Anatomy Flashcards Preview

Penn Foster: Vet Terms > Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (102)
Loading flashcards...
1

Cilia

Hairlike extensions in the surface of those cells capable of movement

2

Endoplasmic reticulum

Membrane network of "roads" & "channels" that wind through a cytoplasm

3

Flagella

A sperm cell's "tail"

4

Golgi bodies

Sacs that make and transport carbohydrate compounds

5

Lysosomes

The cell's "digestive system"

6

Mitochondria

"Power plants" that burn food in the presence of oxygen to make cell energy

7

Ribosomes

"Protein factories" that make proteins

8

Anabolism

The building metabolic phase; grows, maintains, & repairs body structures

9

Biology

The study of life and life processes

10

Catabolism

The breaking-down metabolic phase; producing energy from food and oxygen

11

Chromosomes

Short, tightly-coiled rods that contain genes

12

Cyt/o

Cell

13

Cytoplasm

Substance between plasma membranes & nucleus of all cells

14

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid, the chemical genes are made of

15

Genes

Regions of DNA organized into the body's "blueprint"

16

Kary/o

Nucleus

17

Karyoplasm

Substance of nucleus

18

Centrioles

Structures that function in cell reproduction

19

Karyotype

Pictur of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell

20

Metabolism

The chemical processes by which cells obtain and use energy

21

Nucleus

Spheroid body within a cell that dictates protein production; controls transport, metabolism, growth, heredity

22

Organelles

Structure within cytoplasm

23

-plasm

Formative, formed material

24

Plasma membrane

The outside boundary of the cell

25

RNA

Ribonucleic acid, needed for production of protein within cells

26

Tissue fluid

Salt water solution that bathes every cell in the body

27

Abdominal

Pertaining to the abdomen

28

Adipose

Relating to fat

29

Adrenal

Relating to adrenal glands; near kidneys

30

Alimentary

Pertaining to food or nutrition (alimentary canal)