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Penn Foster: Vet Terms > Roots > Flashcards

Flashcards in Roots Deck (216)
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1

Arteri/o

Artery

(Arteriovenous: pertaining to both artery and vein)

2

Arthr/o

Joint

(Arthrosclerosis: stiffening or hardening of the joints)

3

Blephar/o

Eyelid

(Blepharism: spasm of the eyelid; continuous blinking)

4

Bronch/o

Windpipe, throat

(Bronchistaxis: bleeding from the bronchial wall)

5

Cardi/o

Heart

(Cardiovalvular: pertaining to the valves of the heart)

6

Cephal/o

Head

(Cephalogyric: petering to turning motions of the head)

7

Cerebr/o

Brain

(Cerebration: functional activity of the brain)

8

Chir/o

Hand

(Chiropractic: disease treatment by vertebral manipulation)

9

Chol/o

Bile

(Cholomesis: vomiting of bile)

10

Chondr/o

Cartilage

(Chondromalacia: abnormal softening of cartilage)

11

Aden/o

Gland

(Adenoid: resembling a gland)

12

Col/o

Lower intestine

(Colitis: inflammation of the colon)

13

Colp/o

Vagina

(Colporrhexis: laceration of the vagina)

14

Cor/o

Pupil of the eye

(Corotomy: incision of the pupil)

15

Cortic/o

Cortex

(Corticotrophic: having a stimulating effect on the adrenal cortex)

16

Cost/o

Rib

(Costalgia: pain in the ribs)

17

Cyst/o

Bladder, cyst

(Cystitis: inflammation of the urinary bladder)

18

Cyt/o

Cell

(Cytoglycopenia: deficient glucose content of the body or blood cells)

19

Dacry/o

Tears

(Dacryagogic: inducing a flow of tears)

20

Dent/i

Tooth

(Dentibuccal: pertaining to the cheek and teeth)

21

Dermat/o

Skin

(Dermabrasion: planing of the skin done by mechanical means)

22

Dextr/o

Right side

(Dextroversion: movement, especially eye movement, to the right)

23

Encephal/o

Brain

(Encephelomyelopathy: a disease involving the brain and spinal cord)

24

Enter/o

Intestine

(Enteromegaly: enlargement of the intestines)

25

Fibr/o

Fibrous

(Fibrochondritis: inflammation of fibrocartilage)

26

Gastr/o

Stomach

(Gastrodynia: pain in the stomach)

27

Gloss/o

Tonuge

(Glossopharygeal: pertaining to the tongue and pharynx)

28

Gynec/o

Woman

(Gynecomastia: exaggerated growth of the male mammary glands)

29

Hem/a

Blood

(Hematemesis: the vomiting of blood)

30

Hem/o

Blood

(Hemorrhage: the escape of blood from a ruptured vessel)

31

Hepat/o

Liver

(Hepatosplenitis: inflammation of the liver and spleen)

32

Hist/o

Tissue

(Histopathology: study of diseased tissue)

33

Hydr/o

Water

(Hydrotherapy: the external use of water to treat disease or injury)

34

Hyster/o

Uterus, womb

(Hysterctomy: surgical removal of the uterus)

35

ili/o

Flank, upper hipbone

(iliolumbar: pertaining to the iliac and lumbar regions)

36

irid/o

Iris of the eye

(iridodilator: agent that dilates the pupil of the eye)

37

Labi/o

Lip

(Labioplasty: plastic repair of a lip)

38

Lapar/o

Flank, abdominal wall

(Laparorrhaphy: suture of the abdominal wall)

39

Laryng/o

Windpipe, larynx

(Laryngoxerosis: dryness of the larynx)

40

Lip/o

Fat

(Lipophilia: affinity for fat)

41

Mast/o

Breast

(Mastatrophy: atrophy of the mammary gland)

42

Metr/o

Uterus

(Metritis: inflammation of the uterus)

43

Muscul/o

Muscle

(Musculocutaneous: pertaining to muscle and skin)

44

Myel/o

Marrow, spinal cord

(Myelatelia: imperfect development of the spinal cord)

45

My/o

Muscle

(Myocele: hernia if muscle through its sheath)

46

Nephr/o

Kidney

(Nephrolith: a calculus in a kidney)

47

Neur/o

Nerve

(Neurogenic: forming nervous tissue, or stimulating nervous energy)

48

Odont/o

Tooth

(Odontopathy: any disease of the teeth)

49

Ophthalm/o

Eye

(Ophthalmoneuritis: infammation of the optic nerve)

50

Opt/o

Eye

(Optokinetic: pertaining to the movement of the eyes)

51

Orchid/o

Testes

(Orchidic: pertaining to a testis)

