Anatomy 3 Review Flashcards Preview

Anatomy III > Anatomy 3 Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy 3 Review Deck (88):
1

contains r. gastroomental artery

gastrocolic ligament

2

contains r/l gastric artery

hepatogastric ligament

3

holds hepatic artery portal vein, bile duct

heptaduodenal ligament

4

contains splenic artery, tail of pancreas

splenorenal ligament

5

short gastric artery and l. gastroepiploic a.

gastroplenic ligament

6

entrance to lesser sac, communicates with greater sac

epiploic (omental) foramen of winslow

7

contains middle colic artery

transverse mesocolon

8

contains branches of SMA

“the” mesentery

9

contains sigmoidal artery

sigmoid mesocolon

10

pericardiophrenic, musculophrenic, inferior phrenic arteries anastomose to

diaphragm

11

anterior intercostal and posterior intercostal arteries anastomose to

intercostal spaces

12

left and right gastric arteries anastomose to

lesser curve of stomach

13

left and right gastroepiploic, gastroduodenal and short gastric arteries anastomose to

greater curve of stomach

14

left and middle colic arteries anastomose to

transverse/descending colon

15

inferior and superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries anastomose to

pancreas and duodenum

16

inferior and superior epigastric arteries anastomose to

anterior abdominal wall

17

uterine and ovarian arteries anastomose to

uterus

18

internal and external pudendal arteries (from femoral) anastomose to

perineum

19

superior rectal (portal system) and mid/inferior rectal (caval) arteries anastomose to

rectum (hemorrhoids)

20

esophageal branches of left gastric (portal) and azygos (caval) anastomose to

cause esophageal varices

21

paraumbilical veins and superificial epigastric veins anastomose to

cause caput medusa

22

veins of secondary retroperitoneal organs (portal) anastomose with

posterior body wall (caval)

23

refers to T5-9 (GA axons travel with greater splanchnic)

liver, stomach, spleen, pancreas, adrenals, jejunum, ilium

24

refers to T10-12 (GA axons travel with lesser/least splanchnic)

kidneys, descending, transverse colon

25

refers to L1-L2 (GA axons travel with lumbar splanchnic)

descending colon

26

refers to S2-S4 (GA axons travel with pelvic splanchnics)

sigmoid colon, rectum

27

refers pain to shoulder

diaphragm

28

refers pain to back (between shoulders) and below sternum, laterally to left

stomach

29

rrefers pain to subcostal margin on the left

spleen

30

refers pain to subcostal margin on the right

liver, gallbladder (liver curves down back, gallbladder curves up)

31

refers pain centrally below sternum

Duodenum and head of pancreas

32

refers pain to McBurney's point (right lower quadrant)

appendix

33

refers pain up lower back, down inguinal region

kidneys, descending, tranverse colon

34

refers pain centrally in lower abdomen

ascending colon

35

refers pain laterally in lower abdomen

sigmoid colon

36

refers pain into jaw, down left arm

heart attack!

37

inferior angle of scapular

T7

38

right dome diaphram (higher than) left dome, caval hiatus

T8

39

xiphoid process, esophageal hiatus

T10

40

aortic hiatus

T12

41

gallbladder fundus, tip of 9th costal cartilage, celiac and SMA

L1

42

top of kidneys, head of pancreas

L2, renal arteries

43

IMA branches at

L3

44

just below umilicus, highest point of iliac crest, aortic bifurcation

L4

45

pelvic inlet

S1-Cx

46

greater sciatic foramen

S3-S5

47

most anterior structure in mediastinum

thymus

48

esophagus is always ___ to trachea

posterior

49

line that determines position of abdomical fascia relative to rectus

arcuate line

50

tumors near ___ could compress the phrenic nerve

root of the lung

51

SVC, right atrium, IVC

right border of the heart

52

right ventricle, slightly left ventricle near apex

inferior border of the heart

53

left ventricle, slightly left auricle

left border of the heart

54

both atria, great vessels eneter

superior border of the heart

55

tip of left ventricle

apex of heart

56

right atrium, right ventricle, left ventricle, left atrium (small strip)

costosternal (anterior) surface of heart

57

both ventricles, mainly left

diaphragmatic surface of heart

58

mainly left atrium

base of heart

59

intercostal arteries 1 and 2 are branches of

costocervical trunk

60

during systole, papillary muscles

shorten

61

listen at second intercostal space, right of sternum

aortic valve

62

listen at second intercostal space, left of sternum

pulmonary valve

63

listen at fifth intercostal space, in midclavicular line

mitral valve

64

listen at fifth intercostal space, to the left of sternum

tricuspid valve

65

runners bend over to use these to help breathe

serratus anterior and pec major

66

renal hypertension causes enlargement of

portal vein and its tributaries

67

splenic vein (left gastric short gastric, pancreatic, IMV), SMV

tributaries of portal vein

68

increases peristalsis (intermediolateral horn of S2-S4)

pelvic splanchnic parasympathetics

69

femoral nerve emerges ___ to psoas major, obturator emerges ___ to psoas.

lateral, medial

70

SMA lies anterior to

third (horizantal part) of duodenum

71

the body of the pancreas is ___ and to the ___ of the duodenum

superior and to the left

72

crosses abdominal aorta, IVC, right ureter, right psoas major, right gonadal vessel

the root of the mesentery

73

All secondarily retroperitoneal arteries are best approached from

initial antimesenteric border

74

thickened regions of longitudinal muscle (tenaie coli) and omental appendices (fat tags)

all colon

75

lymphoid nodules (peyer's patches)

ileum

76

diameter of approximately 1 cm

all small intestine

77

medial umbilical ligaments are remnants of ____ that carried blood from fetus to placenta

umbilical artery

78

remain connected to patent umbilical arteries that are branches of internal iliac artery

median umbilical ligaments

79

connects umbilicus and liver, contains occluded umbilical vein that carried oxygenated blood from placenta to fetus

ligamentum teres

80

body and fundus of uterus are ____, most of cervix is ____

intraperitoneal, subperitoneal

81

female pelvis has larger ___ and more shallow ___ than male

conjugate diameter, false pelvis

82

superior ends of this gland are infraperitoneal in the rectovesical pouch

seminal gland

83

contraction of ____ retains feces

puborectalis

84

contraction of ____ ejects feces

sigmoid colon, diaphragm

85

U-shaped sling in levator ani that marks anorectal junction

puborectalis

86

pectinate line is at anal vales at the ____ end of anal columns

inferior

87

cuts between vestibule of vagina and external urethral orifice

episiotomy

88

marker for pudendal nerve in episiotomy

ischial spine