Blackcloud Body Wall and Thorax p.18-40 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy III > Blackcloud Body Wall and Thorax p.18-40 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Blackcloud Body Wall and Thorax p.18-40 Deck (99):
1

drains lung tissue and visceral pleura into the bronchopulmonary (hilar) lymph nodes

superficial lymphatic plexus

2

drains structures that form the root of the lung into the pulmonary lymph nodes along the lobar bronchi

deep lymphatic plexus

3

where is the superficial plexus located?

deep to the visceral pleura

4

where is the deep lymphatic plexus loacted?

in the submucosa of the bronchi and connective tissue

5

path of lymph from bronchopulmonary lymph nodes

s. and i. Tracheobronchial lymph nodes, to bronchomediastinal lymph trunks and out the right lymphatic duct and thoracic duct (left)

6

negative pressure in pleural cavity and surface tension between pleural levels causes

inhalation

7

diaphragm moves one vertebral level in

quiet respiration

8

diaphragm moves two levels in

full respiration

9

lesion to phrenic n. causes paralysis of dome you'd notice in

inspiration, not exhalation

10

why do the lungs enlarge, instead of the pleural cavity

surface tension of fluid between pleural layers causing them to stick together

11

muscles in deep inspiration or controlled exhalation

quadratus lumborum, intercostals, scalenes, serratus posterior superior, SCM

12

muscles in deep expiration

serratus posteior inferior, internal and innermost intercostals, transversus thoracis

13

anything that compromises the negative pressure in the pleural cavity, which can cause the lung to collapse.

pneumothorax

14

contents of posterior mediastinum

esophagus, esophageal plexus, descending aorta, thoracic duct

15

esophagus is ____ and to the ____ of the descending aorta

anterior, to the right

16

azygous system is ____ to the esophagus and ascending aorta

posterior

17

greater splanchnic nerve runs ____ from the sympathetic chain toward the posterior mediastinum, and ____ toward the diaphragm

anteriorly, inferiorly

18

blood supply to cervical esophagus

inferior thyroid artery (branch of thyrocervical trunk)

19

blood supply to thoracic esophagus

branches from descending thoracic aorta

20

blood supply to abdominal esophagus

left gastric artery

21

azygous system drains into

SVC

22

paired branches of descending aorta in order

bronchial arteries, mediastinal arteries, esophageal arteries, pericardial arteries, superior phrenic

23

emerge from the intervertebral foramina of thoracic vertebra and run in the intercostal space just inferior to a rib

intercostal nerves

24

carries lymph from lower body, left upper limb, left thorax, left head and neck

thoracic duct

25

thoracic duct is ____ the azygous vein and descending aorta, ____ the esophagus

between, posterior to

26

lymphatic drainage of the anterior intercostal spaces goes to

parasternal lymph nodes that drain to the subclavian veins

27

lymphatic drainage of the posterior intercostal spaces goes to

intercostal lymph nodes that drain to the thoracic duct

28

the thoracic duct drains into the venous system at the intersection of

the subclavian and internal jugular veins

29

Do the lungs break through the mesothelial lining of the pleural cavity?

No

30

Are the lungs within the pleural cavity?

No

31

narrowing aorta (defect in 10%) occurs in the region of

the ductus arteriosis

32

narrowing aorta causes what to appear in radiograph

notched ribs, from enlarged internal thoracic artery

33

dermatomes are ___ than nerve outlets.

lower

34

thickening at the edges of the cusps of the semilunar valves, which add stability

lunule

35

what contains chemoreceptors to detect low O2 and respond with increased heart rate and respiration

the carotid body

36

GSE innervation to heart?

there is none. No skeletal muscle

37

atelectasis

when obstruction prevents air from reaching a part of the lung

38

muscles that bend trunk to same side

external and internal obliques

39

muscles that rotate trunk to same side

transversus abdominis

40

muscles that flex trunk

rectus abdominis

41

linea alba

where the aponeuroses of the external oblique, internal oblique, and transversus abdominis meet in the midline raphe

42

rectus sheath above belly button

external oblique apo is anterior to rectus, transversus apo is posterior to rectus, internal oblique splits to go on both sides of rectus

43

rectus sheath below belly button

all three muscles' apos pass anterior to the rectus.