52

Oss/i

Bone

(Ossific: forming or becoming bone)

53

Oste/o

Bone

(Osteoclastoma: a giant cell tumor of bone)

54

Ot/o

Ear

(Otopolypus: a polyp in the ear)

55

Ov/i

Egg

(Ovary: the female reproductive organ that produces eggs)

56

Pharyng/o

Pharynx

(Pharyngostomy: creation of an artificial opening into the pharynx)

57

Phleb/o

Vein

(Phleborrhexis: rupture of a vein)

58

Pleur/o

Rib, side of body

(Pleuroclysis: injection of fluids into the pleural cavity)

59

Pneum/o

Lung, air

(Pneumonosis: any lung disease)

60

Pod/o

Foot

(Pododermatitis: inflammation of the skin of the foot)

61

Poli/o

Grey matter

(Poliodystrophy: atrophy of the cerebral gray matter)

62

Proct/o

Anus, rectum

(Proctoplasm: spasm of the rectum)

63

Psych/o

Mind

(Psychotropic: capable of modifying mental activity)

64

Pulm/o

Lung

(Pulmoaortic: pertaining to the lungs & aorta)

65

Pyel/o

Pelvis

(Pyeloplasty: plastic repair of the renal pelvis)

66

Ren/i

Kidney

(Renal: pertaining to the kidney)

67

Sacr/o

Sacrum

(Sacrad: toward the sacrum)

68

Sangui

Blood

(Sanguigacient: forming blood)

69

Sacr/o

Flesh

(Sarcosis: abnormal increase of flesh)

70

Ser/o

Serum, blood

(Seroprognosis: prognosis of disease based on serum reactions)

71

Sial/o

Salivary glands

(Sialadenitis: inflammation of a salivary gland)

72

Somat/o

Body

(Somatometry: measurement of the dimensions of the entire body)

73

Spondyl/o

Vertebra

(Spondyloarthropathy: disease of the joints of the spine)

74

Stomat/o

Mouth

(Stomatitis: inflammation of the mucosa of the mouth)

75

Thromb/o

Blood clot, coagulation

(Thrombectomy: surgical removal of a clot from a blood vessel)

76

Trache/o

Windpipe, trachea

(Tracheotome: an instrument for incising the trachea)

77

Trich/o

Hair

(Trichoclasia: brittleness of the hair)

78

Urethr/o

Urethra

(Urethrostenosis: constriction of the urethra)

79

Urin/o

Urine

(Urinoma: a cyst containing urine)

80

Ur/o

Urine

(Urogenous: producing urine)

81

Uter/o

Womb, uterus

(Uterotonic: increasing the tone of the uterine muscle)

82

Vas/o

Vessel

(Vasodilator: causing dilation of blood vessels)

83

Ven/o

Vein

(Venosity: excess of venous blood in a part)

84

Ventr/o

Abdomen

(Ventrose: having a belly-like expansion)

85

Cardi/o

Heart

(Cardiology: study & treatment of the heart & it's diseases)

86

Chir/o

Hand

(Chiropractic: disease treatment by manipulation of the vertebral column)

87

Crin/o

Secrete

(Endocrinology: study of endocrine glands & hormones)

88

Dem/o

People

(Epidemiology: study of causes & control of epidemics)

89

Dent/o

Tooth

(Dentistry: care & treatment of diseases of teeth, gums, and jaw)

90

Dermat/o

Skin

(Dermatology: study & treatment of skin disorders)

91

Embry/o

Embryo

(Embryology: study of embryo development)

92

Enter/o

Intestine

(Gastroenterology: study & treatment of stomach & intestine disorders)

93

Gastr/o

Stomach

(Gastroenterology: study & treatment of stomach & intestine disorders)

94

Geront/o

Old age

(Gerontology: study of aging process & problems of the aged)

95

Gynec/o

Female

(Gynecology: study & treatment of diseases of women & girls)

96

Hemat/o

Blood

(Hematology: study of blood & blood diseases)

97

Immun/o

Protected

(Immunology: study of the body's defense system & related phenomena)

98

Intern/o

Within, inner

(Internal medicine: diagnosis & nonsurgical treatment of diseases)

99

Nat/o

Birth

(Neonatology: study & treatment of newborns)

100

Nephr/o

Kidney

(Nephrology: study & treatment of kidney diseases)

101

Neur/o

Nerves

(Neurology: study & treatment of nervous system processes & diseases)

102

Obstetr/o

Midwife

(Obstetrics: care of women during & immediately after pregnancy)

103

Onc/o

Tumor

(Oncology: study & treatment of tumors)

104

Ophthamo/o

Eye

(Ophthalmology: study & treatment of eye diseases & disorders)

105

Opt/o

Eye

(Optometry: testing of eyes in order to prescribe corrective lenses)

