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Penn Foster: Vet Terms > Prefix > Flashcards

Flashcards in Prefix Deck (121)
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1

An-

No, not, without

(Analgesic: relieving pain)

2

Ana-

Up, apart

(Anabasis: the stage of increase in a disease)

3

Anti-

Against

(Antibody: immune body that fights foreign substances)

4

Auto-

Self

(Autonomic: not subject to voluntary control)

5

Bi-

Two

(Bilateral: pertaining to both side)

6

Brady-

Deficient, under

(Bradycardia: abnormally slow heartbeat)

7

Chromo-

Color

(Chromhidrosis: secretion of colored swear)

8

Chloro-

Green

(Chloroma: malagnant, green-colored tumor)

9

Co-

With, together

(Cohort: a group with a characteristic acquired @ the same time)

10

Com-

With, together

(Communicability: ability to spread from infected to susceptible hosts)

11

Con-

With, together

(Contagious: capable of being transmitted from host to host)

12

Cyano-

Blue

(Cyanosis: bluish skin &a mucosal discoloration)

13

De-

Down, lack of

(Dehydration: lack of water)

14

Deci-

One-tenth

(Deciliter: one tenth of a liter)

15

Di-

Two

(Diataxia: affecting both sides of the body)

16

Dia-

Through, between, apart, across, completely

(Diarrhea: rapid movement of fecal matter through the intestine)

17

Dys-

Bad, painful

(Dysphagia: difficulty in swallowing)

18

Erythro-

Red

(Erythrocyte: red blood cells)

19

Hemi-

Half

(Hemihypotonia: diminished muscle tone on one side of the body)

20

Hexa-

Six

(Hexavitamin: preparation of six vitamins)

21

Hyper-

Excessive, above

(Hypertension: persistently high blood pressure)

22

Hypo-

Below, deficient

(Hypoglycemia: abnormally low level of sugar in the blood)

23

Leuko-

White

(Leukenocephalitis: inflammation of white brain substance)

24

Macro-

Large

(Macroglossia: excessive size of the tongue)

25

Mal-

Bad

(Malignant: tending to worsen & cause death)

26

Melano-

Black

(Melanotrichia: abnormal increased pigmentation of the hair)

27

Meta-

Change, beyond

(Metamorphosis: change of structure or shape)

28

Micro-

Small

(Micromastia: abnormal smallness of the mammary gland)

29

Mono-

One, single

(Monogerminal: developed from a single ovum)

30

Multi-

Many

(Multiarticular: pertaining to or affecting many joints)

31

Neo-

New

(Neonate: a newborn animal)

32

Pan-

All

(Pandemic: a widespread epidemic)

33

Pent-

Five

(Pentadactyl: having five digits)

34

Poly-

Many, much

(Polychromatic: many-colored)

35

Pseudo-

False

(Pseudopregnancy: false pregnancy)

36

Quadr-

Four

(Quadrilocular: having four cavities)

37

Sub-

Less than, beneath

(Subclinical: without clinical manifestations)

38

Sym-

Syt-

With, together

(Symbiosis: mutually reinforcing)

39

Tachy-

Fast

(Tachycardia: abnormally fast heartbeat)

40

Tri-

Three

(Tribrachius: monster with three forelimbs)

41

Ultra-

Beyond

(Ultrasonic: beyond the audible range)

42

Xanth-

Yellow

(Xanthemia: presence of yellow coloring matter in the blood)

43

A-

No, not, without

(Acholia: lack or absence of bile secretion)

44

Ab-

Away from

(Abduct: to drawn away)

45

Ad-

Toward, near

(Adduct: to draw toward)

46

Ante-

Before, forward

(Antemortem: performed or occurring before death)

47

Dis-

Apart, away from

(Dissect: cut apart)

48

Ec-

Ecto-

Outside

(Ectopic: located away from the normal position)

49

Endo-

Within, in, inner

(Endocrine: secreting internally)

50

Epi-

Above, upon

(Epidermis: outermost layer of skin)

51

Ex-

Out

(Excision: removal by cutting out)

52

Extra-

Outside of

(Extrapulonary: not connected with lungs)

53

In-

In, into

(Incision: cutting into)

54

Infra-

Below, beneath

(Infraclavicular: below the clavicle)

55

Inter-

Between

(Interosseous: between two bones)

56

Intra-

Within

(Intravenous: within a vein)

57

Meta-

Beyond, change

(Metacarpal: bones beyond the wrist)

58

Para-

Near, alongside

(Parametrial: near the uterus)

59

Peri-

Surrounding

(Perilaryngitis: inflammation of the tissues around the larynx)

60

Post-

After, behind

(Postvaccinal: occurring after a vaccination)

61

Pre-

Before

(Prenatal: before birth)

62

Pro-

Pros-

Before, forward

(Prognosis: forecast of likely course of disease)

63

Re-

Back, again

(Relapse: return of disease symptoms)

64

Sub-

Beneath, less than

(Subcutaneous: under the skin)

65

Retro-

Behind, backward

(Retromandibular: behind the lower jaw)

66

Supra-

Above, upper

(Suprapelvic: above the pelvis)

