Anatomy 2 Flashcards Preview

Boards Part 1 Practice questions > Anatomy 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy 2 Deck (81):
1

The medial boundary of the anatomical snuffbox is formed by the ____ muscle?
A. Extensor pollicus longus
B. Ext. Pollicus brevis
C. Ext. Carpi radialis longus
D. Ext. Carpi radialis brevis

A. Extensor pollicus longus

2

The styloid process is located on which portion of the radius?
A. Ant
B. Post
C. Medial
D. Lateral

D. Lateral

3

The styloid process is located on which portion of the ulna?
A. Ant
B. Post
C. Medial
D. Lateral

C. Medial

4

The resting stage of the epiphyseal plate is composed of WOF?
A. Cartilage
B. Osteoid
C. Hyaline cartilage
D. Calcified cartilage

A. Cartilage

5

Which muscle forms the medial border of the cubital fossa?
A. Brachioradialis
B. Pronator teres
C. Flexor carpi ulnaris
D. Supinator

B. Pronator teres

6

The posterior auricular vein and retromandibular vein drain into WOF?
A. Internal jugular
B. External jugular
C. Carotid
D. Subclavian vein

B. External jugular

7

WOF is the distal attachment of the adductor longus muscle?
A. Lesser trochanter
B. Greater trochanter
C. Linea aspera
D. Trochanteric fossa

C. Linea aspera

8

Both ureters lie _____ to the psoas major and ____ to the internal and external iliac veins?
A. Post & post
B. Ant & post
C. Ant & ant
D. Post & ant

C. Ant & ant

9

The fibrous band that runs from the papillary muscle to the atrioventricular valves are WOF?
A. Moderator band
B. Trabeculae carinae
C. Chordae tendinae

C. Chordae tendinae

10

WOF structures is adjacent to the suprascapular artery?
A. Coracoid process
B. Scapular notch
C. Acromion process

B. Scapular notch

11

Deficiency in flexion and supination of forearm may indicate damage to WOF nerves?
A. Radial
B. Ulnar
C. Musculocutaneous
D. Median

C. Musculocutaneous

12

WOF nerves innervates the peroneus muscle evert foot?
A. Deep peroneal
B. Superficial peroneal
C. Sup gluteal
D. Inf gluteal

B. Superficial peroneal

13

The lunate bone articulates _____ with which bone?
A. Laterally with capitulum
B. Proximally with radius
C. Medially with scaphoid
D. Distally with trapezoid

B. Proximally with radius

14

WOF gastric glands produce serotonin?
A. Chieg
B. Mucous neck
C. Argentaffin
D. Parietal

C. Argentaffin

15

From which embryological structure is the adrenal medulla derived?
A. Endoderm
B. Ectoderm
C. Mesoderm
D. Neural crest cells

D. Neural crest cells

16

Which muscle is the anterior support of the glenohumeral joint?
A. Subscapularis
B. Supraspinatus
C. Infraspinatus
D. Teres minor

A. Subscapularis

17

WOF structures transforms the scapular notch into the scapular foramen?
A. Transverse ligament
B. Coracohumeral
C. Acromioclavicular
D. Coracoacromial

A. Transverse ligament

18

Posterior superficial muscles of the leg insert on WOF?
A. Cuboid
B. Calcaneus
C. Talus
D. 1st metatarsal

B. Calcaneus

19

On WOF bones is the soleal line?
A. Femur
B. Tibia
C. Fibula
D. Calcaneous

B. Tibia

20

What structure shunts blood from the right to the left atrium in the fetus?
A. Foramen orale
B. Foramen ovalis
C. Ductus venosus
D. Ductus arteriosus

B. Foramen ovalis

21

What type of cells make up the uterus?
A. Simple columnar
B. Simple squanmous
C. Pseudostratified ciliated columnar
D. Stratified squamous

A. Simple columnar

22

WOF forms the lateral border of the femoral triangle?
A. Sartorius
B. Adductor longus
C. Inguinal ligament
D. Adductor magnus

A. Sartorius

23

On which location of the leg is the great saphenous vein located?
A. Superficial medial
B. Superficial lateral
C. Deep lateral
D. Deep medial

A. Superficial medial

24

Membranous bone formation is found in WOF bones?
A. Scapula
B. Ilium
C. Clavicle
D. Sternum

C. Clavicle

25

The action of the anterior tibialis muscles is to ____ and ____ the foot?
A. Dorsiflex & evert
B. Planter flex & invert
C. Plantar flex & evert
D. Dorsiflex & invert

A. Dorsiflex & evert

26

The pronator teres muscle is innervated by WOF nerves?
A. Radial
B. Median
C. Ulnar
D. Interosseus

B. Median

27

WOF carpal bones most often fractures?
A. Lunate
B. Capitate
C. Trapezium
D. Scaphoid