106

Orth/o

Straight

(Orthopedics: study & treatment of bone, joint, & muscle disorders)

107

Oste/o

Bone

(Osteopathy: treatment of disease by manipulation & massage of musculoskeletal system)

108

Ot/o

Rhin/o

Laryng/o

Ear
Nose
Larynx, throat

(Otorhinolaryngology: treatment of ear, nose, & throat diseases & disorders)

109

Path/o

Disease

(Pathology: tissue analysis to confirm diagnosis; also autopsies)

110

Ped/o

Pedi/a

Child

(Pediatrics: care & treatment of children)

111

Pharmac/o

Drug, medicine

(Pharmacology: study & practice of drug chemistry, preparation, use, effect)

112

Pod/o

Ped/I

Foot

(Podiatry: diagnosis, treatment, & correction of foot disorders)

113

Proct/o

Anus, rectum

(Proctology: diagnosis & treatment of anal and rectal disorders)

114

Psych/o

Mind

(Psychiatry: diagnosis, management, and prevention of mental disorders)

115

Ur/o

Urine

(Urology: study & treatment of urinary tract diseases)

116

Abdomino

Abdomen

(Abdominal cavity: space between the thorax (chest) & pelvis)

117

Acro

Extremity; highest

(Acromegaly: enlargement of hands, feet, & face)

118

Adeno

Gland

(Adenoma: benign (noncancerous) tumor of a gland)

119

Aero

Air

(Aerobic: living or occurring only in the presence of oxygen)

120

Algesi

Sense of pain

(Analgesia: inability to sense pain without loss of consciousness)

121

Andro

Male

(Androgen: a male sex hormone)

122

Angio

Vessel

(Angiology: the study of blood & lymph vessels)

123

Ankylo

Stiffness; immobility

(Ankylosis: stiffness or fixation of a joint from injury or surgery)

124

Arterio

Artery

(Arteriole: small branches of an artery)

125

Arthro

Joint

(Arthritis: inflammation of joints)

126

Bio

Life

(Biochemical: chemical reaction in a living organism)

127

Blast

Bud

(Blastocyst: early stage of embryo growth)

128

Brachi

Arm

(Brachial plexus: network of nerves in airport)

129

Broncho

Air passages

(Bronchitis: inflammation of the bronchi)

130

Bucco

Cheek

(Buccal cavity: the mouth)

131

Carcino

Cancer

(Carcinoma: malignant tumor)

132

Cardio

Heart

(Cardiopulmonary: relating to heart & lungs)

133

Carn

Flesh

(Carnivorous: meat eating)

134

Carpo

Wrist

(Carpus: the bones of the wrist)

135

Caudo

Tail

(Caudal: relating to tail; toward the hind end of the body)

136

Cephalo

Head

(Cephalic: related to head)

137

Cerebro

Brain

(Cerebral: pertaining to the brain; cerebropathy: any disorder of he brain)

138

Cervico

Neck

(Cervix: neck of the uterus)

139

Chondro

Cartilage

(Chondricranium: developing skull of the embryo)

140

Colo

Large

(Colon: greater part of the large intestine)

141

Colpo

Vagina

(Colposcope: instrument for examining the vagina)

142

Costo

Rib

(Costal: relating to the ribs)

143

Cranio

Skull

(Cranial nerve: nerve passing from the brain to the periphery of the body)

144

Cyto

Cell

(Cytology: study of cell biology)

145

Dento

Teeth

(Dentistry: medical care of teeth)

146

Dermo

Skin

(Dermoid cyst: cystic tumor in which are often found elements derived from the skin)

147

Dermato

Skin

(Dermatology: branch of medicine dealing with the skin)

148

Digiti

Fingers, toes

(Digitigrade: walking on the toes)

149

Dorso

Back

(Dorsolateral: involving both the back & the sides)

150

Electro

Electric

(Electrosurgery: surgery by means of electric current)

151

Encephalo

Inside of head; brain

(Encephalomyelitis: inflammation of the brain & spinal cord; common in horses)

152

Entero

Small intestine

(Enteritis: intestinal inflammation; common in domestic animals)

153

Eso

Carrier

(Esophagus: tube carrying food from the mouth to the stomach)

154

Esthesio

Sensation

(Anesthesia: loss of sensation)

155

Estro

Female

(Estrus: Heat cycle of female mammals)

156

Gastro

Stomach

(Gastric juice: digestive fluid secreted in the stomach)

157

Genus

Beginning

(Genus: biological class of life with same characteristics)

158

Gingivo

Gums

(Gingivitis: inflammation of the gums)

159

Gnosis

Knowledge

(Prognosis: anticipated prospect of recovery)

