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Penn Foster: Vet Terms > Tissues/Organs/Systems > Flashcards

Flashcards in Tissues/Organs/Systems Deck (75)
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1

Alimentary

Pertaining to food or nutrition (alimentary glands)

2

Arterial

Pertaining to arteries or the blood in them

3

Articular

Pertaining to a joint

4

Autonomic

Occuring involuntarily

5

Axial

Trunk and skull (skeleton)

6

Bowel

Division of the intestine

7

Bronchial

Pertaining to air tubes of the lungs

8

Capillary

Smallest blood vessels

9

Cardiac

Pertaining to the heart

10

Cardiac muscle tissue

Specialized form id involuntary muscle tissue found only in the heart

11

Cardiovascular

Pertaining to the heart and blood vessels

12

Cavity

Space or hollow within the body

13

Cerebral

Pertaining to the brain, the cerebrum in particular

14

Cervical

Pertaining to the neck or cervix

15

Cilia

Small hairlike structures

16

Circulatory

Pertaining to blood circulation

17

Cloaca

Urigenital chamber of birds into which the intestinal, urinary, & generative canals discharge

18

Coccygeal

Tail area

19

Collateral

Secondary or accessory

20

Colon

Part of the large intestine

21

Copulatory

Pertaining to sexual intercourse

22

Abdominal

Space between the diaphragm and hip bones; houses the major digestive organs

23

Connective tissue

Tissue specializing in connection & support of body parts

24

Coronary

Regarding the heart

25

Cranial

Pertaining to the space enclosed by the skull; houses the brain & pituitary gland

26

Cutaneous

Relating to the skin

27

Deciduous

Falling out at the end of a stage or season; first set of teeth

28

Dental

Pertaining to teeth or dentistry

29

Diaphragm

Muscular wall dividing thoracic & abdominal cavities

30

Diaphragmatic

Pertaining to the diaphragm

31

Diastolic

Regarding the relaxation of heart muscle, allowing heart chambers to fill with blood

32

Digestive

Regarding the conversion of food into chemical substances the body uses

33

Digital

Pertaining to fingers or toes

34

Duodenal

Pertaining to the duodenum

35

Endocrine

Secreting integrally; relating to endocrine glands

36

Epidermal

Relating to the outer layer of skin

37

Epithelial tissue

Tissue that protects, lines, or invests body organs

38

Esophagus

Tubular food passage between the neck & stomach

39

Excretory

Relating to the discharge of waste

40

Exocrine

External secretion of a gland

41

Extremities

Terminal portions: legs, feet, hooves, paws

42

Fascist

Connective tissue membrane

43

Fecal

Relating to feces (stool or excrement)

44

Genetic

Relating to biological heredity

45

Genital

Pertaining to the reproductive organs

46

Hormonal

Relating to hormones

47

Integumentary

Pertaining to the skin of the body

48

Intestinal

Pertaining to the large or small intestine

49

Invest

Cover or surround a part of the body

50

Involuntary muscle tissue

Muscle tissues that are automatically controlled by the nervous system

51

Larynx

Upper part of the trachea (windpipe)

52

Lumbar

Pertaining to the lower back

53

Lymphatic

Pertaining to lymph or lymphatic vessels

54

Mediastinum

The mass of tissues & organs separating the two lungs

55

Metabolic

Relating to the metabolism

56

Mucuous

Secreting mucus or covered by mucus

57

Mucus

Slippery secretion of mucous membranes, acts like a lubrication

58

Nerve tissue

Tissue that carries nerve impulses

59

Muscle tissue

Tissue with the power to contract & thus produce movement; can be skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, or cardiac muscle

60

Nervous

Pertaining to the nerves

61

Muscular

Pertaining to the muscles

62

Peritoneum

Membrane investing the abdominal cavity & viscrea

63

Pleural cavity

Space between lungs and pleura

64

Reproductive

Concerning the production of offspring

65

Respiratory

Pertaining to the exchange of oxygen & carbon dioxide between the atmosphere and body cells

66

Skeletal

Pertaining to the bones of the body

67

Spinal cavity

Spaces within the vertebrae; houses the spinal cord

68

Striated

Striped, as in the appearance of voluntary (skeletal) muscles

69

Thoracic cavity

Space between the neck & diaphragm; houses the lungs

70

Urinary

Pertaining to the system of urine excretion

71

Urogenital

Pertaining to organs of excretion & reproduction

72

Vascular

Relating to vessels for passage of bodily fluids

73

Viscus

Pl. viscera

Internal organ(s), particularly those of the abdominal cavity

74

Voluntary muscle tissue

Muscle tissues controlled by conscious effort; also called skeletal muscle

75

Endocrine

Secreting internally; relating to endocrine glands