D. Scaphoid

28

The ostium of the maxillary sinus opens into WOF?
A. Sphenoethmodial recess
B. Sup nasal meatus
C. Inf nasal meatus
D. Middle nasal meatus

D. Middle nasal meatus

29

Which hormone is produced by parafollicular cells of the thyroid?
A. Thyroxia
B. Calcitonin
C. Oxytocin
D. Vasopression

B. Calcitonin

30

What type of articulation is made up of bone and hyaline cartilage?
A. Synchondrosis
B. Synarthrosis
C. Amphiarthrosis
D. Diarthrosis

A. Synchondrosis

31

WOF ligaments prevents lateral displacement of the tibia?
A. Tibial collateral
B. Fibula collateral
C. Post cruciate
D. Ant cruciate

B. Fibula collateral

32

What structure comes from the urogenital sinus?
A. Oviduct
B. Uterus
C. Vas deferens
D. Urethra

D. Urethra

33

The collateral ligament of the elbow are localized thickening of WOF structures?
A. Articular capsule
B. Interosseous membrane
C. Synovial membrane
D. Annular ligament

A. Articular capsule

34

WOF lies in the inguinal canal?
A. Suspensory ligament of the ovary
B. Ovarian ligament
C. Broad ligament
D. Round ligament of uterus

D. Round ligament of uterus

35

WOF is a pivot joint?
A. Proximal tibia fibular
B. Talonavicular
C. Proximal radioulnar
D. Metacarpotrapezium

C. Proximal radioulnar

36

The lateral aspect of the rectus abdominus sheath is known as WOF?
A. Inguinal ligament
B. Linea alba
C. Falciform ligament
D. Linea semilunaris

D. Linea semilunaris

37

Plasma cells are derived from WOF?
A. Neutrophils
B. Basophils
C. Lymphocytes
D. Monocytes

C. Lymphocytes

38

WOF muscles attaches to the proximal ulna and medial epicondyle of the humerous?
A. Anconeus
B. Pronator teres
C. Brachioradialis

B. Pronator teres

39

What is the action of the plantar interosseus muscles of the foot?
A. Abduct
B. Adduct
C. Flex
D. Extend

B. Adduct

40

WOF is controlled by the pituitary gland?
A. Follicular cells
B. Parathyroid
C. Parafollicular cells
D. Parietal cells

A. Follicular cells

41

WOF structures directly adheres to the kidney?
A. Pararenal fat
B. Renal fascia
C. Renal capsule
D. Perirenal fat

C. Renal capsule

42

WOF gastrointestinal structures contains the central lacteals?
A. Villi
B. Brunner’s gland
C. Rugae
D. Haustra

A. Villi

43

WOF structures lies poterior lateral to the testes?
A. Epididymis
B. Ductus deferens
C. Ductus spermatious
D. Ejaculatory duct

A. Epididymis

44

What directly drains the liver sinusoid?
A. Epididymis
B. Ductus deferens
C. Inf vena cava
D. Central vein

D. Central vein

45

The pampiniform plexus is located in WOF?
A. Glans penis
B. Gubernaculum
C. Prostrate
D. Spermatic cord

D. Spermatic cord

46

The intertrochanteric crest is located on which aspect of the femur?
A. Medial
B. Lateral
C. Ant
D. Post

D. Post

47

The urogenital system develops from WOF?
A. Paraxial mesoderm
B. Intermediate mesoderm
C. Somatic mesoderm
D. Brachial mesenchyme

B. Intermediate mesoderm

48

A laceration of the profunda brachii artery could cause damage to which nerve that accompanies it?
A. Medial
B. Radial
C. Ulnar
D. Musculocutaneous

B. Radial

49

WOF muscles closes the glottis?
A. Post cricoarytenoid
B. Lateral cricoarytenoid
C. Thyroarytenoid
D. Cricothyroid

B. Lateral cricoarytenoid

50

WOF muscles attaches to the pillars of fauces?
A. Tensor & levator vela palatine
B. Tensor vela palatine & palatoglossus
C. Palatoglossus & palatopharyngeus
D. Palate & levator vela palatine

C. Palatoglossus & palatopharyngeus

51

WOF metatarsal bones articulate with the hamate?
A. 1st & 2nd
B. 2nd & 3rd
C. 3rd & 4th
D. 4th & 5th

D. 4th & 5th

52

The junction of the sagital and coronal plates meet at WOF?
A. Lambola
B. Bregma
C. Pterion
D. Asterion

B. Bregma

53

Which muscle initiates abduction of the glennohumeral joint?
A. Deltoid
B. Infraspinatus
C. Supraspinatus
D. Subscapularis

C. Supraspinatus

54

The biceps brachii muscle attaches to which structure on the radius?
A. Styloid process
B. Head
C. Neck
D. Tubercle

D. Tubercle

55

The haustra of the large intestine is formed by WOF?
A. Diverticulum
B. Appendices epiplociae
C. Intestinal valves
D. Taenia coli