44

blood supply to anterolateral abdominal wall

segmental lumbar arteries (from aorta) superior epigastric muscles (from internal thoracic), inferior epigastric (from external iliac)

45

superior abdominal wall drains to

axillary or parasternal vessels

46

posterior abdominal wall drains to

femoral region

47

anterior abdominal wall veins drain

to IVC or ascending lumbar veins (from azygous system)

48

left ascending lumbar vein becomes hemiazygous when

it passes through the diaphragm

49

deep lymph: upper anterior abdominal wall

parasternal lymph nodes that drain to the subclavian veins

50

deep lymph: inferior abdominal wall

deep inguinal lymph nodes

51

lymphatics returning with lumbar veins drain into

lymphatic trunks on either side of the IVC

52

fatty portion of superficial fascia inferior to umbilicus

Camper's fascia

53

underlying membranous layer of superficial fascia inferior to umbilicus, used for stapling in surgery

Scarpa's fascia

54

in midline, contains remnant of allantois, the embryoninc tube that connected urinary bladder to umbilicus

Median umbilical fold

55

on either side of median umbilical fold, contains umbilical arteries.

Medial umbilical folds

56

formed by underlying inferior epigastric artery and vein travelling laterally to umbilicus

Lateral umbilical folds

57

connects diaphragmatic surface of liver to anterior abdomenal wall, divides liver into left and right lobes

falciform ligament

58

where small intestine begins

pyloric sphincter

59

right hypochondriac compartment contains

liver, gallbladder

60

epigastric compartment contains

stomach, pancreas, duodenum

61

left hypochondriac compartment contains

spleen, left colic flexure

62

right lumbar compartment contains

right kidney, right ureter, ascending colon

63

umbilical compartment contains

loops of small intestine, aorta, IVC

64

left lumbar compartment contains

left kidney, left ureter, descending colon

65

right iliac compartment contains

cecum, appendix

66

hypogastric compartment contains

coils of small intestine, bladder, uterus

67

left iliac compartment contains

sigmoid colon

68

foregut derivatives are

liver, stomach, pancreas

69

foregut derivatives are mostly superior to

the subcostal plane (L2)

70

within the abdominal cavity, a potential space between parietal and visceral peritoneum

peritoneal cavity

71

which organs are in the peritoneal cavity?

none of them

72

what is the peritoneal cavity good for?

allows free movement of abdominal viscera, minimizes friction, resists infection

73

space bound by abdominal wall, diaphragm and pelvis

abdominal cavity

74

abdominal cavity is intraperitoneal because

it is lined with peritoneum

75

omentum

double layered fold of peritoneum connecting the stomach with other organs

76

lesser omentum

connects visceral surface of liver to stomach and duodenum

77

lesser omentum is made up of

gastrohepatic and hepatoduodenal ligaments

78

greater omentum

runs along greater curve of stomach, covers small and large intestines. 4 layers of peritoneum

79

greater omentum is made up of

gastrocolic, gastrosplenic, gastrophrenic ligaments

80

what three things are primarily retroperitoneal?

kidneys, aorta, IVC

81

mesentary starts in the ____ plane, moves to the ____ plane

sagittal, coronal

82

closed space posterior to stomach, can only be entered via omental foramen, surrounds posterior liver

lesser sac/omental bursa

83

give off branches along lesser curve of stomach, anastomose with eachother

right and left gastric artery

84

supply greater curve of stomach, anastomose with each other

right and left gastro-omental arteries

85

supply body and tail of pancreas and spleen

splenic arteries

86

supply head of pancreas and duodenum

superior pancreaticoduodenal artery

87

connects liver to superior duodenum

hepatoduodenal ligment

88

hepatoduodenal ligment contains

hepatic artery proper, hepatic portal vein, and common bile duct (portal triad) and hepatic nerve plexus

89

connects liver to stomach, contains right and left gastric arteries

gastrohepatic ligament (lesser curve)

90

right and left gastric veins drain to

hepatic portal vein

91

short gastric veins and left gastro-omental veins drain to

splenic vein

92

splenic vein joins superior mesenteric vein to form

hepatic portal vein

93

right gastro-omnetal vein drains into

superior mesenteric vein

94

folds of mucose inside stomach

rugae

95

level of esophageal hiatus

T10

96

level of pylorus

L1

97

remnant of ventral mesentary attaching liver to anterior abdomical wall

falciform ligament

98

separates the left and caudate lobes

gastrohepatic ligament

99

runs in free ende of falciform ligament, is obliterated umbilical vein

round ligament