160

Hemo

Blood

(Hemoglobin: iron-containing substance in red blood cells)

161

Hepato

Liver

(Hepatitis: inflammation of the liver)

162

Hydro

Water

(Hydrophobia: fear of water)

163

Hystero

Uterus

(hysterectomy: surgical removal of the uterus)

164

ileo

ileum (of intestine)

(ileitis: inflammation of the ileum)

165

ilio

ilium (of pelvis)

(iliac: related to or near the ilium (as in sacroiliac)

166

ischi

Hip; pelvis

(ischium: dorsal & posterior pelvic bones)

167

Lacrimo

Tears

(Lacrimation: excessive or abnormal secretion of tears)

168

Lacto

Milk

(Lactation: secretion of milk)

169

Laparo

Abdominal wall

(Laparotomy: surgical section (cutting) of the abdominal wall)

170

Lipo

Fat

(Lipoma: tumor of fatty tissue)

171

Litho

Stone

(Lithiasis: formation of stonelike substances in the body)

172

Lumbo

Lower back

(Lumbosacral: relating to the lumbar & sacral parts)

173

Lympho

Lymphatic tissue

(Lymphocyte: white blood cells made in lymphatic tissue)

174

Malaco

Softening

(Osteomalacia: softening of the bones)

175

Melano

Darkness; blackness

(Melanoma: tumor containing dark pigment)

176

Meter

Measure

(Thermometer: device for measuring body temperature)

177

Morph

Structure; shape

(Morphogenesis: formation & differentiation of tissues & organs during boy development)

178

Myco

Fungus

(Mycology: study of fungi)

179

Myelo

Marrow; spinal cord

(Myelitis: inflammation of spinal cord or bone marrow)

180

Myo

Muscle

(Myocardium: muscular layer of the heart wall)

181

Narco

Sleep

(Narcolepsy: condition characterized by attacks of sleep)

182

Necro

Dead

(Necropsy: postmortem examination)

183

Nephro

Kidney

(Nephron: a single excretory unit of the kidney)

184

Neuro

Nerve

(Neuron: basic cell of nerve tissue)

185

Olfact

Smell

(Olfactory: pertaining to the sense of smell)

186

oo

Egg

(oocyte: egg before maturation)

187

Ophthalmo

Eye

(Ophthalmia: inflammation of the eye)

188

Opia

Sight

(Myopia: nearsightedness, or defective vision of distant objects)

189

Orchido

Testicle

(Cryptorchidism: condition in which one or both testicles fail to descend normally)

190

Oro

Mouth

(Oropharyngeal: relating to the mouth & pharynx)

191

Osteo

Bone

(Osteology: branch of anatomy concerned with bones)

192

Oto

Ear

(Otitis: inflammation of the ear)

193

Ovo

Egg

(Ovary: egg-producing organ of the female)

194

Parie

Wall

(Parietal lobe: middle division of each cerebral hemisphere)

195

Patho

Disease

(Pathogen: specific cause of a disease (such as a virus))

196

Phagia

Eat

(Dysphagia: difficulty in swallowing)

197

Phlebo

Vein

(Phlebitis: inflammation of a vein)

198

Phono

Sound

(Phonocardiogram: visual record of heart sounds)

199

Pilo

Hair

(Pilose: covered with soft hair)

200

Pleuro

Rib; side

(Pleura: membrane lining rib cage & lungs)

201

Pneumono

Lung

(Pleuropneumonia: inflammation of the pleura & lungs)

202

Pod

Foot

(Podarthritis: inflammation of the joints of the feet)

203

Pseudo

False

(Pseudopregnancy: state resembling pregnancy that occurs in some mammals after infertile coitus)

204

Pyscho

Mind

(Psychology: study of the mind & behavior)

205

Ptosis

Prolapse

(Hysteroptosis: prolapse (sagging) uterus)

206

Pulmo

Lung

(Pulmonary artery: vessel conveying blood from heart to lungs)

207

Pyo

Pus

(Pyoderma: pus-filled skin lesions)

208

Rhino

Nose

(Rhinoscopy: examination of nasal passages)

209

Scope

View

(Stethoscope: instrument for detection of sounds observations within the body)

210

Thoraco

Thorax (chest)

(Thoracotomy: surgical incision of chest wall)

211

Tropho

Growth; nourishment

(Trophic disorders: nutritional disorders)

212

Ur

Urino

Urine

(Urogenital: relating to the organs of excretion & reproduction)

213

Uro

Tail

(Urophysis: growth at base of tail)

214

Vaso

Vessel

(Vascular: pertaining to blood vessels)

215

Vivi

Live

(Viviparous: producing live young)

216

Zyg

Union; pair

(Zygote: cell produced by union of sperm & ova)