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Flashcards in Hockey Basics Deck (38):

How long is a hockey game?

  • three 20-minute periods
  • two 15-minute intermissions between periods


How does overtime work in a hockey game?

If a game is tied after regulation, the teams enter a 5-minute, 4-on-4 session of play.


How does the NHL shoot-out work?

  • If the game is still tied after overtime, they enter a shoot-out.
  • Each team takes penalty shots in turn.
  • After each team has had three chances, the team with the most goalswins.


How does the team point-scoring system work in hockey?

  • If there is no overtime: winning team receives two points
  • If the game enters overtime: winning team receives two points, losing team receives one points


How is a player's score calculated in hockey?

the player's goals + the player's assists


What purpose do the blue lines on the ice serve in hockey?

They divide the rink into thirds.


What is offside in hockey?

A play is considered offside when a player enters the offensive third of the rink, marked by the blue line, before the puck.


What purpose does the center red line serve in hockey?

  • divides the rink in two
  • used to judge icing


What is icing in hockey?

  • when the puck is shot across both the (red) center line and the opposing team's (red) goal line, but doesn't enter the net
  • icing stops play and triggers a faceoff in the defending zone of the team that iced
  • in the NHL and AHL, icing is "waved off" and play continues if the opposing goaltender or a player on the team that iced the puck is the first to touch it again


How is a goal scored in hockey?

hitting the puck across the opposing team's goal line and into the net


Under what circumstances in a hockey game, would a goal be disallowed?

  • if the scoring team takes a penalty
  • if the puck is directed into the net by a high stick, hand, or distinct kicking motion
  • if the scoring team has interfered with the goaltender
  • if the puck crosses the goal line after the net has been dislodged


What is a penalty in hockey?

  • punishment of a player who has committed a rule infraction
  • the player is removed from the ice and put in the penalty box for a determined amount of time


What does "short-handed" mean in hockey?

  • when one team has more players on the ice than the other
  • occurs when one team's player has received a penalty for which he may not be replaced for the duration of his penalty
  • "short-handed" teams may ice


What is a power play in hockey?

when one team is given an attacking advantage because the other team has been penalized and has fewer players ("short-handed")


What is a minor penalty in hockey?

  • a penalty for which a player misses two minutes of game play
  • typically assessed for cross-checking, hooking, etc.


What is a major penalty in hockey?

  • a penalty for which a player misses five minutes of game play
  • typically assessed for fighting, charging, etc.


What is a double minor in hockey?

  • a penalty for which a player misses four minutes (2 consecutive two-minute periods) of game play
  • typically assessed for high-sticking resulting in injury


What is a breakaway in hockey?

when there are no defenders between the attacking player with the puck and the goaltender.


When is a penalty shot awarded in hockey?

when an infraction is committed on a player that deprives him of a scoring opportunity (usually on a breakaway)


What is a penalty shot in hockey?

an opportunity for one player to shoot the puck at the opposing goal unobstructed (as a result of a penalty by the opposing team)


How many players are on a hockey team?

A team is allowed a roster of 18 active skaters and 2 goaltenders.


How many hockey players are allowed on the ice?

  • six players on the ice per team
  • usually three forwards, two defensemen, and one goaltender
  • any configuration with one goaltender is legal


What are the shape and dimensions of an NHL hockey rink?

  • rectangular with rounded corners
  • 200 feet by 85 feet.


Who was the first NHL commissioner?

Gary Bettman


Who are the most recent NHL champions?

Pittsburgh Penguins


Who won the NHL scoring race last year?

Evgeni Malkin of the Pittsburgh Penguins with 113


Who scored the most goals in the NHL last year?

In the 2008 season, Alexander Ovechkin of the Washington Capitals with 56


What is the Stanley Cup?

  • trophy awarded to the NHL Champions
  • passed down annually from champion to champion


What team has won the most Stanley Cups ?

Montreal Canadiens, 25


Who are the original 6 teams at the founding of the NHL in 1917?

  • Montreal Canadiens
  • Toronto Maple Leafs
  • New York Rangers
  • Chicago Blackhawks
  • Boston Bruins
  • Detroit Red Wings


What proportion of NHL players are Canadian born?

roughly 50%


What is the most Stanley Cups won by one player?

  • Henri Richard won 11 Stanley Cups with the Montreal Canadiens
  • from 1955 to 1973


Who is the all-time leading goal scorer in the NHL?

Wayne Gretzky with 894


Who is the all time leading point getter in the NHL?

Wayne Gretzky with 2857


Which goaltender has achieved the most wins in the NHL?

Martin Brodeur with 557


What is sudden death?

If a tie still remains after the shoot-out, it becomes sudden death, with the first team to score winning the game.


What are the 6 divisions in hockey?

  • Atlantic Division
  • Central Division
  • Northeast Division
  • Northwest Division
  • Southeast Division
  • Pacific Division


What purpose do the red goal lines serve in hockey?

  • inside the net, they mark the scoring line
  • outside the net, they are used to judge icing