What are the three functions of the lower limb?
- support body weight - locomotion - maintain balance
What are the four superficial muscles of the gluteal region
gluteus maximus gluteus medias gluteus minimus tensor fascia latae
what movement of the thigh do the superficial muscles of the gluteal region give?
extension abduction medial rotation
how many branches of the gluteal nerve are there and what are they called?
2- inferior and superior gluteal
which branch of the gluteal nerve innervates which superficial muscle of the gluteal region?
superior- gluteus medius/minimus and tensor fascia lata inferior- gluteus maximus
damage to the superior gluteal nerve results in what?
what are the four deep muscles of the gluteal region?
piriformis obturator internus gemelli quadratus femoris
what movement of the thigh do the deep muscles of the gluteal region give?
lateral rotation and hip stabilisation
what nerves supply the deep muscles of the gluteal region?
nerves from the sacral plexus
through what structure do nerves enter/exit the pelvis and perineum?
greater and lesser sciatic foramen
before the attachment of ligaments what are the foramen known as?
greater/lesser sciatic notch
which ligaments attach to form the sciatic foramen?
sacrotuberous and sacrospinous ligaments
which vertebral levels are associated with the sciatic nerve?
what areas of the lower limb does the sciatic nerve innervate?
posterior thigh all leg and foot muscles most of the skin via branches
what are the branches of the sciatic nerve called?
Tibial and common fibular
the sciatic nerve usually exist inferior to which deep muscle?
which nerve is associated with the vertebral levels S1-S3?
posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh
what areas of the lower limb does the posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh innervate?
skin over posterior thigh popliteal fossa upper medial thigh
What forms the superior border of the femoral triangle?
what forms the medial border of the femoral triangle?
lateral border of adductor longus
what forms the lateral border of the femoral triangle?
medial border of sartorius
what forms the floor of the femoral triangle?
iliopsoas and pectineus
what forms the roof of the femoral triangle?
deep fascia- fascia lata
list the contents of the femoral triangle lateral to medial?
femoral nerve femoral artery femoral vein lymphatics
muscle compartments are separated by the ________ _____
increased pressure caused by bleeding/ tissue swelling can lead to what?
what is the name of the procedure used to release pressure in compartment syndrome?
what are the three compartments of the thigh?
anterior medial posterior
What muscles are contained within the anterior compartment of the thigh?
what is the proximal attachment of the iliopsoas?
iliac fossa (iliacus)
lumbar transverse prosecces (psoas major)