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Penn Foster: Vet Terms > Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (102)
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1

Cilia

Hairlike extensions in the surface of those cells capable of movement

2

Endoplasmic reticulum

Membrane network of "roads" & "channels" that wind through a cytoplasm

3

Flagella

A sperm cell's "tail"

4

Golgi bodies

Sacs that make and transport carbohydrate compounds

5

Lysosomes

The cell's "digestive system"

6

Mitochondria

"Power plants" that burn food in the presence of oxygen to make cell energy

7

Ribosomes

"Protein factories" that make proteins

8

Anabolism

The building metabolic phase; grows, maintains, & repairs body structures

9

Biology

The study of life and life processes

10

Catabolism

The breaking-down metabolic phase; producing energy from food and oxygen

11

Chromosomes

Short, tightly-coiled rods that contain genes

12

Cyt/o

Cell

13

Cytoplasm

Substance between plasma membranes & nucleus of all cells

14

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid, the chemical genes are made of

15

Genes

Regions of DNA organized into the body's "blueprint"

16

Kary/o

Nucleus

17

Karyoplasm

Substance of nucleus

18

Centrioles

Structures that function in cell reproduction

19

Karyotype

Pictur of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell

20

Metabolism

The chemical processes by which cells obtain and use energy

21

Nucleus

Spheroid body within a cell that dictates protein production; controls transport, metabolism, growth, heredity

22

Organelles

Structure within cytoplasm

23

-plasm

Formative, formed material

24

Plasma membrane

The outside boundary of the cell

25

RNA

Ribonucleic acid, needed for production of protein within cells

26

Tissue fluid

Salt water solution that bathes every cell in the body

27

Abdominal

Pertaining to the abdomen

28

Adipose

Relating to fat

29

Adrenal

Relating to adrenal glands; near kidneys

30

Alimentary

Pertaining to food or nutrition (alimentary canal)

31

Anal

Pertaining to the region of the anus

32

Aortic

Pertaining to the aorta (largest artery)

33

Appendicular

Pertaining to the arms/legs (appendages)

34

Arterial

Relating to arteries or the blood in them

35

Articulation

The joint or juncture of 2 or more parts

36

Aspiration

The act of breathing; withdrawing body fluid

37

Autonomic

Occurring involuntarily

38

Axial

Trunk & skull (skeleton)

39

Bowel

Division of the intestine

40

Bronchial

Pertaining to the air tubes of the lungs

41

Capillary

Smallest blood vessels

42

Cardiac

Pertaining to the heart

43

Cerebral

Relating to the brain, & the cerebrum in particular

44

Cervical

Pertaining to the neck or cervix

45

Cilia

Small hairlike structures

46

Cloaca

Urogenital passage of birds

47

Coccygeal

Tail area

48

Collateral

Secondary or accessory

49

Colon

Part of the large intestine

50

Copulatory

Relating to sexual intercourse

51

Coronary

Regarding the heart

52

Cranial

Regarding the skull

53

Cutaneous

Relating to the skin

54

Deciduous

Falling out @ the end of a stage or season; first set of teeth

55

Dental

Relating to teeth or dentistry

56

Diaphragmatic

Regarding the diaphragm

57

Diastolic

Regarding the dilation of the heart cavities

58

Digital

Pertaining to fingers or toes

59

Duodenal

Pertaining to the duodenum

60

Enzyme

Protein that causes biochemical reaction

61

Epidermal

Relating to the outer layer of skin

62

Epithelial

Pertaining to the outer protective tissue of the body

63

Esophagus

Tubular food passage between the neck & the stomach

64

Excretory

Relating to the discharge of waste

65

Exocrine

External secretion of a gland

66

Extremities

Terminal portions: arms, legs, feet, hands

67

Fecal

Relating to feces

(Stool or excrement)

68

Genetic

Relating to biological heredity

69

Genital

Pertaining to the reproductive organs

70

Hormonal

Relating to hormones

71

Intestinal

Pertaining to the large or small intestine

72

Larynx

Upper part of the trachea

(Windpipe)

73

Lumbar

Pertaining to the lower back

74

Metabolic

Relating to metabolism

75

Mucous

Secreting mucus

76

Mucus

Slippery secretion of mucous membranes

77

Neural

Pertaining to the nerves

78

Olfactory

Relating to the sense of smell

79

Ovarian

Relating to an ovary

80

Parietal

Pertaining to the walls of a cavity

81

Patellar

Relating to the patella

(Kneecap)

82

Pectoral

Pertaining to the breast or chest

83

Pelvic

Relating to or near the pelvis

84

Phalanges

Bones of the digits

(Fingers & toes)

85

Pharynx

Upper part of the alimentary canal

86

Prostate

Relating to the lungs

87

Pulmonary

Pertaining to the rectum

88

Renal

Relating to the kidneys

89

Sacral

Pertaining to the sacrum

(Bone)

90

Salivary

Relating to saliva or glands that secrete it

91

Sexual

Pertaining to the reproductive act or process

92

Spermatic

Relating to sperm

93

Sphincter

Muscle controlling size of a body opening

94

Spinal

Concerning the spine or spinal cord

95

Systolic

Regarding the contraction of the heart

96

Thoracic

Pertaining to the thorax

(Chest area)

97

Trachea

Tubular air passage in throat

98

Urogenital

Pertaining to the urinary & genital organs

99

Venous

Relating to veins

100

Vertebral

Relating to vertebrae

(Backbone)

101

Vestigial

Imperfectly developed or nonfunctional organ

102

Visceral

Organs within the abdominal & thoracic cavities