a U.S. citizen due process or equal protection under the law, etc.

14th Amendment

42

right of the federal government to directly tax a citizen's income

16th Amendment

43

allows people to vote regardless of race, color, or any previous condition of servitude (being a slave)

15th Amendment

44

the people (not their legislatures) elect their state's senators

17th Amendment

45

Prohibition of alcohol

(making or selling liquor is illegal)

18th Amendment

46

repeals the 18th Amendment
(making and selling liquor is legal again)

21st Amendment

47

women gain the right to vote

19th Amendment

48

  • the president and vice president end their term on January 20th
  • members of Congress end their term on January 3rd


known as the Lame Duck Amendment

20th Amendment

49

  • no president may serve more than two terms
  • any unelected president who has served more than two years may only run for one additional term

22nd Amendment

50

Washington D.C. can vote for President, with a number of  electoral votes not more than the number controlled by the least populous state

23rd Amendment

51

abolished poll taxes for federal elections

24th Amendment

52

no increase or decrease in compensation for the Congress can take effect until a new term

27th Amendment

53

If the president resigns or dies, the vice president becomes president

  • the new president nominates a vice president
  • an ailing president can submit a letter to give special powers to the vice president until he is able to resume, etc.

25th Amendment

54

right to vote given to those 18
years and older

(voting ages had previously been determined by the states, and were often higher than 18)

26th Amendment