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Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (79)
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1

What are the three functions of the lower limb?

- support body weight - locomotion - maintain balance

2

What are the four superficial muscles of the gluteal region

gluteus maximus gluteus medias gluteus minimus tensor fascia latae

3

what movement of the thigh do the superficial muscles of the gluteal region give?

extension abduction medial rotation

4

how many branches of the gluteal nerve are there and what are they called?

2- inferior and superior gluteal

5

which branch of the gluteal nerve innervates which superficial muscle of the gluteal region?

superior- gluteus medius/minimus and tensor fascia lata inferior- gluteus maximus

6

damage to the superior gluteal nerve results in what?

Trendelenburg's Gait

7

what are the four deep muscles of the gluteal region?

piriformis obturator internus gemelli quadratus femoris

8

what movement of the thigh do the deep muscles of the gluteal region give?

lateral rotation and hip stabilisation

9

what nerves supply the deep muscles of the gluteal region?

nerves from the sacral plexus

10

through what structure do nerves enter/exit the pelvis and perineum?

greater and lesser sciatic foramen

11

before the attachment of ligaments what are the foramen known as?

greater/lesser sciatic notch

12

which ligaments attach to form the sciatic foramen?

sacrotuberous and sacrospinous ligaments

13

which vertebral levels are associated with the sciatic nerve?

L4-S3

14

what areas of the lower limb does the sciatic nerve innervate?

posterior thigh all leg and foot muscles most of the skin via branches

15

what are the branches of the sciatic nerve called?

Tibial and common fibular

16

the sciatic nerve usually exist inferior to which deep muscle?

piriformis

17

which nerve is associated with the vertebral levels S1-S3?

posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh

18

what areas of the lower limb does the posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh innervate?

skin over posterior thigh popliteal fossa upper medial thigh

19

What forms the superior border of the femoral triangle?

inguinal ligament

20

what forms the medial border of the femoral triangle?

lateral border of adductor longus

21

what forms the lateral border of the femoral triangle?

medial border of sartorius

22

what forms the floor of the femoral triangle?

iliopsoas and pectineus

23

what forms the roof of the femoral triangle?

deep fascia- fascia lata

24

list the contents of the femoral triangle lateral to medial?

femoral nerve femoral artery femoral vein lymphatics

25

muscle compartments are separated by the ________ _____

intermuscular septum

26

increased pressure caused by bleeding/ tissue swelling can lead to what?

compartment syndrome

27

what is the name of the procedure used to release pressure in compartment syndrome?

fasciotomy

28

what are the three compartments of the thigh?

anterior medial posterior

29

What muscles are contained within the anterior compartment of the thigh?

iliopsoas

sartorius

qaudriceps femoris

30

what is the proximal attachment of the iliopsoas?

iliac fossa (iliacus)

lumbar transverse prosecces (psoas major)