67

Trans-

Across, through

(Transverse: extending through a structure from side to side)

68

A-

Lacking; without

(Abiotic: without life)

69

Ab-

From; away from

(Abduct: move a body part way from trunk)

70

Ad-

Af-

To; toward

(Adduct: toward the main axis of the body; afferent neuron: nerve cell sending messages to brain)

71

An-

Without

(Anaerobic: without oxygen)

72

Ana-

Up; upward

(Anabolism: constructive phase of metabolism)

73

Ante-

Before

(Antebrachium: forearm)

74

Antero-

Toward the front

(Anterolateral: the front side of the side)

75

Anti-

Against; opposite

(Antibiotic: bacteria-fighting substance)

76

Auto-

Self

(Autonomic nervous system: part of nervous system controlling involuntary actions)

77

Carbo-

Carbon; charcoal

(Carbohydrate: chemical compound containing carbon, hydrogen, & oxygen)

78

Circum-

Around

(Circumrenal: around the kidney)

79

Com-

Con-

Cor-

With; together

(Compress: folded cloth applied to body part; congenital: acquired during development in the uterus; coronary: having to do with the heart)

80

Contra-

Against; opposite

(Contraindication: condition making a certain treatment in advisable)

81

Cuti-

Skin

(Cuticle: outer layer of skin)

82

Cyst-

Bladder

(Cystitis: inflammation of the bladder)

83

De-

Down; from

(Decalcify: remove calcium from)

84

Dia-

Through; apart

(Diaphragm: muscle separating the chest & abdomen)

85

Dis-

Separate; undo

(Dissect: disassemble)

86

Dys-

Painful; faulty

(Dyspepsia: indigestion (pepsis=digestion)

87

E-

Without

(Edentata: order of animals without teeth)

88

Ecto-

Outer

(Ectoderm: outer layer of skin)

89

Ef-

Ex-

Exo-

Out of; away from

(Efferent neuron: nerve carrying messages away from the brain; excrete: discharge wastes from the body; exoskeleton: outer skeleton on many invertebrates, such as insects)

90

En-

Endo-

Ento-

Inner; within

(Encyst: to enclose in a cyst; endoenzyme: enzyme functioning inside cells; entozoa: internal animal parasites)

91

Epi-

Over; upon

(Epicardium: tissue covering the heart)

92

Eu-

Easy; true

(Euthanasia: easy death; killing for merciful reasons)

93

Extra-

Outside of; in addition

(Extracellular: occurring outside of cells)

94

Fore-

Before; in front

(Forelimb: front leg)

95

Hetero-

Different; other

(Heterochromia: a difference in color, such as in the eyes)

96

Homeo-

Homo-

Same; similar

(Homeostasis: maintaining a steady internal environment; homogeneous: same quality, composition, or structure throughout)

97

Hyper-

More than normal; above

(Hyperthyroidism: overactive thyroid)

98

Hypo-

Less than normal; under

(Hypodermic: administered beneath the skin)

99

In-

In, out

(Incontinent: unable to control urinal discharge)

100

Infra-

Below; under

(Infracostal: below the ribs)

101

Inter-

Between

(Interrenal: tissue between the kidneys)

102

Intra-

Within, into

(Intrauterine: within the uterus)

103

Iso-

Equal; alike

(Isothermal: equality of temperature)

104

Macro-

Mega-

Large

(Macroscopic: large enough to be viewed by the naked eye; megadose: large dose of vitamins or medications)

105

Mal-

Bad, poor

(Malignant: tending to become progressively worse and result in death)

106

Medi-

Medio-

Middle

(Medication: substance used to cute it releive (mediate) illness or pain; medicodorsal: toward the middle back)

107

Mes-

Middle; intermediate

(Mesentery: sheets if tosses located in the middle of the body, supporting the small intestine)

108

Meta-

Change; last

(Metabolism: chemical changes & processes in living bodies)

109

Micro-

Small

(Microscopic: visible only under a microscope)

110

Neo-

New

(Neonatal: having to do with the newborn)

111

Par-

Para-

Beside; near; around

(Parietal: relating to the walls of a body part or cavity; parasite: organism living in or on another organism)

112

Per-

Throughout; thorough

(Pernicious anemia: severe anemia (blood deficiency))

113

Peri-

Around

(Peripheral nervous system: part of the nervous system outside he central nervous system)

114

Post-

After; behind

(Posterior: caudal or dorsal part of an animal)

115

Pre-

Pro-

In front of; before

(Precursor: substance from which another substance is formed; prostate: gland in front of the male urethra)

116

Re-

Again; backward

(Restrain: hold an animal back)

117

Retro-

Behind; backward

(Retrolingual: behind the tongue)

118

Sub-

Under; below

(Subacute: less acute (as in subacute pain))

119

Super-

Supra-

Over; above

(Superinfection: reinfection with the same bacteria, fungus, or virus; suprarenal: situated above the kidneys)

120

Sym-

Syn-

Together; along with

(Symptom: reaction or indication that goes along with disease; synapse: point @ which 2 nerve endings come close together)

121

Trans-

Across; through

(Transfusion: transfer of fluid through a needle into a vein or artery)