D. Taenia coli

56

Which plane divides the body into anterior and posterior halves?
A. Sagittal
B. Transverse
C. Semisagittal
D. Coronal

D. Coronal

57

The area of the bladder between two ureter orfices and the opening for the urethra is called?
A. Trigone
B. Internal urethral sphincter
C. External sphincter
D. Detrusor urinae

A. Trigone

58

The tendon of which muscle passes through the internal capsule of the shoulder?
A. Biceps brachii
B. Triceps brachii
C. Subscapularis
D. Deltoid

A. Biceps brachii

59

Which bones develop primarily from the interosseus membrane?
A. Mandible
B. Parietal
C. Maxillary
D. Zygomatic

B. Parietal

60

What structure passes through the right and left crura(at T12?
A. Aorta hiatus
B. Esophageal hiatus
C. Inf vena cava hiatus
D. Thoracic duct

A. Aorta hiatus

61

When the adenoids swell they occlude WOF?
A. Eustachian tube
B. Stenson’s duct
C. Canal of Schlemm
D. Wharton’s duct

A. Eustachian tube

62

The ulnar nerve lies between WOF bones?
A. Scaphoid & lunate
B. Pisiform & hamate
C. Trapezium & trapezoid
D. Lunate & triangular

B. Pisiform & hamate

63

Which structure passes through the inguinal canal?
A. Round ligament of uterus
B. Broad ligament
C. Uterine ligament
D. Inguinal ligament

A. Round ligament of uterus

64

WOF muscles is responsible for the inferior rotation of the thigh?
A. Gluteus maximus
B. Gluteus minimus
C. Gluteus medius
D. Obturator externus

B. Gluteus minimus

65

The lateral aspect of the ilium gives rise to the ____ , ____ and ____ of the gluteal lines?
A. Sup, inf & medial
B. Ant, post & inf
C. Ant, post & sup
D. Inf, sup & medial

B. Ant, post & inf

66

WOF structures is composed of hyaline cartilage?
A. Bronchi
B. Tertiary bronchioles
C. Respiratory bronchioles
D. Aveolar duct

A. Bronchi

67

When bronchi separate in the lung how many are on the right side?
A. 2 lobar
B. 3 lobar
C. 2 segmental
D. 3 segmental

B. 3 lobar

68

WOF cranial nerves transverse the foramen rotundum?
A. Opthalamic of V
B. Maxillary of V
C. Mandibular of V
D. Facial nerve

B. Maxillary of V

69

WOF muscles attaches to the iliotibilal tract?
A. Gluteus maximus
B. Pectineus
C. Gluteus medius
D. Quadratus femoris

A. Gluteus maximus

70

The majority of the respiatory tract is composed of WOF cells?
A. Simple squamous
B. Simple columnar
C. Stratified squamous
D. Pseudostratified columnar

D. Pseudostratified columnar

71

WOF metacarpal bones articulates with the hamate?
A. 4th & 5th
B. 1st & 2nd
C. 2nd & 3rd
D. 3rd & 4th

A. 4th & 5th

72

The pituitary gland controls the ____ organs that secrete ____ from the ____ cells?
A. Adrenal cortex - cortisol from the fasiculatus
B. Thyroid - thyroxine from the parafollicular cells

A. Adrenal cortex - cortisol from the fasiculatus

73

WOF nerves innervate the anterior part of the leg?
A. Sural
B. Saphanous
C. Deep peroneal
D. Superficial peroneal

C. Deep peroneal

74

WOF cells produce surfactant?
A. Type 1 pneumocyte
B. Goblet
C. Type 2 pneumocyte
D. Macrophage

C. Type 2 pneumocyte

75

From which part of a cell is the cupola (apex of lung dreived?
A. Cervical pleura
B. Costal pleura
C. Mediastinal pleura
D. Diaphragmatic pleura

A. Cervical pleura

76

The junction of the esophagus and stomach is located in WOF?
A. Post to heart
B. At esophageal hiatus
C. Inf to diaphragm
D. Upper border of T9

C. Inf to diaphragm

77

The coronary sinus drains into which chamber of the heart?
A. Right atrium
B. Right ventricle
C. Left atrium
D. Left ventricle

A. Right atrium

78

The root of the spine of the scapula is located close to WOF?
A. Acromion process
B. Inf angle
C. Vertebral border
D. Sup angle

C. Vertebral border

79

The adenohypophysis is dreived from WOF?
A. Mesoderm
B. Endoderm
C. Neuroectoderm
D. Oral ectoderm

D. Oral ectoderm

80

Malformation of the hindgut is a result of abnormal?
A. Fusion of mesentery
B. Development of urogenital septum
C. Migration of neural creat cells
D. Rotation of the gut

B. Development of urogenital septum

81

The ____________ is located in which part of the mediastinum?
A. Sup
B. Ant
C. Middle
D. Post

C. Middle